The Nazi Police State
The Gestapo (Geheime Staatspolizei) was Hitler's secret state police.
Under the command of Reinhardt Heydrich, they were employed to
identify and bringing justice upon known and potential opponents of
the Nazi regime. Heydrich was the right-hand-man to Heinrich Himmler,
the chief of German Police and leader of the SS and there were strong
rivalries between the two. This was endorsed by Hitler as he felt that
these rivalries made sure that no one was ever able to challenge
Hitler and/or his position of Supremacy The opponents of which the
Gestapo were to bring justice upon consisted of Communists and
Socialists (basically any opposing political party followers. On top
of that, Jews, homosexuals and gypsies were punished. Although they
were almost entirely innocent to the 'crime' of opposition to the Nazi
party, Hitler's anti-Semitic views of their societies lead to the
prosecution of 162,734 people by April 1939. The justice brought upon
the opposition was what was called 'Protective Custody'.
This was the imprisonment of anyone arrested under suspicion of
opposition without trial of any form; the Gestapo could imprison
whomever they thought as opposition without any evidence. They were an
organization outside Jurisdiction, including that of the courts.
Alongside this huge number of people in Protective custody, a further
21,000 people were put into labour camps, these run by the SS. Many
Jews, gypsies and homosexuals were beaten, often to death, and
although the numbers of deaths of these types are unknown, 534 death
sentences were carried out officially between 1934 and 1939. The
Gestapo were arresting, beating, and executing whoever they thought
should be, and as there were no trials involved, the Nazi's were
already killing and incarcerating hundreds and thousands of people, of
almost all were guilty only of their religion or lifestyle.
YOUNG PEOPLE AND EDUCATION
Young people and children were a very special target for Hitler and
the future of his Nazi party; Hitler thought that if the children of
Nazi Germany were fed a 'diet' of Nazi ideas and beliefs from an early
age, then they would grow up to be fanatically loyal to the state and
stay that way. Children are very easily influenced and Hitler sought
to take advantage of this to ensure a strong support and loyalty to
him in the future. Hitler set up a group of organizations to do
exactly that. Boys started at the age of six by joining the 'pimpfen'
then moved onto the 'jungvolk' after passing a test at the age of ten.
By the age of 14 boys could join the Hitler Youth organization and
learn important army strategies and war tactics, along with survival
training. It was much like today's Army Cadets training program, thus
preparing children and teens for war, as...