The word ‘covenant’ is, in the Old Testament, it is the Hebrew word ‘berith’ and is used
many times in different texts. Some scholars my say that the word covenants is hard to find a true meaning. You will hear the word covenant throughout the Old Testament. I think sometimes when we hear the word covenant only one or two covenants come to mind. There are many covenants throughout the Bible. I will attempt to define and explain five covenants. These five covenants are: Noahic Covenant, Abrahamic Covenant, Mosaic Covenant, Davidic Covenant and the Fifth Covenant or the (New Covenant). In these particular covenants we will find the promises God made with his people. In this paper I will attempted to answer questions which of these covenants are unconditional and which covenant explicitly depends on the fidelity of the human partner? I will try to describe and explain the Fifth Covenant, and its importance to the New Testament Theology.
The first covenant that I will begin with is the Noahic Covenant. The Noahic Covenant is one that many people may have heard of, because of the story of Noah and the Ark. Stephen Harris and Robert Platzner stated in The Old Testament An Introduction to the Hebrew Bible that in the Noachan Covenant that “ God encompass all forms of life as equally scared, emphasizing the interrelatedness of humans, animals, and birds, and the earth itself (16). Harris and Platzner give us the definition of the Noahic Covenant, as “A bond between God and every living creature, this covenant is universal and everlasting”(16). The New King James Version of The Holy Bible explains how and why the Noahic Covenant came about. It says in Genesis 9:11-13 states, “I establish My covenant with you: Never again shall all flesh be cut off by waters of the flood; never again shall there be a flood to destroy the earth” (NKJV). Genesis 9: 12 of the New King James Bible go on to say And God said:
“This is the sign of the covenant which I make between Me and you, and every living creature that is with you, for perpetual generation: generations: I set My rainbow in the cloud, and it shall be for the sign of the covenant between Me and the earth. It shall be, when I bring a cloud over the earth, that the rainbow shall be seen in the cloud; and I will remember My covenant which is between Me and you and every living creatures of all flesh; the waters shall never again become a flood to destroy all flesh. This is the sign of the covenant which I have established between Me and all flesh that is on the earth” (NKJV).
I think that it is safe to say that after the flood and the covenant that God made with Noah, it was the start of a new beginning for man. The covenant that God made with Noah is one that is unconditional. Bob Deffinbaugh writes in his article, The Noahic Covenant-A New Beginning that, “Some covenants were contingent upon both parties carrying out certain stipulations”. “Such was the case of the Mosaic...