The Odyssey Essay

911 words - 4 pages ✓ Expert Reviewed

In Homer’s Greek epic poem, The Odyssey, the characters Calypso, Athena, and Penelope have an effect on Odysseus and his journey home. Throughout the poem, Odysseus plays a major role but the female characters demonstrate their intelligence, authoritative power, and strength within society. The strong women in The Odyssey are exclusive in their character, goals, and connection towards men.
Throughout The Odyssey, women are portrayed as important figures and Calypso’s seduction hinders Odysseus’ journey home. After Calypso traps Odysseus for nine years in Book 5, she begs him to stay with her and make love to her forever. “Her temptation trumps all those Odysseus has seen before”. In exchange for her request, she promises to save him from future obstacles and give him something that no one else has, which is immortality. Calypso’s intention causes pressure in Odysseus’ journey. These offers are great rewards and Odysseus thinks Calypso’s beauty is more tempting than his wife but he is not interested in her. He wants to be home with his wife, Penelope. At one point, Calypso was selfish in her relationship. Since she is the sea-nymph, she complains to Zeus that there is a “double standard when it comes to relationships between mortals and immortals. Male gods are allowed to take mortal lovers, while female goddesses are not.” Calypso thinks that women with too much power sacrifices love. The way Calypso ask Odysseus if he wants to leave seems more of a rhetorical question than one that he should answer. Her tone gives off the confidence that she knows he cannot resist her tempting offer. She foreshadows that Odysseus will have a joyous homecoming because he rather suffer through all the pains than stay with her. Her power and social standing is based on the charms that she gives off, which presents a barrier to Odysseus as he tries to get back to Penelope.
The goddess of wisdom, Athena, also had an effect on Odysseus and his journey home. She is Odysseus' most influential supporter. She appears in disguise repeatedly throughout The Odyssey to offer protection, encouragement, and instructions to help Odysseus. She also tests Odysseus by provoking the suitors to abuse him when he was disguised as a beggar to see if he will give in to temptation and fight back. Even these tests prove to be beneficial for Odysseus. Athena received her father, Zeus, approval for her plan on helping Odysseus. “She appears in dreams and in various disguises she comforts Penelope, arranges for Nausicaa to find Odysseus in Scheria, and hides Odysseus in mist”. Athena gave Odysseus a selfless friendship that he had with no other woman. She is a goddess but she treats Odysseus almost as an...

Find Another Essay On the odyssey

The Odyssey Essay

1257 words - 5 pages The Odyssey’ places emphasis on cunning and guilefulness rather than strength as in the former epic; elucidated in Odysseus’ dealings with Poseidon’s son, the Cyclops Polyphemus. Compelled Composed approximately in 700 B.C., Homer’s epic narrative, ‘The Odyssey’ depicts the homeward voyage of the legendary Greek hero Odysseus. The Epos, commonly known as “The Wanderings of Odysseus” are the protagonists’ recounting of his perilous...

The Odyssey Essay

1589 words - 6 pages deemed necessary. These individual differences in interpretation create variations among translated versions of the original text. Translated from ancient Greek, The Odyssey is one such text that is subject to varied interpretations during the translation from Greek to English. The...

The Odyssey

1538 words - 6 pages “The Odyssey” is an epic poem that is about the story of Odysseus and the story of his many travels and adventures. The Odyssey tells the main character’s tale of his journey home to the island of Ithaca after spending ten years fighting in the Trojan War, and his adventures when he returns home and he is reunited with his family and close friends. To find the theme and central meaning of the story, the reader will need to examine the story and...

The Odyssey - 1634 words

1634 words - 7 pages Odysseus The story of Odysseus in the epic poem, the Odyssey, is a tremendous tale of the classical hero and the adventures that he has. It is also the tale of an incomplete hero, a hero who must learn and struggle with the world and his unconscious and grow to become the true hero who literally and cosmogonically can come home. It is also the story of us all, and our...

