The Obedience That Caused World War Two

1025 words - 5 pages

The Atrocities committed by the Nazis, during the Second World War, was not done only by soulless leaders but by a nation of obedient everyday men and woman, who did nothing to stop them. Martin Gansberg's "Thirty-Eight Who Saw Murder Didn't Call the Police” is a great view to the way German civilians and other nations where when the Nazi came for the Jews knowing it was wrong they still sat by idly and did nothing. Also, Philip Zimbardo "The Stanford Prison Experiment" shows how the concentration camp soldiers became unusually cruel with those within it. Even in today’s modern time there are many cases that happen daily where men have crossed lines that we could never dream of. Solidarity of man can be either its greatest tool or destruction it just depends on if we allow the puppeteers to play us even in the worst times.
Martin Gansberg's "Thirty-Eight Who Saw Murder Didn't Call the Police" is about a case where a man stabbed a woman three time separated instances; in front of audience of 38 men and woman who did nothing to help the defenseless woman. They all had sorry excuses for apathy of the situation even when the woman yelled that she was dying. They said "’ I didn't want to get involved’" and "’We went to the window to see what was happening’" he said, "’but the light from our bedroom made it difficult to see the street.’" The wife, still apprehensive, added: "’I put out the light and we were able to see better.’" (Gansberg) But in Stanley Milgram and Paul Hollander's "Paralyzed Witnesses" they give reasons as to why these law abiding bystanders got paralyzed and watched as if it were a show of gladiators in the great Coliseum of Rome. As Stanley Milgram and Paul Hollander State “Modern societies are organized as to discourage . . . action” same as the Germans being taught not to go against their own government. Especially, due to the extreme economic down fall they faced after world war one they were even more susceptible any propaganda or orders given to them by their government.
In 1971, psychologist Philip Zimbardo and his colleagues set out to create an experiment that looked at human behavior of being a prisoner or prison guard impact of situational variables on human behavior. What happen in this experiment was atrocious and it was very similar to what was experienced by the concentration camps of WWII. Both the guards of the experiment and concentration camps felt not at fault of doing harmful things to others because they were following orders of officers or by Professor Zimbardo. Even if while they committed these acts with their own two hands they did not see it as themselves doing it but their superiors even during the Nuremberg Trials the Nazis defense was a plea that a soldier not be held guilty for actions which were ordered by a superior officer (Girard, Richard). Even the guards in the experiment defended themselves by...

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