This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Nomination Of William Rehnquist To The Supreme Court And The Power Of A Supreme Court Chief Justice

1102 words - 4 pages

Established in Article III of the United States constitution, The U.S. Supreme Court is the only federal branch that is comprised of non-elected members. Justices are appointed by the President with the advice and consent of Congress. The court adjudicates cases that arise through U.S. Constitutional issues (as opposed to state issues), U.S. laws and treaties, interstate cases and cases where a state itself or the U.S. is a party in the case. The Supreme Court has both original and appellate jurisdiction. That is, the court hears cases that originated in the Court itself (e.g. cases involving a state), and cases that have passed through other, lower federal courts with one party finding reasons to appeal. The court interprets the Constitution as it applies to a case, and it attempts to make a decision that most benefits the society of the time. This interpretation stands as the law until the court itself reverses it and deems it unconstitutional. As one can see, the court has immense power and influence on the country and public policy. Consequently, the justices that make up the court, as individuals, heavily influence public policy. The court has seen as little as six and as many as ten justices serving at one time, including a Chief Justice. Often viewed as the embodiment of the court, the Chief justice's personality, judicial outlook and intellect can mold the courts image in public opinion and set the tone for what decisions are made and how. Thus, it is no surprise that for the past thirty years, the decisions and preferences of Chief Justice William Rehnquist have shaped the actions of the United States Supreme Court and the law.
William Rehnquist received a law degree from Stanford University's Law School, where he graduated at the top of his class. At his time in law school, Rehnquist was selected for clerkship under Supreme Court Judge Robert H. Jackson. After finishing his clerkship, Rehnquist moved to Arizona where he practiced law as a partner in a law firm. During the presidential election of 1964, Rehnquist became active in the Republican Party and was the lawyer for Republican Presidential Candidate Barry Goldwater. Throughout his law career, Rehnquist always maintained conservative ideologies. When Nixon was later elected P resident, Rehnquist was appointed deputy attorney general in the Justice Department's Office of Legal Counsel. William Rehnquist is a highly accomplished individual to say the least. His many achievements worthy of distinction earned him the nomination for Supreme Court Judge by former President Richard Nixon. In 1971, after the retirement of Justice John Marshall Harlan, The Nixon administration nominated Rehnquist as Harlan's replacement.
In his previous efforts to nominate two Supreme Court Justices, Richard Nixon sought to elect southern conservatives. After two failed nominations, which he accredited to an anti-south Democratic Senate, Nixon nominated the most qualified...

Find Another Essay On The Nomination Of William Rehnquist To The Supreme Court And The Power Of A Supreme Court Chief Justice

The Political Supreme Court Essay

587 words - 2 pages .      Since it is obvious that the election of justices to the Supreme Court is as political in roots as any other election it is safe to say that it is now above politics. It suffers from the same fate as another other appointment because all decisions fall under public scrutiny and it is the public who will reelect the president. The interest groups, the media, and the politcal background and characteristics of the appointment all play major roles in the selection of a justice and is a highly political event. Sources: http://press-pubs.uchicago.edu/sunstein/ http://www.statenews.org/news/2000/august/opr-081000-01.html (is realaudio file also)

Judicial Process of the Supreme Court

1167 words - 5 pages Court to exercise its power by shifting its system under the Constitutional laws of the United States. Throughout the Supreme Court, many cases have been rejected and are deposed of, but the Supreme Court approves only certain cases. Thus, the Supreme Court reconciles the issue of that specific case, which is then obtained and written by the Chief Justice of the Court as the final conclusion. Cases that are controversial result in great effect in the

The Supreme Court Opinions of Clarence Thomas

1805 words - 7 pages The Supreme Court has embraced its objective to assist the government in its framework and structuring through law as well as the interpretation of the law. However, plenty of their work has remained a mystery to the general public. Jeffrey Toobin enlightened the audience in The Nine: Inside the Secret World of the Supreme Court; however, most curious to me was the manner in which Jeffrey Toobin speculates that Justice Thomas, a Justice he has

Important Cases Of The Us Supreme Court

731 words - 3 pages Important Cases of the US Supreme Court The United States Supreme Court has interpreted the constitutional guarantees contained in amendments to the constitution. Among these Guaranteed rights are the freedoms of religion, speech, and press, along with the right of protection against illegal search and seizure, equal protection under the law, and the right to counsel. These rights all contained in the first amendment to the constitution are

Bias of the canadan supreme court

916 words - 4 pages attention to the process, and thus educate the people, this article fails in doing so.The Western Standard on the other hand is built more like a profile on the prospective Supreme Court Judges. Granted it is in-depth look at some key attribute of the prospective judges. The writer seems to slant them as negatives by adjective choice. Both have extensive use of quotes but Cosh also backs up his arguments with other facts.Though Cosh does not directly

Does The Supreme Court Abuse Its Power?

