The Adverse Effects Of Exploration Essay

879 words - 4 pages

When Christopher Columbus left Spain, the place was considered “land of violence, squalor, treachery, and intolerance.” The Spain of that day was so backwards that it was “no different from the rest of Europe.”The only thing that kept these cities from becoming ghost town was “in-migration.” The people would migrate into the city keeping the cities populated, but the diseases would kill the newcomers in a short period of time. The rich people of the day had the food. “the rich ate, and ate in excess, watched by a thousand hungry eyes as thy consumed there gargantuan meals. The rest of the population starved.” Back in these days the price of food would change overnight. The food price effected the poor population so intensely that when the prices fluctuated just a little, thousands of people would die of starvation. Famine in the countryside would force people into the city for help. This sudden increase of people in the city would cause large epidemics of disease because of the poor nutrition of the people who were there to start with. The quality of living in the countryside were slightly better. There was not as much disease as there was in the city, but the country-folk were constantly plagued with crop failure. So although there was not as much disease to cause death, there was an extensive shortage of food causing extensive death to thousands of people. The living conditions within the city were desperate enough that crime was now around every corner. The most common method of surprise would be to drop a rock or piece of masonry from a window and knock their target out. They would then ambush the target taking everything they had on them. With the death toll 1 being so high, large pits were dug in the city. When these pits were filled, they were covered with dirt and forgot about. “As one contemporary … delicately observed: `How noisome the stench is that rises from these holes so stowed with dead bodies, especially in sultry weather and after rain.` ” The wealthy of the time were more worried about where they were going to get their next load of gold. They had begun the crusades four decades prior. New things such as silk, spices fine cotton, and other “fine things” were quickly becoming the prized possessions of Europe. Marco Polo had traveled to China several years earlier. What would have been considered everyday currency in China, would have been worth thousands of pounds back in England. Columbus' incentive for going to India was so he could get these...

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