Law is a very important aspect of our lives which lays down the principles of our day to day activities. There is not a right or wrong definition of law, however it can be defined in various ways such as a set of rules and regulations created by the Parliament enforced through institutions that plays an important role in the creation and maintenance of social order and which regulates every aspect of our lives, another definition is provided by Sir John Salmond who defines law “as being the body of principles recognised and applied by the state in the administration of justice”.
In the United Kingdom, out of 40 major regions England and Wales shares the same legal system which is the English Legal System as commonly known and which is the basis of the common law, and is the same system used in most commonwealth countries.
Morality is what is right and wrong according to values or beliefs governing a community’s behaviour, and it is not fixed which means it can change over the time has time changes and generally morality has to do with beliefs and differs from country to country and from individual to individual.
Moral standards of a community are known to have a particular influence on the development of law, but law and morality do overlap on major issues, but may differ on other matters. In England and Wales there have been a shift from religious beliefs and the way the law has developed reveal this and an example of this is when abortion was legalised in 1967, yet some people still believe that is morally wrong but the law consent to it, having said that there are differences between law and morality, in the way they develop and the sanctions imposed. Morality cannot be changed intentionally but evolves slowly and according to the will of the people, while law can be deliberately altered by legislation which means that behaviour which was against the law can be lawful overnight and vice versa. Morality is voluntary with consequences but carry no formal sanction and it relies on the individual’s sense of shame or guilt, whereas law makes certain behaviour compulsory with legal sanction to enforce it. Breaches of moral values are not subjected to formal settlement while breaches of the law will be ruled on by a formal legal system. Whether law and morality should be the same is a question that is debated, positivist like Hart affirm that law and morality are fundamentally isolated from each other, but proponents of natural law theory believe that law and morality should coincide.
In today’s society, a reliable legal system is need in order to deal with disorder and conflicts, and in order to have a reliable system, and by reliable it is meant it has to be fair, the punishment have to fit the crime, it applies to everyone, there is an...