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The Negative Effects Of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

1190 words - 5 pages

Posttraumatic stress disorder is one of the most common and most life altering stress disorders in the world (Seedat, 2013). After going through traumatic events, many children, teenagers and elderly people show symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder. It is caused by a traumatic event that alters a person’s every day life. The people suffering from this disorder start to show symptoms with small things that bother them from day to day such as getting angry and taking it out on their family, having a short temper, etc. They can also begin to re-live the traumatic event that shocked them, have nightmares about it or have flashbacks of it as well (Seedat, 2013). People with posttraumatic stress disorder are generally always anxious, nervous and on guard (Kolk & Najavits, 2013). Gladly, there are treatments to help with PTSD. Unfortunately; treatments do not work for all cases. There have been many cases of elderly people who have suffered from posttraumatic stress disorder in the past who show recurring symptoms years later. (Murray, 2005).
Posttraumatic stress disorder has greatly affected children and teens who have suffered the loss of a loved one. A study of 332 children and teens that have gotten psychosocial support after losing a loved one was conducted and all of them showed symptoms of PTSD afterward. They grieved; some were depressed and could not function. Afterward their symptoms fit into the 4-factor numbing model assessment, (King et al, psychological assessment 10) which contain re-experiencing, avoidance, emotional numbing and hyper arousal. These children and teens start to persistently get flashbacks, nightmares, memories or react negatively to anything that reminds them of the event. This is called re-experiencing and it is the first step of the 4-factor numbing model. Then, they experienced avoidance where they completely avoided talking about the event and even trying to completely stop thinking about it. Later, they started being unable to feel certain emotions. They started to feel numb and this prevented them from doing things that they usually would have and from living their lives normally. Finally, they experienced hyper arousal which interfered with their sleeping patterns, caused them to get irritated and annoyed easily, to have a short fuse and to have outbursts and to have difficulty concentrating (King et al.,).
Originally, PTSD was published as a disorder in the DSM-III in 1980 and it was mostly studied in the veteran’s from the Vietnam War. Back then, they thought that PTSD was only associated to combat-related stress. Today, we know that PTSD affects people of all ages who go through many different kinds of stress (Karner, 2008). However, studying PTSD in the Vietnam veteran’s is how they came to find that after combat, some of these men were suffering from Delayed Stress Syndrome (Wilson, 1980). Delayed Stress Syndrome is the symptoms that occurred right after combat and some that occurred long after. This...

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