The One Child Policy Of China

2514 words - 10 pages

The Advantages and DisadvantagesOf China's One - Child PolicyStudent name: Duong Thi Thanh MaiStudent number: 220113802Class: Chinese CultureSchool: College of International Student, Southeast University of ChinaEmail address: duongmai.vfu@gmail.comAbstract According to the National Population and Family Planning Commission of China, in 2010, China's population was more than 1.34 billion people, an increase of 5.84% in comparison with the year of 2000. However, the figure was lower than its estimation (the officials was given a number of 1.4 billion in 2010 China's population). It could be said that China's population growth has been slowed slightly, despite China is still the world's populous nation for so many years. Many opinions tend to think that it is the great result of China's one -child policy which was introduced in 1979. To find the answer, we need to know main points of the policy which will be introduced in my paper. I also present the advantages and disadvantages of the policy and that would be the most important part in my study.Introduction about China's one - child policyIf the year of 1950, China was a mere 563 million people, this figure dramatically increase to one billion people in the early 1980s. This led China became a home of a quarter of the world's people with just 7% of the world's arable land. That's why Chinese authorities started concerning about the social and economic consequences of continued rapid population growth. Therefore, they had to find solutions to control China's population growth. As the result, one policy named China's one-child policy was established by Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping. At the time, the policy was considered as a "temporary measure", but it has been continued till now since its establishment.According to the policy, a couple can have only one child and its rule applied to a minority of the population. This rule is strictly enforced for urban residents and government employees. However, it has few exceptions such as both parents work in high- risk occupations or the first child has a disability. Meanwhile, in rural areas, a second child is generally expected after five years or if the first child is a girl. Besides that, among some ethnic minorities and in remote, underdeveloped areas, a third child is also allowed.With such points, Chinese government expected to the decrease in their population or at least is to control partly rapidly population growth rate in the country. In fact, the policy has been achieved identified goals and impacted deeply in Chinese society. In the following parts, I will give both its advantages and disadvantages to see what exactly the policy has been gained, in such terms: the growth in population, the sex ratio, the total fertility rate.The advantages of China's one-child policyControl Population growthWe know that the basic purpose of the one-child policy is to control China's population growth which is estimated to increase in 1.6 billion people in 2050....

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