The Negative Effects Of Marine Pollution

1028 words - 5 pages

The perpetrators of the ocean are not aware of the negative impact they are having on the ocean and the marine life that inhabits it. Marine pollution is the cause of materials entering the ocean and harming the marine life as well as the water. Marine pollution has been going on since the beginning of time. As time has gone by the problem has been helped by many organizations and federal governments taking action with this cause by adding laws to try and protect the oceans from many harms. Most people are just now realizing how bad the situation is and are taking little yet not enough effort to help the situation.
The history of Marine Pollution goes way back to the early human life but the most of it took place in the 1900’s to this present day. Till the early 1970’s it was acceptable to throw all your trash in the ocean. Many of the things thrown in the water were anything from toxics, chemical weaponry, radioactive waste, plastic to even pesticides. It wasn’t until the late 1960’s when governments worldwide had a conference to talk about controlling the dumping of substances in the ocean yet it wasn’t until 1996 when people took a major step in the regulation of ocean dumping. In the 1970’s 17 million tons of industrial waste had been dumped in the ocean the number reduced the following decade to 8 million tons (Marine Bio). People find it easier to dump their junk in the ocean because it was far more cheaper than disposing it properly.
Oil, fertilizers, debris, radioactive waste, sewage disposals, underwater noise pollution and toxic chemicals are all thing that are found in the ocean and cause pollution. Most of these thing gets to our oceans from deliberate dumping and run-offs. The amount of waste that is in the ocean today has been there for about 60 years. About 80 percent of the pollution is caused by land based activities (WWF). Plastic is one of the major thing found in the ocean today. In some places of the water the ratio of plastic to plankton is 6:1 and in other places the ratio is as high as 48:1. Just California itself removed about 1.3 million pounds of debri in 2011 (Thank You Ocean).
There are very sensitive habits in the ocean that are at risk because of all the things that are going inside the ocean. Oil spills are a big are a big part of marine pollution, 36 percent of the spills come from drains. Fertilizers come from farms and lawns. The extra nutrients that get into the water cause eutrophication that causes marine life to suffocate to death. Garbage that goes in the ocean includes: plastic, bags, glass bottles, packing materials, cigarette butts, etc. Animals tend to confuse plastic for food and when the animals are dead scientist look inside them to see why they died and they realize they have large amounts of plastic inside their stomach that made them eventually die. Many of these things take years to...

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