Denominations that came out of the Millerite Movement
The Millerite movement was almost over by the time of Miller’s death, but Himes, who refused to give up on the Advent message, established an Adventist movement with his son. He also launched a series of publications such as the Advent Christian Times. He ended up returning to his original church, the Episcopalian church, before his death in 1896 at the age of 91 (Vitteli). By that time, many Adventist churches had been created throughout the country. Miller’s message led to the creation of several denominations such as the Seventh-Day Adventist Church, Jehovah’s Witnesses, the Church of God, General Conference Church of God, the Advent Christian Church, the Sabbath Rest Advent Church, etc… This paper will focus on the Seventh-Day Adventist Church and Jehovah’s Witnesses.
The Seventh-Day Adventists
The Seventh-Day Adventist Church is one of the Protestant denominations that grew out of the Millerite movement. After the "Great Disappointment", the few believers that did not lose faith in the Second Coming of Jesus and later accepted the teaching of the seventh-day Sabbath became known as Seventh-Day Adventists ("Adventists"). It was established on May 21, 1863, in Battle Creek, Michigan as 125 small sects and 3,500 members joined together. The headquarters is presently located in Silver Spring, Maryland (Seventh-day Adventist Church). The Seventh-Day Adventist Church (SDA) developed 28 fundamental beliefs based wholly on the Bible. Some of these beliefs, identical to the Protestant beliefs, include: the Holy Trinity, the Ten Commandments, the Holy Scriptures, the Baptism, and the Salvation by Jesus Christ. On the other hand, the Adventist Church has some unique features which differentiate it from other denominations.
The primary difference is the day of Sabbath. According to the SDA website, “The seventh day of the week, Saturday, is observed as the day of rest, worship, and ministry in harmony with the teaching and practice of Jesus, the Lord of the Sabbath”; it also mentioned that Adventists “observe this holy time from Friday evening to Saturday evening, from sunset to sunset, as a celebration of God's creative and redemptive acts” (Seventh-day Adventist Church). Another belief is the "Gift of Prophecy". The belief is that: prophecy, which is a gift from the Holy Spirit, was manifested into Ellen White (Seventh-day Adventist Church). He is thus considered as a prophet. Adventists also observe various dietary laws rooted in the Hebrew Scriptures, including the abstinence from eating pork, shellfish, and other unclean foods as defined in Leviticus 11, as well as of tobacco and alcohol ("Adventists"). According to Peggy, Adventists are not required to follow these rules, and as a result, only 40 percent of them are vegetarian. They are also prohibited to wear jewelry, but in fact, many of them have pierced ears and wear cultural ornaments to church.
Ultimately, the Adventist Church...