The Nature Vs. Nurture Debate In Learning More About Alcoholism

3398 words - 14 pages

The Nature vs. Nurture Debate in Learning More about Alcoholism


INTRODUCTION: Alcoholism can affect anyone. It has enormous costs as it pertains to societies, families, and individuals. It is not prejudicial towards any race, color, sex, religion, or economic level. Although we do have ideas as to what alcoholism is, what we do not know is the exact cause(s) of this problem. Researchers are continually seeking answers to the long-standing nature versus nurture debate. Different views are split between a biological paradigm and a physchological paradigm. No one explanation seems to be better than another is. I will present views of the effects alcoholism has on society and an insight to the factors that serve to fuel the nature or nurture debate concerning alcohol abuse and alcoholism.
STATISTICS: The abuse of alcohol alone is estimated at $144.1 billion dollars annually. Every man, woman and child in America pays nearly $1,000 a year to cover the costs of unnecessary health care, auto accidents, crime and lost of productivity resulting from alcohol abuse. Alcohol deaths account for approximately five percent of all deaths occurring in the United States. Alcohol is considered to be one of the most widely used drugs as it attacks the central nervous system. Two-thirds of all adults drink alcohol; one-third of those are under the age of eighteen.
The term alcoholic is commonly used to refer to a person who is severely dependent on alcohol as a result of their drinking pattern. Not everyone with an alcohol problem becomes an alcoholic. If this is true then what differentiates the social drinker from the alcoholic? A novice explanation would be that social drinkers do not experience problems when they drink, however alcoholics develop a physical dependence on alcohol and lack control over how much they drink and what happens when they drink, resulting in social problems. Can it be this simple? Why doesn't a person just stop drinking when they notice that their lives are in a downward spiral? It has taken society and the medical community a long time to consider alcoholism as a disease. This may be in part because alcohol is used primarily for recreational or social purposes and is not viewed as something that cannot be controlled.
CULTURAL: Styles of drinking and attitudes toward alcohol vary across cultures. In cultural groups such as the Chinese, Greeks and Italians, drinking are maintained by social customs. Children are introduced to alcohol at an early age, but are not associated with masculinity or social power. The abuse of alcohol is looked upon with strong disapproval. Conversely the American experience is just the opposite. In colonial America habitual drunkenness was not considered to be an uncontrollable disease. In those days drinking was a social activity that took place in a close-knit family environment. But during the early 1800s drinking moved into the male dominated saloons and alcohol became a...

Find Another Essay On The Nature vs. Nurture Debate in Learning More about Alcoholism

The Nature-Nurture Debate Essay

1695 words - 7 pages was subject to disagreements that were far more political in nature. Its proponent, biologist Edward O Wilson (1975)2, "speculated incautiously on the genetic basis of human social behavior, and often with regard to highly complex, situation-sensitive behavior" (Barlow, 1991)1, which drove the groups involved in the nature-nurture debate back into their opposite corners. Wilson was accused of being "politically motivated, even if he were himself

The nature/nurture debate Essay

794 words - 3 pages genes and the environment steps in. As with all of these 'nature-nurture' discussions, this 50-50 percentage is not concrete. There's no way to tease apart the contributions of heredity vs. environment for any given trait. First, there's no way something can be affected by just "heredity" or just "environment" -- you must consider a third, unique source of variance, the dynamic interaction of heredity X environment. Second, for each

Nature vs. Nurture; The Great Debate by: Dane Sanderson

615 words - 2 pages , would it be because somewhere in his genetic makeup he should naturally be afraid? Or, is it from learning from his peers to be afraid? Nature vs. nurture is a theory among others today, and among the controversy shows some truth. bibliography: http://google.com-Marie Baxter

Alcoholism - nature or nurture?

2780 words - 11 pages that alcoholism is hereditary and that if parents are alcoholic, their children may be more likely to develop into alcoholics than others. However, others feel that genetics may play a small part in the development of alcoholism, yet the environment plays a larger part in helping to shape the individual's alcoholic behaviour. It is now a more commonly held belief that neither nature nor nurture is solely responsible for our behaviour; rather it

The Nature Versus Nurture Debate

859 words - 3 pages versus nurture debate is one of the oldest issues in psychology. The debate centers on the relative contributions of genetic inheritance and environmental factors to human development.” - (Kendra Cherry). So far the evidence collected from years of research and data suggests a resolution of equal importance between the two factors as fifty/fifty. In the debate of nature v nurture there are people who take the position that all or most

The Nature VS. Nurture debate. A view on various pros and cons. With Bibliography.

