Let's hope you are never in a situation where someone is in need of CPR. CPR stands for "Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation". If you are CPR certified, you then have the ability to save an individuals life. As an Emergency Medical Technician,I went through special training, where I was required to have learn how to preform CPR.
Idealistically, CPR should be performed only by people who have received proper training, however, brain damage can occur within minutes without oxygen. If no one else can help, follow these instructions to perform CPR.
The first lesson that I have learned in the beginning of the EMT course is safety. If there is a situation where someone needs your help is unconscious,it is your duty to check if the scene is safe.Then ask yourself, are you safe .Take a look around. If the victim is in a dangerous scene, help him/her to escape to a safer environment.If the scene is too dangerous, it is better to wait for a rescue,fire, and police. Do not risk your own life,or else you are going to put yourself in danger.If you have a chance to secure yourself and the ill victim, do not wait too long and check if the person is able to respond.
The next step would be to check the victim for consciousness by shaking or tapping their shoulder and saying in a loud, clear voice, "Are you okay? Are you okay?"If they do not respond call for help or ask some one to do it for you. Call 911 or the local rescue number . Analyze the situation.The more help available for this step the better, however, it can be easily done alone. This way you will make sure you specifically sent for help. If you are alone, preform CPR for one minute (which is about two to three cycles of CPR) call the EMS, then resume. If possible, send someone else to get an AED (Automatic External Defibrillator) if there is one around the scene.
In order to make sure that the victims airway is open,place your hand on the victims forehead and two fingers on their chin and tilt the head back slightly to open the airway.Look, listen, and feel for breathing. Get close enough to the victims face to listen if victim can breath by putting you ear close to the victims mouth. At the same time ,look if victims chest...