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The Future Of Mankind Essay

1569 words - 6 pages

The discovery of DNA in 1953 has been the catalyst to many different innovations in the field of science (“History of Human…”). The field of genetics and reproductive technologies have since grown and developed since 1953, and the impossible has been achieved: as human beings we now have the technology available to genetically engineer our offspring. This concept of altering one’s offspring has been a topic of controversy since the idea was first conceived, questioning the ethics and the morals of this God-like technology. Genetic engineering is ethical and beneficial to society and it should be developed into a viable option for expecting parents. This development in genetic sciences is not only ethical, but it can eradicate genetic diseases in, aid in the development of gene therapy, and enhance certain features of human beings in order to improve the human race (“Gene Therapy…”). Depriving individuals of their right to reproductive freedom is the only unethical and unjust component of the entire argument.
Genetic engineering is defined by the Merriam-Webster dictionary as “the group of applied techniques of genetics and biotechnology used to cut up and join together genetic material… and to introduce the result into an organism in order to change one or more of its characteristics.” What this entails is altering the genes of an organism to give them an advantage over their unchanged counterparts. There are several methods to achieve genetic manufacturing. The most promising, and controversial, method is the germline engineering. Germline engineering is the treatment of sex cells in order to engineer the offspring of an individual, modifying it before it is even conceived (Locke). This is a vital innovation, for it can be used for so many different purposes, one of which being the eradication of diseases.
Genetic engineering, especially the germline engineering technique, can be used to prevent genetic disorders before a child is born (Locke). This means that a couple could have their embryo tested before it is born for a genetic disorder, and have that disorder wiped out with germline engineering. This would consist of the embryo being injected with healthy DNA where its DNA is faulty, replacing the diseased with functional and allowing the embryo to develop without that genetic disorder (Locke). Germline engineering technology is still developing, and there are some flaws in this mechanism. The injection of viable chromosomes is not precise, inundating the embryo with healthy chromosomes without an exact attachment area. There are serious consequences if the chromosomes attach to the already functional DNA, but there is only a small chance that would occur (Locke). The technology is developing rapidly, and there is no telling where genetic engineering could be in several years. The fact of the matter is it is a beneficial innovation that is being overlooked as a result of unfounded and unjust criticisms. Stifling the research because it...

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