The Origins of Apartheid in South Africa

715 words - 3 pages ✓ Expert Reviewed
VIEW DOCUMENT
Preview

INTRODUCTION:
The term apartheid (from the Afrikaans word for "apartness") was coined in the 1930s and used as a political slogan of the National Party in the early 1940s, but the policy itself extends back to the beginning of white settlement in South Africa in 1652. After the primarily Afrikaner Nationalists came to power in 1948, the social custom of apartheid was systematized under law. The apartheid was a social and political segregation of the white rulers from the black locals of South Africa.

ANALYSIS:
Dutch farmers, known as the Boers, settled African lands, taking them from the San and the Khoi Khoi. Eventually, a rising Great Britain noted the rich resources and strategic location of the country. Britain imposed its rule on rebellious Boers, pushing the Boers off their land and eventually sparking the Boer War. Britain employed an overwhelming force to subdue the Boers, who pioneered guerrilla warfare. Ironically, the Boers, now called Afrikaners, triumphed. Britain had granted them political rights which they used to take the government by way of the ballot box. Afrikaners imposed the apartheid system, which intended to keep the races separate. Black Africans were subject to many controls and were expected to work the low-wage jobs. Black resistance along with several other factors resulted in the end of apartheid. The white minority government negotiated a transition to majority rule, which meant black rule. Nelson Mandela was freed from prison to become South Africa's first black president (1).
After the primarily Afrikaner Nationalists came to power in 1948, the social custom of apartheid was systematized under law. The implementation of the policy, later referred to as "separate development," was made possible by the Population Registration Act of 1950, which put all South Africans into three racial categories: Bantu (black African), white, or Coloured (of mixed race). A fourth category, Asian (Indians and Pakistanis), was added later (2). This was the inception of the historical too of discrimination unleashed on the poor community of the blacks by the ruling whites called the Apartheid.
The clear reason of this apartheid was to have as less interference of the blacks in the governmental process as possible. Simple hatred could also be...

Find Another Essay On The Origins of Apartheid in South Africa

Apartheid In South Africa Essay

1807 words - 7 pages -- 20 April 1964. Rivonia trial Historical Background South Africa is a land of abundant natural resources, mild climate, and fertile lands. Their resources range from diamond and gold to platinum and their land is fertile enough to feed the rest of the world if cultivated intensively. Yet many believed Africa to be the Dark Continent, a continent of poverty, harsh climate, and political turmoil (Woods 10). Though apartheid officially began in...

Apartheid In South Africa Essay

1347 words - 5 pages Nelson Mandela helped bring an end to Apartheid in South Africa because he was a believer in basic human rights, leading both peaceful and violent protests against the white South African Government. His beliefs landed him in prison for twenty-seven years, almost three decades. In doing so, he became the face of the apartheid movement both in his country and around the world. When released from prison in 1990, he continued to honor his...

Apartheid In South Africa

2284 words - 9 pages -European groups in the Republic of South Africa” (“Apartheid”). According to Robin Cohen, South African apartheid was based on four basic premises: “white monopoly of political power, the manipulation of space to achieve racial segregation, the control of black labor, and urban social control” (qtd. in Massie 385). Apartheid was widely supported by powerful nations, including the United States. However, the validity of the arguments and...

Apartheid In South Africa - 2552 words

2552 words - 10 pages Origins of Apartheid In the seventeenth century, South Africa was colonized by Dutch and British imperialists. In response to British domination, Dutch settlers made two colonies: The Republic of the Orange Free State and Transvaal. Dutch descendants became known as “Afrikaners” or “Boers.” In the early 1900s, Boers discovered diamonds on their land. This led to a Britain invasion and sparked the Second Boer War, which lasted three years...

Apartheid In Modern South Africa

648 words - 3 pages Apartheid in Modern South AfricaApartheid is the legal segregation of races promulgated in the Republic of South Africa. The discovery of gold and diamonds in South Africa during the 19th century, ultimately lead to racially segregated compounds for mine workers becoming the fore fathers of apartheid(Kanfer 79). By the 1920s de facto apartheid was the...

