The Civil War was one of the most horrific confrontations that Americans have faced, killing close to 620,000 soldiers. Culture is a big influence in the way a society performs. The North and the South had different cultures from the beginning. They came from different economies, social structures, customs and political values. Each side had advantages and disadvantages. The cultures of each side helped them continue going forward during the Civil War. The main issue of accepting slavery became the core conflict between the two sides. My mission in this case study is to explain the different cultures of the North vs the South, and how their beliefs impacted the Civil War.
The Economy and Social Structures that Defined Each Side
The North region, also called the Union, was already different from the South before the Civil War even started. The North side did have their disadvantages as well as benefits. One disadvantage was the lack of favorable soil and climate. Their type of conditions only allowed for small farmsteads rather than the big plantations the South had. This weakness handicapped the North side from producing more resources such as cotton, but they were considered to have more food and money than the South. The North had some good leaders but they did not have as many leaders as the South. President Lincoln was one of their leaders, as well as their biggest supporter. “His utter determination to win was key in the Civil War; having the support of the President, although things weren't always in the favor of the Union states, is a major point in the pursuit of victory” (internet 4). Having the President on their side helped with morale as well. They had a bigger population due to immigrant labor from Europe to work in their factories and the halt of slavery. Bigger and established cities were also located on the North’s side, including New York with more than 800,000 people living there during the Civil War time. Another benefit the Union had was their means of transportation with most of the railroads on their side. Their economy’s culture helped set them up for future accomplishments and a more advanced and developed region.
The Southern Side, also known as the Confederates, had opportunities to win the war with their culture and resources. Even though, the South had the soil and land for growing, they were well behind the Northern industry. Their plantations helped them produce tobacco and cotton. Most of the working people worked on the plantations, making the Southerners want more slaves to help out. Being deprived of having slaves would be a major culture shock to the Southerners. The confederates did have some advantages, one being they fought on their own land. “With many mountains and rivers running east-west in the South, the Rebels often were able to set up in defensible positions”, (internet). Since they were fighting on their own property, they had a better sense of unity because they were protecting their own...