2173 words - 9 pages Does The Supreme Court Abuse Its Power? There have been many complaints and theories of how the Supreme Court has a tendency to act as a "supra-legislature" (Woll 153). It is proposed that the Supreme Court takes the power to make laws and set policies which rightfully belongs to the Congress and state legislatures. They state that Justices exceed their authorized powers of judicial review and read their own opinions and

A Brief History of the US Supreme Court

1044 words - 5 pages Marbury v. Madison. In this choice, the Chief Justice affirmed that the Supreme Court's obligation to topple unconstitutional enactment was a vital outcome of its sworn obligation to maintain the Constitution. That promise couldn't be satisfied whatever available way. "It is vehemently the territory of the legal office to say what the law is," he proclaimed. The Constitution and the Supreme Court: the Constitution is clear about the position of the

The Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Supreme Court

765 words - 4 pages Court Invalidates..”) The Supreme Court decision was that the Voting Rights Act of 1965 is no longer relevant since states do not judge based on voting discrimination since the Civil right Era. Chief Justice John G. Roberts Jr. stated, “our country has changed” in a 5-4 court ruling. As the Supreme Court finds that the Congress has exceeds itself under the 15th amendment, which guarantees that voting rights cannot be denied based on race. As of

U.S. Supreme Court and the Impact of Sentencing

1753 words - 7 pages convictions in the case of Curtis v. United States. Chief Justice Rehnquist committed on the case, ?The Supreme Court, in a 6-3 opinion, held that with the sole exception of convictions obtained in violation of the right to counsel, a defendant in a federal sentencing procedure does not have a right to collaterally attack the validity of previous state convictions that are used to enhance his sentence under the Armed Career Criminal Act. The defendant

The United States Supreme Court

1975 words - 8 pages THE UNITED STATESSUPREMECOURTI've chosen to research on the Supreme Court and it's Justices. This seemed like an interesting topic to me, because someday I want to be a part of the legal system.The Supreme Court of the United States, composed of a chief justice and eight associate justices, is at the apex of the U.S. judicial system. Provisions for the making of the Supreme Court were made in Article III of the U.S. Constitution. In addition to

The United States Supreme Court

670 words - 3 pages the law is constitutional or not.The Supreme Court of the United States, composed of a chief justice and eight associate justices, is at the apex of the U.S. judicial system. Provisions for the making of the Supreme Court were made in Article III of the U.S. Constitution. Justices are appointed by the president and confirmed by the Senate. The Constitution does not stipulate the size of the Court, leaving that determination to congressional statute

Similar Essays

John Marshall: The Most Influential Chief Justice Of The Supreme Court

682 words - 3 pages John Marshall: The Most Influential Chief Justice of the Supreme Court In the beginning years of the United States Constitution, the Supreme Court was a struggling institution due to the lack of effectiveness of the Chief Justices and was not highly regarded by the executive and legislative branches of the government. The third Chief Justice in only twelve years, John Marshall put an end to the Supreme Court’s lack of influence after his

Path To The Supreme Court Essay

1145 words - 5 pages Article III of the Constitution of the United States vests judicial power in “one supreme Court”. With incredible adaptability, the Constitution has stood the test of time. Largely due to the limited specificity as to the application of its words, the Constitution has allowed the character of the Court to be historically defined by the individuals who have held the position of “Chief Justice of the United States”. The ideology and individual

The Supreme Court Essay

1106 words - 4 pages William Rehnquist who was appointed Justice by President Richard Nixon in 1972 and earned his appointment to being Chief Justice by Ronald Regan in 1986. The U.S. Supreme Court has agreed to hear a case concerning whether electrocution amounts to cruel and unusual punishment. They are using a case that was started in Florida. This decision comes four months after the third botched electrocution in Florida this decade. It shut down the

The Supreme Court Essay

1067 words - 4 pages In 1787 Article three of the constitution created the Supreme Court, but not until 1789 was it configured. The way it was originally set up was with one Chief Justice and five associate judges, with all six members being appointed for life. This court serves as the “supreme law of the land”, it has the power to determine if state or federal laws are in conflict with how the Court interprets the constitution.      Presently the supreme