The Odyssey - 10966 words

10966 words - 44 pages The Odyssey Set in ancient Greece, The Odyssey is about the hero Odysseus' long-awaited return from the Trojan War to his homeland, Ithaca, after ten years of wandering. The current action of The Odyssey occupies the last six weeks of the ten years, and the narrative includes many places - Olympus, Ithaca, Pylos, Pherae, Sparta, Ogygia, and Scheria. In Books 9-12, Odysseus narrates the story of his travels in the years after the...

The Odyssey - 623 words

623 words - 2 pages Odysseus is the protagonist of the story "The Odyssey." Throughout the story,Odysseus shows many different Homeric qualities, which help him to survive his dangerous and amazing adventures and return home to his family in Ithaca.The very first and most important quality shown in Odysseus is his intellect. He uses this in the beginning of the story when his men...

The Odyssey

1921 words - 8 pages blessed by the gods. Q2. Discuss the importance the Greek custom of xenia plays in the Odyssey? What happens when someone violates the rules of xenia (being inhospitable to strangers)? Xenia is the ancient Greek custom of hospitality. The civilized and moral Greeks were extremely hospitable to their guests. They believed that the gods often assumed human form and visited mortals. Therefore, they were always sure to be kind to strangers. If...

The Odyssey - 930 words

930 words - 4 pages committed to returning home. This noble quality cannot be found as easily today. With all the temptations and distractions in modern times, men with such commitment may be a dying breed. Difficult times, alcohol or drug abuse, and the presence of women have certainly provided the young college male equal distractions to those Odysseus faced when he was lost. Although the great commitment Odysseus possesses does not occur today as much as it should, this quality is still admired, and those who have it are held in high prestige. With this in mind, Homer’s Odyssey still represents a similar journey that most college males must endure. ...

The Odyssey.

974 words - 4 pages The Odyssey, written by Homer, is a book that tells the tale of one man's journey home. Ten years have passed since the fall of Troy, and Odysseus still has not returned to his kingdom in Ithaca. A large mob of suitors who have overrun Odysseus's palace continue to court his wife, Penelope. She has remained...

"The Odyssey"

2323 words - 9 pages /Odyssey-Armand-Assante/dp/B00005N913%3FSubscriptionId%3D0G81C5DAZ03ZR9WH9X82%26tag%3Dzemanta-20%26linkCode%3Dxm2%26camp%3D2025%26creative%3D165953%26creativeASIN%3DB00005N913" title="The Odyssey">The Odyssey" is considered an epic for many reasons. The first is that an epic must contain a figure of heroic stature. Odysseus is hero in the story because on many occasions, he saved his men from the danger that they put themselves in. He saved them...

The Odyssey

728 words - 3 pages Many forms of popular culture today are inspired by themes, characters, and other references in various types of classical literature. John Denver's song 'Calypso'; is about the relationship between men and women, and he bases this comparison on the relationship between Kalypso and Odysseus in Homer's the Odyssey. In 'Calypso'; Denver portrays women in general as being superior to men by using the beautiful and enchanting goddess, Kalypso...

Similar Essays

The odyssey Essay

778 words - 3 pages The ODyssey Throughout Odysseus long journey over the course of twenty years, Penelope continues to wait for her one true love, Odysseus. Penelope is patient, and loyal. Penelope and Telemakhos are...

The Odyssey Essay - 860 words

860 words - 3 pages THE ODYSSEY There are many essential emotions that form the building blocks of one's life. These emotions help to shape the person one becomes and these feelings are emotional necessities to ultimately keep one...

The Odyssey Essay

509 words - 2 pages Everyone has a home. Regardless of its location, it is a place of acceptance and belonging. In a sense it’s where the heart is. Though in The Odyssey, the concept of home is blurry and for the most part incomplete, it is the most important thing to Odysseus, and he is willing to go through utter hell to return to his home.      Telemachus and Penelope reside in an incomplete home. In book one Telemachus speaks to...

The Odyssey Essay - 568 words

568 words - 2 pages The Odyssey Ryan Crandall Period 5 December 21, 2001 Strength, courage, cunning, and cleverness, these are just some of the many traits that Odysseus...