There have been negative views associated with drinking alcohol such as the negative consequences individuals may experience, which range from long term health problems for example: liver disease and strokes, to short term social problems such as anti-social and deviant behaviour and more prominently crime. The Criminal Justice Act 1967, s.91(1) states [Any] person who in any public place is guilty, while drunk, of disorderly behaviour is guilty of an offence. The Licensing Act 1872, s.12 states that it is an offence to be ‘found drunk in any highway or other public place, whether a building or not, or on any licensed premises. The Licensing Act 2003, s.142 states a person commits an offence if, on relevant premises, he knowingly obtains or attempts to obtain alcohol for consumption by a person who is drunk.
Recently, alcohol related crimes have risen dramatically and the importance and repetition of these crimes have been universally recognized. Alcohol related crimes are usually referred to two main categories: driving under the influence of alcohol, to offences against people and criminal damage. Alcohol has been recognized as one of the most prominent influence in a high number of assault crimes; for instance in murder, rape and muggings, hence the idea that people who consume alcohol are more likely to display violent behaviour has been widely acknowledged (Felson 2007). In Britain 6.4 million British adults are heavy drinkers; males consume 21-50 units a week; while females consume 14-35 units a week. 1.8 million British adults are very heavy drinkers; males in excess of 50 units a week and females in excess of 35 units a week. Figures from the Office for National Statistics (ONS) suggest that people who claimed they drank heavily or frequently fell between 2007 and 2011; the proportion of men drinking on five or more days a week fell from 23% in 1998 to 16% in 2011 and that of women from 13% to 9%; the drop became apparent after 2007. “Men and women are over 45 are consistently more likely than younger people to drink that often. Heavy drinking (more than eight units on at least one day in the past week for men, six for women) has also dropped. Heavy drinkers among men ages 16-24 fell from 32% in 2007 to 22% in 2011, and among women of the same age from 24% to 18%.”
Research by MORI in 2001 found that: 61% of the sample believed that alcohol related violence was becoming more prevalent in the street; 52% believed that it was increasing in pubs, clubs and bars and 40% believed it to be on the rise in the home; 71% of those aged between 55 and 64 believed that alcohol related street violence was getting worse.
“A number of factors were common amongst those who misuse alcohol and those who offend: disrupted family background; poor social skills; educational problems; having a ‘risk-seeking’ personality; involvement with delinquents and ‘Macho’ cultural norms about drinking (Thom and Francome, 2001)”. Some figures suggest that...