The Neuman Systems Model Essay

1604 words - 6 pages

The Neuman Systems Model applies a comprehensive and holistic approach to the care of patients based on the five variables. According to Parker and Smith (2010), the Neuman System Model is described as, “wellness orientation, client perception and motivation, and a dynamic systems perspective of energy and variable interaction with the environment to mitigate possible harm from internal and external stressors” (p. 183). The patient/ family are the client system and interrelate with the five variables namely; the physiological, psychological, sociocultural, developmental, and spiritual beliefs. The Neuman System Model has been used in diverse settings such as, in critical nursing, psychiatric nursing, gerontological nursing, and for teaching purposes. In the United States, “the model is used to guide practice with clients with acute and chronic health problems” (Parker & Smith, 2010, p. 192).
As further explained by Parker and Smith (2010), the client system is the core: a person, individual, or community and the core interact with the flexible lines of defense, the normal lines of defense, and the lines of resistance. The client system is constantly affected by internal and external stressors. The goal of nurses in applying the Neuman System Model is, “to maximizing the quality of life lived, maintaining the highest level of independence possible, and preventing exacerbations of the on-going illness” (Ebersole, Hess, Touhy, Jett, and Luggen, 2008, p. 258).
Mrs. J is a 79-year-old African-American female client, who lives with her husband in a wheelchair accessible home. She has always been a home maker, enjoys cooking the family meals, and raising the grandchildren. Mrs. J is a mother of three children with great family support and loves the outdoors. She has multiple medical conditions: adult onset diabetes, moderate obesity, indigestion, hypertension, chronic heart failure, depression, and currently, still smoking. She uses the wheelchair frequently due to painful swollen knee. She also has a walker to aid with ambulation. She has lost about 20 pounds in the last three months. Her husband’s health is declining, but her children and family members are very supportive. She takes a lot of medication and uses inhalers. She has the government medical health insurance and social security income. She used to go to church, and was an active member until her worsening respiratory status. Some church members do visit occasionally.
She was able to accomplish most of her tasks and activities of daily living until she was admitted to the Medical Intensive Care Unit with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) exacerbation. During the course of this admission, she has developed new onset of confusion, oxygen dependency, and fatigue. Mrs. J has recovered significantly; her vital signs are within normal ranges; her mental status and respiratory has improved, and overall assessment indicates that Mrs. J is ready for discharge home. ...

Find Another Essay On The Neuman Systems Model

effects of puberty on the adolescent brain - adolescent psychology - short paper

632 words - 3 pages or abstract thoughts may be the most meaningful change in the adolescent phase. Each of the other accomplishments during adolescent is impacted by their thought process (Neuman and Neuman, 2003). As adolescents learn how to break issues down, manage distinct roles in life and interacting with other value systems; they will clarify for themselves how they need to act, what is expected of them and what they choose to believe (Neuman and Neuman

Utility of Research in a Grand Nursing Theory

1619 words - 6 pages fellow theorists Chardin and Cornu:Wholness in Systems, Bertalanfy and Lazlo: General Systems Theory, Selye: Stress Theory and Lazaraus: Stress and Coping. Major Assumptions, Concepts and Relationships A holistic approach to the care of patients, “The Neuman Systems Model fits well with the holistic concept of optimizing a dynamic yet stable interrelationship of spirit, mind, and body of the client in a constantly changing environment and society

Spirituality and Religion

1210 words - 5 pages In the early 1970’s, Betty Neuman created a holistically based, open-system theory to aid nurses in organizing the voluminous information needed to deal with complex client situations (Meleis, 2007, p.307). One component of the Neuman Systems Model is spirituality, which is described as being related to beliefs and influences that are spiritual. It should be noted that this was absent in her initial conceptualization and was developed later

Advantages of the Common Core State Standards

769 words - 4 pages , students, and school systems. School Systems First, the school systems benefit from the CCSS. The Common Core State Standards allow students, teachers, parents and school administrators to be on the same page (Neuman and Roskos, 2013, p 9), and not have different ideas of what should be taught. Pfiffner (2013) states that school systems will be able to create a strong foundation and improve on academic and behavioral outcomes of students

Euclidean and Fractal Models around a Pumping Well in Fractured Rocks

982 words - 4 pages in 2007 [Tartakovsky and Neuman, 2007], a wide range of models has been developed. Using the diagnostic plot allows for the replacement of all these specialized tools with a simple and unique technique that can be applied to any new solutions [Renard et al., 2009]. In order to identify which model can be used to interpret these data, one needs to compare the diagnostic plot with a set of typical diagnostic plots such as those shown in Figure 1

