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The Origins And Importance Of The Quran

1798 words - 7 pages

The Origins and Importance of the Quran

The Quran is the Islamic Holy book. The word Quran means recitation
and its verses are recited by Muslims throughout the world. The Quran
was revealed to Prophet Muhammad in Ramadan, the holy month of the
Islamic calendar, in the year 610CE. One night that came to be known
as ‘The night of power’, when Prophet Muhammed was 40 years old, while
meditating in his usual place, Cave Hira on Jabal-al-Nur ( mountain of
light), he suddenly saw an angel appear before him. This angel was
angel Jibr’eel (Gabriel). ‘Read’ said the angel. As prophet Muhammed
was illiterate, he replied ‘I am not a reader.’ The angel squeezed him
tight and repeated ‘Read’, Prophet Muhammed gave the same reply. After
a third time of squeezing Muhammed, the angel said,

‘Read in the name of your Lord who created,

Created man from a clot of blood,

Read, your Lord is most generous,

Who taught by the pen,

Taught man what he did not know.’ (Quran 96:1-5)

These were the first revealed verses of the Quran. The Quran was
recorded as soon as it was revealed to the Prophet. It was written
down in its original language Arabic, the only language according to
Muslims, that the Quran can be fully understood in. the Quran was
first written on scraps of paper before being compilated by the
Prophets Secretary, Zaid Bin Thabit. Great care was taken to ensure
the complete and unchanged compilation of the holy Quran. The Quran
contains 114 surahs (chapters), 6236 ayahs (verses) and it is divided
into 30 ajza (parts). Chapters revealed when the prophet was living in
Mecca are known as Mecci and they contain short chapters about
mono-theism, as the people of Mecca at that time were worshipping
idols. Chapters that were revealed in Medina are known as Madani and
they contain long chapters on ‘how to live your life’. A person who
has memorized the whole of the Quran is called a Hafiz .The Quran was
sent mainly as a reminder of previous scriptures, the Torah, the Zabur
(Psalms) and the Injil (Gospel). It was also sent to lay down new
rules. As so many people were worshipping idols instead of prophet
Muhammed to bring forgetful human beings back to the right path.

Respect for the holy Quran by:

· Never putting it on the floor

· Putting it above all other books

· Wrapping it up in a white cloth when not being used

· Cleaning before using it

The Quran contains rules and laws in Islam. It contains teachings that
cover all areas of this life, and the life after death. It contains
principles, doctrines and directions for every part of human activity.
The theme of the Quran consists broadly of three fundamental beliefs;

* Tawhid- the belief in one God

* Akhirah- life after death

* Risalah-prophethood (channel of communication between God and man)

...

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