Women’s rights have come along way since the first feminist movement. Today women have the right to vote, have access to birth control, have the ability to play sports, etc. Advocates for women’s rights might even argue that there is no longer much to be done for women. Aside from the groups who feel as though men and women have equal rights, there is still a large gap between the two genders. The power struggle between men and women has much to do with the current gender gap worldwide. Gender inequality is a multilevel system of differences and disadvantages in socioeconomics and culture. In total, these beliefs produce a mainly male dominant society where male control over socially valued resources and opportunities are far greater than women’s control. Divisions in gender equality in the United States, stemming from the power struggle, pose serious negative implication for women in the job market.
In order to proceed, it is first important to define what is meant by the power struggle. Men and women have since been taught the social norms of their respective gender. Due to this construction at an early age, much of what society views as normal is warped from the teachings of gender. The social construction of gender falls under the scope of Social Constructionist theory. This theory encompasses and concerns itself with the ways people think about and use groupings to arrange experiences and analyze the world (Boghossian, A., Paul, 2001). At large, it suggests that certain aspects of society would not exist if society had not of created the aspect or thing being analyzed.
The avenue of this theory that merits exploration for the purpose of application is concerned with gender. An example of this rests in the 1953 book The Second Sex by Simone Betrand de Beauvoir. Her examination of nature versus nurture in regards to gender represents the first look into the social construction of gender. Betrand de Beauvoir argument is simple. To her, males are not born into the idea of being dominant, it is not nature; instead males are conditioned or nurtured at early developmental stages, learning their power. Similarly, women are not born into the ideas of being passive or seen but not heard. Moreover, women are socialized to believe that a proper woman must embody certain characteristics that make her less than her male counterpart. According to Allan G. Johnson, author of “Patriarchy,” adjectives like “control, strength, efficiency, competitiveness, toughness, [and] coolness under pressure” are typically used to describe men (Johnson, G., Allan, 2006). Control and toughness on the surface seem like harmless and common masculine traits; however, these two words take the first step into the violence against women world.
Male and female are words to categorize gender, but often times these words take on further meanings and implications. The World Health Organization defines gender as “the socially constructed roles, behavior, activities and...