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The Nuclear Inventions During The Cold War

1025 words - 4 pages

The nuclear inventions during the Cold War made wars suicidal and indestructible for the first time. Initially, the breaking point of the divergence in the nuclear arms race was when President Truman tried to scare Joseph Stalin with the development of the atomic bomb. The attempts to create the atomic bomb succeeded and President Truman took advantage to frighten Stalin at the Potsdam Conference. As a result, Stalin had spies who notified him of the success of the atomic bomb. This pursued Stalin to create his own bomb (Foreign Relations). The two leaders’ realization of their conflicting political ideologies accelerated the race for nuclear weapons.
The competition to produce and invent new nuclear weapons required knowledge for chemical engineering. The start of this scientifically and mathematically focused direction of nuclear weapons nevertheless influenced education systems in the United States. President Eisenhower implanted the Education Reform, which led the students towards advance science and math applications. This in turn contributed to the nuclear arms race as it prepared the younger generation for a future arms race. So, even children at the time were aware of the Cold War influence.
The major inventions during the Cold War included the Hydrogen Bomb, the Nuclear Powered Submarine, and the Computer Guided Intercontinental Nuclear Missiles. The Hydrogen Bomb was first tested in 1952; it explodes violently when reacted with an intense amount of heat. Unlike the Atomic Bombs used on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in World War II, these Hydrogen Bombs are much stronger with intent to damage anything within a one-mile radius. Moreover, heavy particles of radiation will fall to the ground, affecting the environment and health of people (AtomCentral). Secondly, the Nuclear Powered Submarine was developed by the United States; it was the world’s first nuclear submarine, the Nautilus in 1954. Unlike any submarines before it, this nuclear submarine had unlimited range and stayed underwater for great lengths of time. Because the Nautilus was designed to remain underwater, the submarine had advantage over their opponent in hiding (Scheve). The ability of this new found submarine gave many advantages to the side using it; it was a perfect method to do a blitz attack on the enemy side. Thirdly, the nuclear missile was created. This missile positioned a nuclear weapon, such as the atomic bomb, in the direction of the destination. This meant that the opponent’s target was easier to target and attack. All these inventions made it easier to strategically bomb home fronts and other industrial infrastructures.
In addition, other non-nuclear but useful technology created during this time was the communications satellites, spy satellites, smoke detectors, computers, and GPS (Korb). Although these inventions do not contribute to nuclear destruction, they helped nations identity and defend their country. On a bigger scale, even though these...

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