The Odyssesy Essay

1412 words - 6 pages

Do gods and goddesses need to intervene for Odysseus or anyone? The gods and goddesses in the Odyssesy intervene often like a human parent in a child's life. The immortals intervened when sending Odysseus home, quenching the wrath of Poseidon, and the abuse of the xenia on Odysseus' house. Maybe it is the hamartia of humanity to have the gods and goddesses to show our own hubris.
The gods and goddesses often intervened in getting Odysseus home. Matthew Bolton points out that Athena petitions Zeus to set Odysseus free from the island nymph goddess Calypso. Calypso has been holding Odysseus captivate. She goes so far as to offer him immortality if he stay with her. When Hermes is sent to deliver Zeus' order to Calypso over the release of Odysseus, Calypso retells the tragic tales of the lovers: Dawn, Orion, Artemis, Demeter and Iasion. Dawn's lover, Orion, was attacked by Artemis in Ortygie with gentle arrows and left for dead. Demeter gave into her desire and made love to Iasion in the three ploughed fields, and Zeus struck him dead with a blinding thunderbolt. The stories relate to her desire on not wanting to obey the release of Odysseus. She supply the tools to Odyssesus such as a boring-tool, dowels, gunwales, and sheets for a mast. Odysseus design the retst of his raft through his own engineering. Calypso bathed and dressed him on the fifth day. She provided the following provisions in two skins: one bottle of wine, larger bottle of water, leather sack of grain and quantities of meats. She does call up a gentle breeze to push Odysseus on his raft away from the island. Along the way he will discover a race that worship many gods and goddesses instead just one. Eventually a bloody feud would arise after the slaughter of several suitors over the xenian code. In Poseidon's rage over Odysseus' blinding Polyphemus, he has continued a prolonged punishment from the hubris received. The gods and goddesses sometimes need to intervene on Poseidon's wrath through deception. Athena, Odysseus' and Telemachus' guardian goddess, intervened at the island Phaeacia after Poseidon left. When he left, Athena don a invisibility cloth over Odysseus that changed his physical appearances. The physical change was needed to disguise who he is and deceive people who may know him. Odysseus run into the princess and hand-maidens of Phaenica near the ocean. Nausicca, princess of Phaenica, is persuaded through a dream by Athena disguised as a ship captain’s daughter, Dymas, on the prospect of marriage. According to Bolton, her’s efforts to aid Odysseus come from the motivational hope to marry him. She is told to ask King Alcinous for a wagon with a few mules. Before arriving to the Palace of Alcinous and receiving a lecture on xenia, a hospitality custom created to applease travelers thought as a immortal being that would test the host on giving housing, food, and clothing to wary travelers. Upon arriving at the palace, Odysseus throws himself upon the feet of...

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