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The Need For Stricter Drunk Driving Laws: An Outline

1081 words - 5 pages

Attention-Getting Device
Did you know that every 20 minutes one American life is lost to an alcohol related crash? Or that www.duistats.com states that every year, 708,000 persons are injured in alcohol related crashes and 74, 000 of those people suffer serious injuries. Well according to The Criminal Law Handbook: Know Your Rights, Survive the System if you are convicted of DUI and it is only your first offense you will only receive 3-5 yrs probation, up to a $1,000 fine, and possibly 6 months in jail. Now that seems like nothing compared to someone else’s life don’t you think?

Thesis Statement
Today, I am going to briefly review some major reasons why we need Stricter Drunk driving laws.

Preview
First, I will review how drunk driving has become a problem. Next, I will explain some of the reasons drunk driving has increased. And finally, I will discuss some of the solutions to drunk driving.

Body

I. Lenient DUI laws have created a problem.

A. While drunk drivers who cause injuries or deaths may spend some time behind bars as punishment for their actions, for their victims the accident can often be a life sentence. Drunk driving has lifelong ramifications for those who are injured and who must live the rest of their lives with pain, disability, isolation, medical bills, or the loss of loved ones. While drunk-driving offenders can usually reclaim a normal life after their eventual release from jail, victims may never regain the normalcy that was taken from them so abruptly.
B. According to a National Survey published in the May 2007 issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, alcohol related car accidents have increased by 17% since 2004.
C. Of every 200 to 2,000 alcohol impaired drivers on the road, only one is arrested. Therefore, the probability of getting caught is slim.
D. Of those who are caught, very few receive a serious penalty.
E. The costs are enormous, according to the National Highway Transportation Safety Administration (NHTSA). Each drunken-driving fatality costs about $3.2 million in monetary losses—an estimated $45 billion annually—and injuries cost more than $110 billion a year.

Transition: Having reviewed the problems that lenient drunk driving laws create we will now look at some of the reasons why drunk driving has increased.

II. Drunk driving has not yet been taken seriously by America.

A. As said by John Valenti a columnist for Newsday, America has one of the highest Blood Alcohol Content standards in the world.
1. The legal BAC limit in the U.S. is .08% but in countries such as Sweden it is .02%.
a. Essentially a driver there could be arrested for DUI after only one or two sips of alcohol.
b. In turn this keeps the number of alcohol related collisions to a minimum
2. In the US submitting to a Blood Alcohol test or Breathalyzer test is discretionary.
a. Many countries use random breath testing to enforce DUI standards, according to the article America Needs Stricter Drunk Driving Laws. Police in...

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