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The Opposition Of Lenin's Policies By The Bolsheviks In The Ussr

730 words - 3 pages

The Opposition of Lenin's Policies by the Bolsheviks in the USSR

The policies introduced by Lenin in an attempt to solve the problems
facing the Communist party in 1918 had varying degrees of success and
aroused opposition with various members within the party as well as
across Russia. Lenin faced a massive task if he was to revive the
economy and gain a more widespread support. Unfortunately for Lenin,
he was unable to please everybody all the time and so faced conflict
with each of his decisions.

Lenin's initial measures after the seizure of power, in particular the
disbanding of the constituent assembly, caused friction inside the
party. Maxim Gorky, a leading Bolshevik party intellectual, was
particularly unhappy with Lenin's actions. He revealed his
despondency at the time, writing that ’The best Russians have lived
for almost a hundred years with the idea of a Constituent Assembly as
a political organ...and now the ‘people’s’ commissars’ have ordered
the shooting of this democracy’. Lenin's defence for this was that
‘to hand over power to the Constituent Assembly would again be
compromising with the malignant bourgeoisie’, allowing him to maintain
already his weak grasp on power my playing on pre-existing tensions
between the oppressive upper classes and the oppressed lower classes.

It was during War Communism when the cracks within the party really
began to show. The Kronstadt sailors, ‘the pride and joy of the
revolution’, so called by Trotsky, began to show their annoyance with
Lenin's way of rule. Their sympathetic response to the workers
strikes was unexpected, as it would normally have been the Kronstadt
sailors that quashed such uprisings. The sailors were making requests
for fresh elections, demanding ‘equal rations for all working people’
and an end to grain requisitioning. Lenin...

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