Throughout World War II the Netherlands was a place of oppression and starvation as more than 200,000 Dutch were killed. The German rule of Holland began in 1940 and ended in 1945. A few of the major events in this time period was the royal Dutch family being exiled, the hunger winter, the bombing of Rotterdam, Operation Market Garden, and the Dutch resistance.
At the point when the Netherlands was attacked on May 10, 1940, the Dutch people were not ready for Nazi Occupation. For the Netherlands, the activities of the Nazis were inconceivable, because of their stance of neutrality since World War One. There was a mixed response to the orders of the occupying power and the Dutch were not united in their action. Whereas the majority of the Dutch population organized resistance movements that helped place Jews into hiding, others aided the Allies, while still others actively thwarted the Nazis. In many areas, such as the economy and with the underground movement, the Dutch actively ...view middle of the document...
The result of the war and the breakdown of the transport system caused
catastrophic holdups in supplies, resulting in the Hunger Winter. A few
common remedies were established, but many citizens in the Randstad region
(Amsterdam, Utrecht, Rotterdam, and The Hague) received food that contained
less than half the necessary nutritional requirements. More than 20,000 people starved to
death or died as a result of dietary deficiencies, while the black market flourished
and improved into a largely accepted and essential institution. Although prices
sometimes exceeded the official rates by more than 100 percent, tens of thousands of
Dutch people left the towns for the countryside, in hopes of finding a larger supply of
food. While the German military régime, expecting an Allied invasion, set about to
remove the population from the coastal provinces, this bulk emigration further tarnished
economic circumstances, making the economy beyond the scope of any relief measure.
Economic and social conditions increased the willingness of many Dutch people to
partake in resistance activities as the actions of the secret resistance
organizations grow more efficient and start to influence the German régime and their
Dutch contacts with some intensity. With their lives threatened, many Dutch
were eager to aid the resistance in order to satisfy themselves and their families. Operation Market Garden was a failed Allied military operation, fought in the Netherlands and Germany in the Second World War. It was the greatest airborne operation up to that period. Allied forces attempted to drop around 15,000 troops into the Netherlands in hopes of reclaiming the country. At first the operation seemed mildly successful, but German forces soon reclaimed lost land, resulting in a failure for the Allied powers.
The establishment of a resistance maneuver within the Netherlands was troublesome
due to Holland's geography and their unpreparedness for the occupation. The
secret organizations were fortunate in hiding the Onderduikers and supply the Allies with precious intelligence. However, many other Dutch accepted the Nazi management or cooperated with their regime, and prevented
help to many more Jews. If more of the Dutch had been involved with resistance organizations, many more lives could have been saved.