1832 words - 7 pages , people will continue to study the effects of each in development. In these future studies, I hope more groundbreaking advances will be made to aid humans in better understanding human behavior. In the end, that is what both sides of the nature vs. nurture debate intended to accomplish. Bibliography Amsel, A. (1989). Behaviorism, Neobehaviorism, and Cognitivism in Learning Theory. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum,. Ashcraft, M. (1998). Fundamentals of

Nature vs Nurture: Do Genes Or Environment Matter More?

993 words - 4 pages were being bad” (White 214). This leads you to understand the questionable actions of Agravaine, one of the Orkney brothers. Because Agravaine was not taught right from wrong, it did not seem bad, or good, that he aggressively kills an innocent unicorn. In his article “Nature vs. Nurture Revisited,” Kevin Davies, author of Cracking the Genome: Inside the Race to Unlock Human DNA, revisits the debate between nature and nurture. Davies points out

Nature vs Nurture: Do Genes Or Environment Matter More?

1286 words - 5 pages Nature versus nurture has emerged as one of the most heated debates in the 21st century. It is more aligned towards the internal and external factors that comprise human beings behavior. The internal factors are innate and perceived to be genetically revolved as opposed to the external factors that are influenced by the environment and individuals’ experiences. However, scholars in different fields have researched on the relationship between

Psychological debate of Nature versus Nurture

620 words - 2 pages , they are more likely to growing up differently because of the different influences on them.Other more mundane factor, such as crime, can also be part of the nature vs. nurture debate. Some children who are bullies in preschool will most likely continue to bully later in life. This is an example of how children possess temperaments that determines their behavior. When children are young, they haven't fully developed their sense of logic or morality

The Formula for Fruition: The Age Old Debate of Nature Versus Nurture by Kendra Cherry

1887 words - 8 pages didn’t have enough answers, I turned to the internet to find out information about “nature vs. nurture” and its effects. The article that I found on the internet stated that when people were first trying to understand the mind, people tended to be more extremist with their opinions on nature vs. nurture. “John Locke believed in what is known as tabula rasa, which suggests that the mind begins as a blank slate. According to this notion, everything

nature versus nurture debate

629 words - 3 pages B.S. in WILDLIFE ECOLOGY (total credit requirement = 121-123) Name: ID #: Concentration/Minor ___________________________________________ First Year Fall Semester First Year Spring Semester BIO 100 Basic Biology/Lab 4 BIO 200 Biology of Organisms/Lab 4 ENG 101 College Composition 3 CMJ 103 Fund. of Public Communication 3 MAT 122 or Pre-Calculus or ECO 100 or Introduction to Economics or MAT 126 Calculus 4 ECO 120 Principles of Microeconomics 3

Similar Essays

Alcoholism: Nature Vs. Nurture Essay

910 words - 4 pages Alcoholism is one of the most common and most controversial drug addictions throughout the world. The majority of those who consume alcohol do so at least once a week. But does alcoholism run in families because a child inherits genes that expose alcoholism or does a child learn to become an alcoholic from the surrounding environment? Or is it a combination of the two? The nature versus nurture debate has been an on-going issue for many years

The Nature Vs. Nurture Debate Essay

1757 words - 7 pages The Nature vs. Nurture Debate No change in circumstances can repair a defect of character. Ralph Waldo Emerson One of the great controversial debates in Psychology is determining if characteristics and behavior are primarily due to genetics or the environment. We can now readily accept that genes determine our eye color, height, blood type, and other biological factors. Do these same genes that determine anatomy also determine our

Nature Vs. Nurture Debate Essay

1139 words - 5 pages nature vs. nurture debate, which would linger in the fields of philosophy and psychology for decades. A key point should be made that even though the literalists and empiricists felt strongly about their theories, the explanations were not entirely opposite of each other. Cowie explains, "...rhetoric aside, both empiricists and nativists are both internalist and externalists about the origin of what is in our minds" (Cowie, 1999). Even Leibniz

Nature Vs Nurture By Bret Lane. A Research Paper About Whether Alcoholism Is More Related To Environmental Factors Or Genetics

1525 words - 6 pages debate that environmental factors are. What do experts think about the relative influence of genetics vs. environmental in the development of alcoholism?         A few key terms must be defined before addressing the views of the experts. Nature is innate behavior that has been evolved over many generations, under the influence of natural selection. The behavior is adapted to the way of life and is shown by all members of the human species