The Necessity Of Solving Society's Problems, In Two Works

824 words - 3 pages

Whether logical or illogical, solutions exist to all of society's problems. In "A Modest Proposal" by Jonathan Swift, devouring children solves society's economical downfall. "On Dumpster Diving" by Lars Eighner contrasts the satisfactory as a scavenger apart from the never sated middle class. In "A Modest Proposal" and "On Dumpster Diving," Swift and Eighner utilize irony by presenting disturbing actions to emphasize the necessity of solving society's problems.

Crafting their voices towards their attitudes on the discussion, the authors interest the reader to accept the topic. "I began Dumpster diving… before I became homeless." (Eighner, Pg. 23, ¶ 2) Eighner introduces himself as a prior dumpster diver to show that he understands what he discusses. Having knowledge about dumpsters, he also adds humorous irony to his discussion. "…sorority girls… work a few stitches horribly, and eventually discard the whole mess." (Pg. 29, ¶ 54) Providing a background and some humor, Eighner welcomes the reader into the topic of dumpster diving as a profitable gain and a means of entertainment. Swift reveals his knowledge on the topic through statistics. "The number of souls… usually reckoned one million and a half…" (Swift, Pg. 858, ¶ 6) The information shapes his authoritative tone that often appears throughout the essay. Contrarily wise, he also includes an ironic voice when he details the benefits of utilizing children's flesh. "…flay the carcass… make admirable gloves… and summer boots…" (Pg. 860, ¶ 15) Swift plays with the reader to grasp the reader's attention to state of the economy. Both authors express their knowledge on their discussion as well as utilize irony to create interest in the disturbing topics.

Both authors introduce the problems of society to create their stance. "…the rat-race millions… looking for they know not what." (Eighner, Pg. 31, ¶ 67) Eighner details society's problems in accepting what they already have. "Students throw food away… because they do not know whether it has spoiled…" (Pg. 25, ¶ 22) Society even unknowingly determine food and possessions as trash without further consideration of whether the possessions may prove useful in the future. Eighner condemns society for not understanding that necessity is more important than desire. "These mothers… are forced… to beg sustenance for their helpless infants, who… either turn thieves…" (Swift, Pg. 857, ¶ 1) Swift introduces that children serve as a burden to not just their poor parents but also to the troubled society once they grow up. "...a child… shall on the contrary contribute to the feeding, and partly to the clothing, of...

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