A Brief History Of Apartheid In South Africa

1011 words - 4 pages A Brief History of Apartheid in South Africa Apartheid is not a new thing. Ever since Dutch colonists landed in 1652, "Blacks" and "Whites" have lived apart in South Africa. Officially started in 1948 when the Afrikaner Nationalist party came to power, apartheid is a system of racial laws devised to "Preserve and promote a white majority over a black majority." It has a lot of opposition and it led to an...

The Struggle Up Against The Apartheid State Of South Africa

1288 words - 5 pages life because it allowed him to unite the, now permitted, ANC factions. Unity these factions meant that the party could operate more effectively, as was proved when in 1994 Mandela became the first democratically elected president of South Africa. Q2. Explain the part played by external pressure in the fight against apartheid and minority rule in South Africa. From 1960 onwards, when Harold Macmillan made his "change...

Producing Shakespeare In Post-Apartheid South Africa

589 words - 2 pages This paper will examine the role of the school in the construction and dissemination of “Shakespeare” in post-apartheid South Africa. In the context of the history of English in the region, and of Shakespeare’s role in entrenching a particular kind of literacy, the paper aims ultimately to explore some of the implications for the industry of English Literature in post-apartheid South Africa. Shakespeare still has enormous cultural currency in...

Apartheid In South Africa & Nelson Mandela.

1473 words - 6 pages The English and Dutch colonized South Africa in the seventeenth century. English domination of the Dutch descendents (known as Boers or Afrikaners) resulted in the Dutch establishing the new colonies of Orange Free State and Transvaal. The discovery of diamonds in these lands around 1900 resulted in an English invasion that sparked the Boer War. Following independence from England, an uneasy power-sharing between the two groups held sway...

South Africa Needs Apartheid

1479 words - 6 pages South African history, and has killed many innocent victims. However, the blacks of South Africa brought death upon themselves. Therefore, please pledge your support to the whites of South Africa in an attempt to save as many lives as possible in as short a time as we have. One must acknowledge that apartheid may have been a horrible era in South African history, but only so because the whites were forces to take action against the outrageous and...

History Of South Africa Apartheid. The Real History Behind South Africa. It Offers Exactly How Segregation Impacted South Africa's Future

2102 words - 8 pages The following essay is mainly about the history behind South Africa. It includes how segregation affected South Africa's future. Segregation has caused many rebellions, wars, and fights throughout South Africa's history.Apartheid InstitutedDiscrimination against nonwhites was inherent in South African society from the earliest days. A clause in the Act of Union of 1910 provided that the native policies of the provinces would be...

Other The Origins of Apartheid in South Africa Essays

The Legacy Of Apartheid In South Africa

1620 words - 6 pages in the history of Africa. Perhaps, one of the most blatant forms of racism occurred in South Africa, during the period of Apartheid. From 1948 to 1994 non-white Africans were subjected to horrific treatment, enforced by the South African National Party. The repulsive forms of racial segregation in South Africa, resulting from race and color, not only oppressed the colored majority group, but also denied them of any rights or human dignity...

Apartheid In South Africa Essay - 856 words

856 words - 3 pages Apartheid, the Afrikaans word for “apartness” was the system used in South Africa from the years 1948 to 1994. During these years the nearly 31.5 million blacks in South Africa were treated cruelly and without respect. They were given no representation in parliament even though they made up most of the country. It was not until 1994 when a black man named Nelson Mandela came to power in the South Africa congress. Once elected Mandela removed...

Apartheid In South Africa. Essay

818 words - 3 pages 18, 1936 in Johannesburg, South Africa. He studied in Potchefstroom University and got a law degree there. De Klerk was elected as the head of the National Party in 1982 in Transvaal and in February 1989 he was chosen as the party's leader. After a little over half an year, Willem de Klerk became president. In 1990 when he had the presidential power, he stopped the racist system and brought apartheid to an end. De Klerk set a multiracial general...

Apartheid In South Africa Essay - 1600 words

1600 words - 6 pages The word apartheid comes in two forms, one being the system of racial segregation in South Africa, and the other form is the form that only those who were affected by apartheid can relate to, the deeper, truer, more horrifying, saddening and realistic form. The apartheid era truly began when white South Africans went to the polls to vote. Although the United Party and National Party were extremely close, the National party won. Since they...