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The Origin Of Norwich Castle Essay

1760 words - 8 pages

The once subjugated Saxons were required to raise a knoll that was twenty-one meters high and surrounded by a dry trench. There were Wooden pikes or posts that protected the buildings on top of the knoll, while to in the south and east of the knoll there were yards that were protected by banks and ditches this all this was to set in motion the ground work for the castle of Norwich. Edward Boardman a Norwich born architect completed the Norwich Castle, a medieval and fantastic defense structure in the city of Norwich which was one of the greatest castles of its time because of its architecturally advanced structure, a symbol of military power, and a symbol of political control that was founded by the Normans.
Norwich Castle, a royal fortification was founded by William the Conqueror between 1066 and 1075. It took the appearance of a motte and bailey. The year 1067, William the Conqueror embarked on a campaign to surmount East Anglia, and according to military historian R. Allen Brown it was most likely around this instance that Norwich Castle was founded. The castle is first mentioned in 1075 when Ralph de Gael, Earl of Norfolk, rebelled against William the Conqueror and Norwich was captured by his men. A siege was undertaken, but ended when the garrison was overtaken, promising that they would not be killed.
Norwich Castle was the midpoint of a rebellion in 1075. This involved Norman versus Normans, the rebellion started when William the Conqueror was attending business in Normandy. Ralph de Guader, married Emma, a daughter of a Norman baron. At the wedding, three Norman barons plotted to take challenge and even take control of William’s kingdom because they were unhappy with how the kingdom was being run. These barons asked the Danes for assistance and to send a fleet of ships to help them and the Danes agreed. They also invited Waltheof, Earl of North Umbria, and he also accepted the invitation. This created a powerful pact against William the Conqueror’s rule. Ralph de Guader marched from Norwich to join the barons but found his way blocked by Archbishop Lanfranc’s army. Lanfranc was Regent for William the Conqueror while the king was away in Normandy. Lanfranc went stopping the rebellion anyway possible. Ralph de Guader fled to his home castle in Doc, Brittany. Ralph de Guader left his wife, Emma to stay behind and defend Norwich Castle, the siege lasted for three months. A deal was finally made between Lanfranc and Emma, and her soldiers received safe passage to Brittany. Lanfranc then placed the Castle with three-hundred of his best soldiers, and removed the rebels from the area. Waltheof was eventually caught and beheaded for his crime and the others were dismembered. The rebellion was at an end, from 1067, the Normans completely removed and destroyed around ninety-eight Saxon homes in Norwich. This was to clear a way for the castle ground work within which they would build a wooden fort, surrounded by deep, defensive trenches....

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