The Nazi Soviet Pact Essay

2549 words - 10 pages

Programme: MA in Security, Intelligence and DiplomacyThe crucial role of diplomacy in the Nazi-Soviet PactProfessor: Dr. Louis ArmstrongStudent:Raluca Ghenghea(1400326)Winter term 2014AbstractThe purpose of this essay is to analyze this diplomatic event "The Nazi-Soviet pact" where maneuvering and negotiations played a crucial role. The paper it shows the essential facts of this diplomatic event that shocked the world in the 1939 and tries to see this through the eyes of both leaders, Stalin and Hitler, and of course, to explain the impact of it over the others.For a better understanding of the diplomacy used in that time this paper explains the context before signing the Ribbentrop- Molotov Pact and the impact that this Pact had on the whole world.Nobody had thought that two countries with ideological impassable gap and violent history would sign such an important Pact.When Russia decided to take Germany's part it must had known that this represented the start of an inevitable general war.Table of contentAbstract.....................................................................................................2Introduction......................................................................................4Hitler's approach of diplomacy........................................................5Stalin's approach of diplomacy.......................................................8Conclusion.....................................................................................11References...............................................................................................13IntroductionIn November 1937, Hitler had a secret meeting with the most important officers of his regime where he explained his foreign policy plans; these plans were included in the Hossbach Memorandum. He soon realized that the only best alternative for him to achieve his goals was to have a temporary alliance with Russia.On 24th August 1939 the world received the most shocking news at the times, the nonaggression pact between Adolf Hitler's Germany and Josef Stalin's Russia was signed. Even from that time everybody knew that this pact, also known as Ribbentrop-Molotov named after Soviet foreign minister Vyacheslav Molotov and German foreign minister Joachim von Ribbentrop, was indented to give Hitler free hand to invade Poland without the threat of Soviet intervention.According to the pact, Germany and the Soviet Union would 'refrain from any violence, any aggressive action, and any attack against each other, either individually or together with other states' and would not support coalitions of other countries that may take action against the parties to the agreement. The pact had a secret additional protocol which delimitated the Soviet and German spheres of influence in Eastern Europe. The protocol stated that Finland, Estonia and Latvia were to be in the Soviet sphere of interest. Because Germans declared their disinterest in southeast Europe they agreed that...

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