The Need For Policy Makers To Regulate Human Genetic Engineering

1449 words - 6 pages

Human genetic engineering (HGE), a prevalent topic for scientists in research, is the process of manipulating genes in the human genome. Potentially, scientists can use the process of HGE to alter many biological and psychological human traits by gene modification. Currently, however, there is a large deficiency in information regarding HGE and its effects to the human body; creating a need for scientists to conduct more research and tests. Because of the many unknowns involving HGE it is necessary for policy makers to regulate HGE for the use by scientists. The first part of this paper will provide an overview of what HGE is and the processes involved with the technology of HGE. This paper will then analyze the potential risks associated with HGE, which include: safety risks and a potential threat to genetic diversity causing a decrease to the human life span. Furthermore, it will argue that these risks are directly linked to the use of HGE for individual benefit. Counter to these claims this paper will also consider the benefits of HGE, which are connected to the use of HGE for the benefit of the collective. The potential benefits include: the manipulation of genes to treat or cure diseases, and the potential increase to the human population life span through an increase in genetic diversity. The last part of the paper will assess the future of HGE and suggest that more research is needed to increase the knowledge of the possibilities of HGE, as well as the types of policies that should be put in effect by policy makers to control the use of HGE. All of these claims will use the support of two reference articles, the first written by Russell Powell, Guy Kahane and Julian Savulescu and the second written by Chris Gyngell. Powell et al.’s article assesses the need for further development of HGE and discusses the risks, benefits, and future potential of HGE. Gyngell’s article analyzes the potential for HGE to increase the human life span, while providing a description of the process of HGE and predicting that HGE may eliminate disease via gene selection. Both of these articles provide credible and informative arguments that illustrate many different aspects of the potential impacts of HGE.
HGE modifies the genomes of humans to produce a specific phenotype (a set of observable characteristics of an organism) or genotype (genetic constitution of an organism) that embodies desirable characteristics [1]. Therefore, HGE differs from archaic processes of selective breeding and artificial selection because it directly alters genes. The main focuses of HGE research are genes that code for immunity, cognitive abilities, and psychological mentality. The use of HGE in gametes and early development embryos is of particular interest to scientists because of its potential to grant them control over heritable traits. This ability can have great impact on the future of evolution because it provides humans with the control of the production of combinations of...

Find Another Essay On The Need for Policy Makers to Regulate Human Genetic Engineering

Human Genetic Engineering is a Recipe for Social Discrimination

1600 words - 6 pages "stuck" with breeding kids naturally and hope for the best like in the Savage Reservation (Huxley 32). In other words, instead of helping the human species, there is a substantial amount of harm being done to the human species. People are undermining the quality of life with something that is destroying the society little by little. Russell Powell a professor at Oxford claims that genetic engineering will have no significant impact on diversity

Genetic Engineering: The Negative Impacts of Human Manipulation

1712 words - 7 pages expressed not only within the social scene of communities, but also among the religious population. The genetic engineering of humans is an outstandingly divisive subject when dealing with religion. By using sperm and egg cells, scientists created a cloned human embryo to use for testing; however, they never allowed the embryo to grow, killing it after a mere twelve days. Genetic Engineering becomes extremely contentious when dealing with cases

Human Genetic Engineering: Dreams and Nightmares

1418 words - 6 pages regarding the ethics of the practice. Human genetic engineering holds the potential to affect great change on the human species. The first successful gene therapy trials aimed to remove a gene responsible for severe combined immunodeficiency disorder (SCID). Unfortunately, by 2007, forty percent of these patients had been diagnosed with leukemia . However, to date, gene therapy has restored the immune systems of over 17 children with SCID. Human

How genetic engineering can stop human suffering.

1185 words - 5 pages approached. They are directly studying genes and DNA, the very building blocks of humans and the source of potentials, physical make up, and tendencies; the information that defines who we are and what we become. DNA also holds the information that we need to discover the cures for, and nature of, many complex genetic diseases that plague the human race and cause so much suffering. The answer to cancer and diabetes lie in our genes. Genetic engineering

Technologies and the Family Genetic engineering Discuss how four types of genetic engineering can assist with human reproduction. State and describe how each process is performed.

