The Old. A Literary Analysis Of Hemingway's "A Clean Well Lighted Place"

604 words - 3 pages

Authors use many tactics to reveal a character's personality. In the short story, A Clean, Well-Lighted Place, Hemingway exposes the attributes of his characters through narration and dialogue. The older waiter's characteristics are exhibited through the waiters' conversations and the observations the narrator makes. The author cleverly associates the older waiter with the old man. This connection gives the audience a clear understanding of the loneliness and old age the waiter faces.The older waiter in Hemingway's story identifies with the old man. This is evident through the statements he makes to the younger waiter. In the begining of the work the younger waiter is complaining about the old man staying at the cafe. The older waiter takes up for the old man by explaining that ...view middle of the document...

Loneliness and old age are the common bonds that the older waiter shares with the old man. This is manifested through the dialogue between the two waiters. For example, when the younger waiter boasts about his youth and confidence, the older waiter jealously replies, "I have never had confidence and I am not young"(Hemingway 161). The older waiter goes on further to illustrate that all he has is work. The older waiter later displays his loneliness through his compassion for the old man and others like himself. For instance, when the younger waiter remarks that he wishes to go home for the night, the older waiter says, "I am reluctant to close up because there may be some one who needs the cafe" (Hemingway 161). Through the author's comparison of the old man and the older waiter, he reveals the waiter's loneliness and desire for youth.The narration communicates the personality of the older waiter. For example, the narrator depicts the old waiter as, "not dressed to go home"(Hemingway 161). The author is implying that the older waiter will be in search of a drinking area, much like the cafe, after the cafe closes. Similar to the old man, the older waiter does not want to go home. Later in the story, the older waiter is at a bar drinking. The narrator mentions that, "it is too late at night for conversation" (Hemingway 162). This image reminds the reader of the old man sitting silently alone at the cafe. Again the audience sees the old man's loneliness illustrated in the older waiter.The connection attaching the old man to the older waiter enabled the reader to recognize the waiter's loneliness and broken spirit. The conversations between the two waiters also discloses many of the older waiters' temperaments. Hemingway reveals his character through speech and statements by the narrator.

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