The Negative Effects Of Automobile Emissions Pollution

2288 words - 9 pages

The Negative Effects of Automobile Emissions Pollution

Charles Dickens wrote about the dirty conditions of London, England by saying, "Smoke lowering down from chimney pots, making a soft black drizzle, with flakes of soot in it as big as full-grown snowflakes – gone into mourning, one might imagine, for the death of the sun . . . Fog everywhere . . . fog down the river, where it rolls defiled among the tiers of shipping, and the waterside pollutions of a great (and dirty) city" (Qtd. Langone 28). The problem with the air back in Dickens’ day was all of the coal that was burned for heat and power. Today, we do not often use coal in our individual homes or businesses, but we still have a big problem with our air. Automobiles are our main problem today. In almost every large metropolitan area in the world, the effects of the pollution released from the cars can be seen, smelt and felt by the average person. When science and technology step in and actually measure the amounts of pollution present, the effects become even more shocking.

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) measures the amount of pollution in our air on a scale they call the Pollution Standards Index or the PSI. This scale measures several different pollutants including: carbon monoxide, ground-level ozone, lead, nitrogen dioxide, particulate matter and sulfur dioxide (EPA 2). Automobiles contribute to four of the six pollutants measured on the scale: Carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, particulate matter and nitrogen dioxide (Patterson 6). The scale also explains at what levels the pollutants become unhealthy and what we should do to protect ourselves. At the Good and Moderate levels of the scale, there are no serious health effects found. At the Unhealthful level, people with heart or respiratory problems are advised to reduce physical exertion, and the general population should avoid vigorous outdoor activity. The Very Unhealthful level advises people to avoid outdoor activity and people with heart and lung problems should stay indoors and avoid all activity. At this level, there are widespread irritation symptoms among the healthy population. The last level, Hazardous, can cause many serious health problems, including the early onset of disease. It advises that everyone should stay indoors with all doors and windows shut and avoid physical activity of any kind. This level can also cause premature death in the ill and elderly (EPA 4).

The negative effects of automobile emissions pollution were recognized long ago. The Department of Health, Education and Welfare estimated in the late 1950’s that nationwide, cars contribute 48 percent of the carbon monoxide, 4 percent of the sulfur dioxide, 32 percent of the nitrogen oxides, 59 percent of hydrocarbons and 8 percent of the particulate matter in our atmosphere. With all of these figures together, it meant that the automobile was by far the nations largest polluter, being responsible for 43 percent of all air pollution...

Find Another Essay On The Negative Effects of Automobile Emissions Pollution

The Negative Effects of Smoking Essay

2073 words - 8 pages a result of smoking. I thought it would be interesting to research smoking and the negative effects it has and learn just how much damage it causes. In the past century we have learned a ton about smoking and what it really does to the human body. The first tobacco manufacturing center was in Seville, Spain where early cigarettes were made up of scraps from discarded cigar butts, snuff dust, and pipe dottle, all wrapped in scraps of paper. It

The Negative Effects of Walmart Essay

1308 words - 5 pages to defend Wal-Mart by comparing Wal-Mart to other retailers. Even though Karen Olsson and Sebastian Mallaby both examine the negative effects of Wal-Mart, Olsson berates Wal-Mart’s unfair treatment towards employees and the unlivable wages that the world’s largest retailer provides while Mallaby defends Wal-Mart’s actions with reasonable statistics. Both authors talk about the negative views people have on Wal-Mart. However, each author has a

The Negative Effects of Arachnaphobia

612 words - 3 pages A common everyday misconception is that phobias have a positive side effect on your personality, while in reality, phobias have a negative effect on you and your personality. For example, arachnophobia, the fear of spiders, causes one to have a change in personality changes, be unreasonable, and cause negative effects on your life. There have been many new discoveries made about phobias, and multiple treatments found, yet many people still find

The Negative Effects of Hubris

887 words - 4 pages leading to many problems for himself and his crew. Hubris played a negative role in The Odyssey due to Odysseus revealing his identity to Polyphemus, not telling his crew about Aeolus’ bag of winds, and staying with Circe for a year. Excessive pride caused Odysseus to reveal his identity to Polyphemus, which led to many problems. Odysseus and his crew had just managed to escape from the Cyclops, Polyphemus, after driving a stake into his eye

