The New Deal And The Civil Rights Legislation Of The 1960s

1079 words - 5 pages

The New Deal of the 1930s and the civil rights legislation and movements of the 1960s were very different in what they did, but shared a common goal of bettering the country when they were introduced, and making the country better in the future. The New Deal of the 1930s and its programs were able to help millions of Americans get their feet back on the ground after the Great Depression. Civil rights legislation of the 1960s helped African-Americans get the respect and equality they deserved after slavery had been eradicated.
Prior to the 1960s, there were a few attempts to pass civil rights bills. During the early 1960s, many believed it was time to finally pass civil rights bills that would make a serious impact on the country as a whole. The goal of civil rights legislation was to completely desegregate the blacks and whites, and had a vision of peace of equality.
Martin Luther King Jr. wanted a demonstration, or protest, of the situation of the blacks and whites to be held in the most segregated city in the United States, Birmingham, Alabama. The Birmingham March took place between April and May of 1963. The protests and rallies were both peaceful and nonviolent. However, the police got tired of the daily protests and arrested hundreds that they found to be responsible for taking part in them and used unnecessary force, such as high pressured
water hoses.
As a result of these protests, President Kennedy made an announcement speaking out against racism and segregation on TV, and shortly after he came out with a civil rights bill in June of 1963. To gain support for this bill, a large carpool of buses and trains went to the Lincoln Memorial for the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, where Martin Luther King Jr. delivered his famous“I Have a Dream Speech”. The Civil Rights Act was approved by congress in June of 1964. The Act outlawed many aspects of segregation and discrimination based off many different groups of people, such as race, religion, sex, and nationality. The word sex was added to this act at the last minute and was almost not included.
The Civil Rights Act did not, however, rid policies that made it harder for African-Americans to vote. Because of this, protests erupted again. There was a major campaign in Mississippi that attracted approximately 1,000 white college students and several thousand volunteers to show support for black voting rights. Not everybody supported African-American voting rights and four civil rights workers were murdered along with thirty-seven black churches being destroyed in counter-protests.
On August 6, 1965, the Voting Rights Act passed. This Act outlawed literacy tests and other policies, which were designed to prevent blacks from becoming registered voters. In addition, federal examiners were sent to register voters in areas where than 50% of blacks were registered to vote. This Act, along with the 24th amendment, which outlawed poll tax, made it possible for...

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