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The Necklace, By Guy De Maupassant

951 words - 4 pages

Values are spread all around the world, and many people’s values differ. These can lead to people being judged, or indirectly characterized by other people. In “The Necklace” Mme. Loisel is a beautiful woman with a decent life, and a husband that loves her, and only wants to make her happy. She is not rich but she makes it along, she insists of a better, wealthier life. When her husband gets her invited to a ball, she feels the need for a brand new fancy dress and tons of jewelry. When the couple realizes they cannot afford jewelry as well, they search out to borrow her friend, Mme. Forestiers’ necklace. She comes to notice she no longer has the necklace on when she leaves the ball. This later troubles her, as she has to work for a long time to collect enough money to buy a new necklace. This story describes the relationship between a couple, who have different dreams, and how desires can revamp your life. Guy de Maupassant, the author of “The Necklace” uses literary devices to prove people come before materialistic items.

A common literary device, symbolism is used in this story. Symbolism is when something has a greater meaning within itself. The example of this in the story is the necklace. When looking at necklaces at Madame Forestier she finds one that just jumps out at her. She believes it is everything she wants in life. This is symbolic because it was only a necklace it could not fulfill all of her dreams of a rich high-class life. “She wasn’t at all convinced “No… There’s nothing more humiliating than to look poor among a lot of rich woman”. This quote is said before borrowing the necklace, but it is the reason she borrows it from Madame. The necklace is not really going to change who she is in reality. The necklace represents the power of perception, and the diversion between appearances and reality. When loosing the necklace it shows that only trouble can come from denying the reality of one’s situation. Even though she has the values she does, when reality comes her way, she still does not change the person she is assumed to be.

Situational irony, when the effect is opposite than what is intended, or in other words, the outcome is contrary to what is expected. When Madame Loisel is picking out the necklace because she is afraid of looking poor, what she does not know is Mme. Forestiers necklace is fake. Maybe for the same reason, she wishes to look wealthier than she actually is. She has always looked at her friend as rich; so she never questions the necklaces authenticity. “What would have happened if she had never lost those jewels? Who knows? Who knows? How strange life is, how fickle! How little is needed to ruin or to...

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