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The Nuclear Club: Ethics Of Nuclear Proliferation.

3011 words - 12 pages

Nuclear fission has profoundly changed the way nations deal with each other in various international forums. With power, which may destroy the world several times over, the leaders of these select states are forced to acknowledge the fragility of peace. The myth of Mutual Assured Destruction has prevailed as the guiding logic in nuclear policies of numerous states. Proponents of this notion contend that nations are less likely to instigate war, conventional and nuclear, if the opposing state has the capability to strike with nuclear weapons and thus destroy the opponent and vice versa. Unfortunately this notion is not applicable in today's geopolitical system due to changes in types of principal actors present. Principal actors in international relations have always been states which have been recognized in the United Nations or by other states independently. The terrorist attacks on New York City in 2001 have forever changed our definition of what constitutes a principal actor in international relations. Terrorist organizations and fundamental right wing groups are now posing a threat as big as nations in terms of nuclear power misuse. The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty has had difficulties in maintaining its presence due to disregard and weak resolution of signatory states, combined with structural changes in international relations these are precarious times in the eyes of the "West". The sole concerns of Western nations are the motives behind nations wish to obtain nuclear power. Some countries have a truly benign motive and some a more sinister one and it is simply the motive of states attempting to achieve nuclear power capability, that has the international community "raising its eyebrows".Today there are 7 nuclear states (United States, United Kingdom, Russia, France, China, India and Pakistan) which declared themselves, in one way or another, having nuclear strike capabilities. According to the Uranium Information Centre (Nov 10, 2005 http//www.uic.au/reactors.htm) 31 nations have some 440 commercial nuclear reactor while 56 nations have smaller research reactors. This power which is economically cost effective should not be privy to select nations, but rather, it should be available to all who poses the means to wield nuclear power.Arguing that every nation is entitled to technology that may advance and ultimately benefit its society may be difficult due to complexities of human nature. Whenever man has felt threatened or has been confronted with something that is foreign he has resorted to extreme often violent means. With the amount of oil left in the world in dispute it is not accurately known how much the world has left. The recent price rise in oil demonstrates the need for increased development of energy that is not reliant on oil or any non-renewable resource. For nations that can not pay the high oil prices and that do not posses infrastructure for drilling or import in large amounts, nuclear power has become the only feasible...

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