1590 words - 6 pages Technologies and The Family-Genetic Engineering-Human reproduction has been known to be a relatively inefficient process. As stated on the website, www.ivf-infertility.com, the average fertile couple holds an 80% probability of fertilization for any particular exposure of egg to sperm. However, by the time of the first menstrual period after ovulation approximately half of the early embryos have failed to develop. Therefore, the probability of a

The case for and against genetic engineering

962 words - 4 pages The case for and against genetic engineering I will look at the case for and against the use of genetic engineering and make a conclusion on whether or not I believe that it is right. As I believe in genetic engineering, I will start buy looking at the reasons that support it. The main reason that I support genetic engineering is that this technology has dramatically improved our ability to treat and even cure

The Benefits Genetic Engineering for Medical Purposes

957 words - 4 pages disease (NIH, FAQ's, 1). Did you know that with the science of DNA manipulation, animal cadavers can be turned into insulin for diabetics? Back in the 80's scientists isolated the human gene for insulin and transferred it into bacteria. Now bacteria cultures are used to produce large amounts of human insulin. DNA manipulation is especially important in medicine, where it holds the hope of curing genetic diseases such as Huntington's, and

The Genetic Engineering Debate

1694 words - 7 pages genetic engineering debate. Dignity is the state or quality of being worthy of honor or respect. Some say that dignity has to be earned and others say you are born with it. Cameron and Williamson declare that the definition for an embryo is “an animal in the early stages of growth before hatching; developing unborn human during the first eight weeks after conception” (Cameron and Williamson 217). Cameron and Williamson determine how an embryo

The need to develop healthy public policy

1360 words - 5 pages makes health choices possible or easier for citizens. It makes social and physical environments health-enhancing. In the pursuit of healthy public policy, government sectors concerned with agriculture, trade, education, industry, and communications need to take into account health as an essential factor when formulating policy. Equity, access and development 000 Closing the health gap between socially and educationally disadvantaged people and more

Genetic Engineering: The Solution to Hunger and Disease

1591 words - 6 pages anyone have about healing the sick? I am certain Anderson was talking about Eugenics; the use of GE to choose your child’s characteristics: looks, intelligence, physical features, etc. That part of GE is for another time, another argument, another essay. And finally III, it is appalling to think that someone would be concerned about a few cows while entire nations of our fellow human beings are starving. With this in mind, Genetic Engineering is

The Benefits of Genetic Engineering

3305 words - 13 pages same thing with genetic engineering. Sure, it has the potential for evil, but its benefits surely outweigh its risks. It just needs some laws to regulate it. Laws can help keep genetic engineering under control. Laws can be created so that no job can require you to be genetically screened. This can help cut down on the prejudice in the work-force. Also, there have to be people who make sure that the geneticists are doing something constructive

Similar Essays

The Human Genetic Engineering Debate Essay

2276 words - 9 pages , the ability to control the effects of genetic engineering begin to come into question. Although the arguments for the use of human genetic engineering are medical, the main, popular market for the technology will be genetic enhancement. This is also currently known as “designer babies.” The name entails that parents will have the ability to pick out desirable traits they want in their children. These traits can range from choosing gender, hair

Human Genetic Engineering In Beneficial To Society

1836 words - 7 pages implantation, which is used occasionally today to avoid hereditary diseases or to choose gender, genetic discoveries can become a sort of artificial evolution. By changing the genes in embryos before implantation, humanity has the potential to control many aspects of its offspring. The human race should welcome human genetic engineering, because the technology will inevitably be used, is ethically sound, and provides opportunity for advancement

Human Genetic Engineering Essay

1640 words - 7 pages allow parents to choose the desired traits for their children. Negative outcomes of this technology may include the transmission of harmful diseases and the production of genetic mutations. The benefits of human genetic engineering outweigh the risks by providing mankind with cures to multiple deadly diseases. Human genetic engineering has the capability to transmit usually fatal diseases. Although transmission is highly unlikely, it is one of the

Genetic Engineering: Is The Human Race Ready?

1491 words - 6 pages the technology now before anything like this can happen. Regulation is something that will definitely need to go hand in hand with the development of human genetic engineering. It is a very amazing technology that can do many wonderful things, but it needs to have limits. Humans are human, even good things become corrupt at some point. On one hand, there is this technology that proposes a way for humans to do miraculous things such as finding