Nursing Theories

1110 words - 4 pages Rogers and Betty Neuman were developed at roughly the same point in time, which means that different theories can arise out of the same general world situation. Rogers Science of Unitary Beings illustrates a truly holistic view, as it hypothesizes that human beings and their environment are energy fields which are irreducible elements of the universe. On the other hand, Neuman uses a systematic model to describe human-environment interaction

Comprehensive Plans

1278 words - 5 pages , the most important change that had occurred over the period of time in planning thinking should be the way the focus had shifted from physical aspects of a city to community participation and intermittent process involved in making a plan. “Thus since the early 1960s, the plan has not occupied center stage” (Neuman 1998, 208). This Plans performed a secondary role, sometimes even as flexible documents to support the process. In the end the Planning

An Organizational Structure Based on Risk and Quality Fundamentals

1317 words - 6 pages take place or a major change is to be introduced, one or two stages may be temporarily suspended; for instance a finding deriving from an accident investigation may require the holding of the operations until the “Plan” stage issues remedial actions and the “Check” function searches for further data. Figure 3 presents the aforementioned concept. Works Cited 1. ASNZS (2008), Quality Management Systems – Requirements AS/NZS ISO9001: 2008

Critiquing a Quantitative Study

1840 words - 7 pages circulation in the preoperative period, thus increasing tissue oxygenation (Andrzejowski, Hyle, Eapen & Turnbull, 2008). Theoretical of Conceptual Framework A theoretical framework was not clearly spelled out in this research article; however research on prewarming patients in the surgical setting can be easily based on the Neuman Systems Model. This model focuses on client assessment and response to environmental stressors which is consistent with

Nursing Metaparadigm and Nursing Theory

1245 words - 5 pages , nurses can focus their care interventions to address the problem more effectively, which will lead to better outcomes. Neuman’s Systems Model of Nursing Theory The Neuman systems model is a nursing theory that is concerned with the person as a whole and uses an open systems approach of care to address an individuals stressors. The nurse assesses, manages and evaluates the patients systems and focuses on the variables affecting the client’s response

Roundup Ready Crops

2299 words - 10 pages altered, there is less chance that the flu virus to become immune to the vaccination. In the since of Roundup Ready cropping, farmers need to changes the chemical they use to lower the chance that the weeds will become tolerant to the chemical. Weed tolerance to Roundup is an example of “Darwin Evolution in fast forward” (Neuman and Pollack ). For weeds, this is survival of the fittest. If a chemical is not applied to vegetation properly the vegetation

Similar Essays

Neuman Systems Model Essay

745 words - 3 pages The Neuman Systems Model was developed by Betty Neuman in an effort to teach an introductory nursing course to students. The model’s focus is on the wellness of the patient, known as the client, relative to environmental stressors and the reactions to those stressors (Fawcett, 2001). The main goal of the model is stress reduction. The model explains how humans are interrelated products built from physiological, psychological, sociocultural

The Major Components, Strengths, And Limitations Of Urie Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Systems Model

875 words - 4 pages Developmental psychologist Urie Bronfenbrenner first introduced the Ecologicial Systems model in the 1970’s. Bronfenbrenner argued that to understand human development, the environment in which the person belongs must be understood (Bronfenbrenner, U.1979). The Ecological Systems model concentrically depicts how a person’s development is influenced by their wider environment. In the original model there were four ecological levels in the system

The Application Of Model Predictive Control (Mpc) To Fast Systems Like Autonomous Ground Vehicles (Agv)

2288 words - 9 pages Car-like Vehicle Models A car-like vehicle resembles completely an automobile. It consists of four wheels for locomotion and is capable of being steered from one place to another. Car-like vehicles model can be classified as rear-wheel, front-wheel and four-wheel driving ground vehicles. For a rear wheel drive vehicle, the rear tires handle the engine dynamics while the front only needs to handle the steering forces. Figure 2, depicts the

Nursing Theories Essay

1126 words - 5 pages In 1970, Betty Neuman developed her own theory to provide nursing educators and students with a new concept of human experience and health (Parker, 2006, p. 281). “The Neuman Systems Model provides a comprehensive, flexible, holistic, and systems-based perspective for nursing” (Neuman as quoted in Parker, 2006, p. 282). This theory has many implications for clinical use, and it lends itself to use in many nursing situations. The Neuman Systems