The Old Oligarch: Revealing Athens As A World Class City

1089 words - 4 pages

The Old Oligarch: Revealing Athens as a World Class City

"It might be suggested the ability of the allies to pay tribute is the strength of Athens" (The Old Oligarch, I, 15). Indeed. It is this characteristic in particular of the Delian League that leads it to be rightfully called the Athenian Empire. If each state had maintained its own fleet, and sent it to join the League in its expeditions, they would have held on to a significant measure of independence. Instead, a critically large enough portion of the league members abdicated control over their own military (by their own choice or by force) and simply paid cash to Athens, giving that city the ability to maintain an empire through the use of military might.

The effects of this go far beyond the imbalance of military power between Athens and her tributaries, however. The Old Oligarch lists four main areas where the existence of the Empire benefits the common people of Athens, thus giving impetus to radicalize democracy and justify the expansion and strengthening of the Empire, and giving is reason to find an ongoing justification for its existence. The first is the building of the disproportionately large Athenian navy. Second is the overall flattening of the Athenian social pyramid, raising the relative status of the lowest classes of society, and exemplified by the way that Athens becomes a magnet for aliens to live and work, and gives unusual freedom and opportunity to slaves. Third is that the allies are compelled to have their court cases tried in Athenian courts, bringing both prestige and financial reward to Athens. Finally, the centralizing effect of these things, and the obvious maritime nature of the Empire, make Athens a trading center, meaning that goods from the entire known world are available to Athens, putting at her disposal an extraordinary variety and quantity of resources. Taken more broadly, the first area, building the navy, gives direct economic and political benefit to the common people, and the three others make Athens a cosmopolitan city, with the cascading synergy of benefits and side effects that that entails.

In (I, 2) The Old Oligarch tells us what it means for such a magnificent navy to be built in Athens and manned by Athenians. The shipbuilding industry booms. Skilled crewmen are employed, giving greater wealth and status to the social strata just below the traditional core of the political power base, the upper middle class hoplites. Moreover, beyond the relatively few ship captains and mates that this required, hundreds of rowers had to be hired from among the common people at the expense of the Empire. This made the landless poor valuable to the state in their role of its military defenders, put coins in their pockets (well, in the folds of their robes, or whatever), and put many more jobs on the market, increasing the scarcity of unskilled labor and thus increasing their value as a labor resource, and their...

Find Another Essay On The Old Oligarch: Revealing Athens as a World Class City

Why did sparta not manage to get control over a large part of the greek world that athens did?

2290 words - 9 pages Why did Sparta not manage to get control over a large part of the Greek world that Athens did?In 550BC the Spartans defeated Tegea, this was followed by Argos in 544BC. From 520-490BC under king Cleomenes Sparta was seen as the leader of the Peloponnese and the leader in Greek defence against Persia. In 490BC the Peloponnesian league was created with Sparta as the recognised leader. Despite all this, the Spartans never managed to get control

A Brave New World: How to Save Humanity - The New or Old World?

1026 words - 4 pages tailored to specific occupations and functions, which leads to a better community. Conditioning further improves stability and community by causing each class to love their position in life despite the apparent inequalities to the "old world" human. Economic stability is enhanced by conditioning "the masses to hate the love all country sports...and have all country sports entail the use of elaborate apparatus" (Huxley 23). Soma, the

Jane Austen Revealing her World in the Opening of Pride and Prejudice

834 words - 3 pages How does Jane Austen reveal her world to the reader in the opening of Pride and Prejudice? Jane Austen was part of a respectable family with 5 brothers and a sister. She was sent to a boarding school at a young age, this is when she found out that she loved to write. She met a man called Tom Lefroy, but she could not marry him because he just didn't make enough money. Jane had a very close relationship with her sister Cassandra. The

The World as a Global Village

1563 words - 6 pages The World as a Global Village The term "Global Village" refers to the widening and deepening of the global system. The International Monetary Fund (IMF) define globalisation as "The increasing integration of markets both for goods and services and for capital." The world village also has a hidden metaphor. It implies a small space in which people live

The United States as a World Power

3225 words - 13 pages . The problem with NATO is not that it's too old, the problem is that it is need of repair. President Clinton should go over it with the adjoining countries and they should revise the foundations of NATO to fit the new world. Back when NATO was first beginning the thought of a global communications network called the Internet was unheard of. NATO could be a vital resource of the United Nations as well, with NATO the United Nations would be able

Research paper on Ernest Heminway's The Old Man and the Sea(Santiago as a Hemingway Hero)