The Negative Effects of Abortion

2711 words - 11 pages abortion, I also want to give information about all the risks and negative effects that come with abortion. This topic is important because, not only are the babies being negatively affected, the mothers also are. There are several physical and psychological problems that can affect the mother. Why should expecting mothers considering abortion look for other options? What is an abortion? An abortion is “the deliberate termination of a human

The Negative Effects of Hubris

707 words - 3 pages As Thomas Jefferson once said, “Pride costs us more than hunger, thirst, and cold”. Hubris causes excessive arrogance in people, and can lead to their downfall. In The Odyssey by Homer, Odysseus, a prideful warrior, tries to get back home to the island of Ithaca. Odysseus’ hubris ends up leading to many problems for himself and his crew. Hubris played a negative role in The Odyssey due to Odysseus revealing his identity to Polyphemus, not

The Negative Effects of Censorship

3851 words - 15 pages uncensored web: Kids are under-prepared for the open web. One of the harmful side effects of CIPA is that many kids who rely on schools and libraries for Internet access are prevented from experiencing the unfiltered web. While in the short-term this supposedly protects children from accessing harmful content, it also robs kids of the chance to learn skills necessary to navigate the web as a whole. When websites such as social networking sites

The Negative Effects of Bullying

1707 words - 7 pages Bullying is a serious problem in homes, schools, and communities. Bullying can have a negative effect on academic, physical, social, and emotional development of anyone involved. It can affect the bully, the bullied, and the bystander. It seems that no matter what type of research is done or how many “anti-bullying” programs are created, the problem still exists. People don’t know how big the bullying issue is. They tend to blow it off or

The Effects of Pollution of Marine Life

1786 words - 7 pages populations and degraded ecosystems in the ocean? It is hypothesized that over the years, ecosystems are going to recover and essentially in the future, increase. The results in this study supported the hypothesis of the research on recovery for certain ecosystems and stated that 10-50% of ecosystems actually show some rate of progression (Lotze, 2011). This has significance when looking at pollution and the effects it has on marine life because

Effects of Pollution Damage on the Environment

947 words - 4 pages no other use. (King County, 2009). People must pay attention how products are packaged and avoid products that harm the environment. The Americans people can do their part by voicing their opinions at the polls and calling their Congress person to support greener alternatives that would create a better world for future generations to live in.ReferencesAltose, Larry, (2001) Health effects from Automobile Emissions, Washington State Department of

The Environmental Effects of Air Pollution

598 words - 3 pages began to expand, the awareness of air pollution has grown havoc towards today. The most severe environmental effects from air pollution are acid rain, ozone depletion, and global climate change. These remain as one of the most possible effects that may cause cataclysm and acid rain continues to grow severe in modern-day life. Acid rain is one of the three main results from air pollution. It is described as precipitation containing precarious

Similar Essays

The Negative Effects Of Marine Pollution

1028 words - 5 pages The perpetrators of the ocean are not aware of the negative impact they are having on the ocean and the marine life that inhabits it. Marine pollution is the cause of materials entering the ocean and harming the marine life as well as the water. Marine pollution has been going on since the beginning of time. As time has gone by the problem has been helped by many organizations and federal governments taking action with this cause by adding laws

The Negative Effects Of Marine Pollution

1270 words - 6 pages facing in the 21st century isn’t just having a negative effect on our marine wildlife it is having a huge effect on our future. Which is the children of the world. Organic pollutants from sewage, nutrient pollution from fertilizer run-off, plastic marine debris, toxic dumping and oil spills, urban runoff and dispersed pollutants combine to create one of the most critical classes of ocean threats the problem. “ Plastics pose a particularly

Fuel Cells The Ultimate Alternative To Combat Automobile Emissions

3209 words - 13 pages . Almost everyone in modernized cities gets around with an automobile. It is the standard item for a person to have. The effect of driving all of these automobiles is having a huge impact on the environment. Those who use cars for transportation are pumping tons of pollution in the air each day. This pollution results in smog, acid rain, and it also supports the greenhouse effect leading to global warming. Even Kenneth Derr, the Chairman and Chief

The Negative Effects Of Deforestation Essay

1261 words - 5 pages deforestation” (Green Peace). Since Brazil contains the Amazon rainforest, the largest rainforest on earth, their level of carbon dioxide emissions should be much lower due to all of the trees existing there to remove it from the air. But, if deforestation continues, it would become increasingly more difficult for Brazil to pull itself out of the hole of pollution. In a study conducted by a team from the University of Leeds and the NERC Centre observing