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The Notion Of Human Rights Essay

1166 words - 5 pages

Human rights are established on the standard of respect for the individual. They are described as the essential liberties which every human holds for the fact that they are human. The notion of human rights developed through changes in thoughts and ideas which evolved during the era of Enlightenment, Protestant Reformation, and the Renaissance (“Human Rights”). The notion of human rights gained traction throughout the world resulting in the adoption of new principles in the 20th century (“Human Rights”). The first principle was emphasized on the individual, securing the rights of life, freedom, and protection (“Human Rights”). These rights impacted individuals as they could live without fear knowing that they are safe (“Human Rights”). The second principle impacted groups and prevented these groups from the abuse of others (“Human Rights”). As the notion of human rights spread, new laws and regulations were created to enforce these principles during the 20th century (“Human Rights”).
The 18th century Enlightenment influenced change in the notion of human rights through the rising belief of reason which allowed conflicts between humans to be resolved (“Human Rights”). John Locke, an English philosopher, was an essential advocate of that belief and demonstrated the notion of rights which was obligated to every person (“Human Rights”). He believed in many human rights including those of life, liberty, and property (“Human Rights”). Furthermore, he stated that people should follow society's laws while upholding their individual rights (“Human Rights”). Lastly, Locke believed that if society fails to protect the person's rights, the people are able to establish a revolution that will protect those rights (“Human Rights”).
The successful growth of acceptance of natural rights impacted the late 18th and early 19th centuries (“Human Rights”). Thomas Jefferson studied many enlightenment thinkers such as Locke who influenced his statement in the U.S. Declaration of Independence, "We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights that among these are Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness” (“Human Rights”). Flowing this was the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen (“Human Rights”). Marquis de Lafayette included in this document that "the aim of every political association is the preservation of the natural and imprescriptible rights of man" (“Human Rights”). Marquis de Lafayette described these rights as "Liberty, Property, Safety and Resistance to Oppression (“Human Rights”). Furthermore, he defined liberty as free speech, free association, religious freedom and freedom from arbitrary arrest and imprisonment. These documents shifted the changed from "natural rights" to the notion of human rights (“Human Rights”).
The popular idea of human rights led to drastic changes in the 19th century which can seen in the United States (“Human Rights”)....

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