1535 words - 6 pages Santiago: The Hemingway HeroThe book Old Man and the Sea by Ernest Hemingway is one like most Hemingway books. It contains, like most of his works, hidden meanings in the texts. Not only that, but the main character is one of an adventurous, glamorous lifestyle, much like Hemingway himself. Santiago, the main character of The Old Man and the Sea, has been debated over the topic as to whether or not he is actually worthy to be deemed a "Hemingway

Santiago as a Hemmingway Code Hero in Hemingway's "The Old Man and The Sea"

819 words - 3 pages other paddle as a club to beat the sharks away. When food is low, the oldman figures out ways to get more without losing his marlin. He sets up another rig while still concentrating on the task at hand.Santiago's relationships with others never go into deep personal information, they always stay friendly and never get intimate. His relationship with the boy is one of great importance in The Old Man And The Sea. Their relationship is a great

Discusses Athens and Sparta in ancient times. Fights and government plus more. How both city-states resemble the US.

578 words - 2 pages refer to their developments in the arts and politics as a "Golden Age."After reading that most would be surprised to learn that between 480 and 324 B.C., Athens won more events in Olympic competition! Sparta and Athens each had totally different societies and governments. It's amazing how both city-states didn't collapse for a long time and how one didn't take over the other one.When comparing societies of Athens and Sparta, they are totally

Combining of Old World Animals and the New World Environment

3377 words - 14 pages scale, pigs too played an influential role in the environmental outcome of the New World. The pig also had a significant impact on the virgin lands and the native inhabitants there. Pigs were easily transported from the Old World due to their smaller size and self sufficient nature. In fact, pigs proved to be so self sufficient that, "Earlier explorers took them along as deck cargo and deposited them on islands to multiply and provide food for

Sexual Affinity as a Protected Class.

1355 words - 5 pages ask questions as to who should be a protected class. Our question for this work is to present an argument regarding whether sexual affinity should be a protected class in America. .There are a multitude of factors to consider when addressing whether affinity should be ruled as a separate class. For the scope of this work, we address four relevant topics. One of the first questions that arises in considering whether affinity as a protected class is

The Spread of Drugs as a World Problem

1472 words - 6 pages violence has even spilled onto the U.S border. As Mexico has begun to fight back throwing that country into chaos, the drug mafias have pushed down into Central America (Economist Aug. 14 2011). Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador are now amongst the most violent places on earth, even more dangerous than most war zones (Economist Aug. 14. 2011). The drug trade fuels this violence and can cause a state to fail. The numbers are grim. The rate

Similar Essays

Athens: The History Of The City

1806 words - 7 pages Kings Under King Cecrops, the city was founded with the name Athens 1550 B.C.? Cecrops built the city on a steep rocky hill that is known today as the Acropolis, and is also known as the sacred hill (Ellis).? Athens became one of the first city-states.?? A city-state consists of a city and the surrounding region ruled by a king.? Kings ruled the area until 682 B.C (World Book).? After rule by kings ended, elected officials called Archons

The Impact Of Pericles In The City Of Athens

1154 words - 5 pages Imagine a general of immense wealth, integrity, and great perverseness. This description fits a certain person well: Pericles. Pericles was a brave man, and he did things to the best of his abilities. He was born a wealthy child, and of course used this to his advantage. He honestly thought that he could have a big impact on the city of Athens and maybe even the entire world. He have thought this way because, “His father Xanthippus had

Rome Also Known As The Ancient City Was The Capital Of The Greatest Empire Of The Ancient World. It Was A Great And Prosperous City That Was Filled With At Least One Million People.

3899 words - 16 pages Rome also known as the ancient city was the capital of the greatestempire of the ancient world. It was a great and prosperous city that wasfilled with at least one million people. Many people believe that theheight of the city of Rome reached its height near the time that emperorconstantius the second had seen it for the first time. When he had seenall the sights such as the sanctuary of Jupiter capitolinus, the publicbaths, the coliseum and the

The Acient City Of Athens Greece. This Report Is About How The City Of Athens Originated, How Urbanization Took Place And Monuments That Arose.

1642 words - 7 pages preserved to become one of the largest tourist attractions in the world. This paper will examine the history of this great city, look at some of the main structures that were constructed over its long history.Athens , like most Greek cities originated as a coalescence of separate villages to form a powerful state. The formation of villages to form a city-state called a "Polis" was common in Greece. A Polis usually was a small, agriculture in