The Possibilities Of Space Exploration Essay

991 words - 4 pages

Space exploration has been booming in the past year. In years to come, it will dramatically increase. So far this year, there have been many missions. A probe, Stardust, obtained comet dust while passing Comet Wild. Also, a rover successfully landed on Mars. President Bush has also announced that in the next 30 years, humans will be sent to further explore the moon, Mars and some asteroids. Many more plans have been made. Another rover, Opportunity, will land on Mars. New robots will be launched in the next couple of years, and a mission to Mars will occur around 2015. In May, a probe will be sent to Mercury. NASA is sending a spacecraft to fly around Venus and Mercury, hopefully creating a map of the planet. In February, the European Space Agency will send a robot to land on a comet. In July, they will also send a spacecraft to orbit Saturn. Near the end of the year, NASA will launch a probe into the path of Comet Tempel 1, in an attempt to blast a crater into it. Within the next decade, scientists are predicting a new type of spacecraft to be used, one that can take off and land like an airplane.Over 250 other scientists are researching the effects of living by Mars time. Mars's day is 39 minutes and 35 seconds longer than Earth's. In order for a mission to go to Mars, astronauts must be used to the planet's orbit. NASA scientists needed information on sleeping, so they asked top sleep experts. But by accident, the experts began to use the scientists as an experiment. The sleep experts hooked the scientists up with little devices that monitor the effects the body endures when waking up at different times. At Boston's Brigham and Women's Hospital, people are living by Mars's time; researchers are hoping to figure out how humans can adapt to it. In 1997, the Mars rover Sojourner mission had scientists living on Mars time. This soon created extreme fatigue because no on had thought the rover would last a month. The rover crashed after the scientists had worked 12 - 20 hours per day for four weeks. Because of this, sleep experts from top universities and companies have told scientists to watch how much they are exposed to light, since light tells your body to stay awake instead of sleeping. NASA forces their best workers to follow a schedule to help them work, with certain days off for rest. They have also made a room for 15 minute naps for members of the mission, along with special watches set to Mars time. The members are wearing their "accelerometers", which marks down when they sleep and for how long. Some scientists even keep a record of when their body wants to sleep.Space exploration is a good idea for a number of reasons.Once earth is unusable, people will need a new home. Every day, Earth's environment is getting worse and worse. All the pollution being produced is ruining...

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