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The Origins Of Russia Essay

1575 words - 6 pages

The Origins of Russia

The country of Russia: enormous, expansive, wide-open. The words that describe this Euro-Asian country can be attributed to its origins from its Slavic inhabitants and the takeover by the Varangians. Kievan Russia, as it was called, started its own civilization in the year 862.
The problem with the origin of the Russian State is that it is exceedingly complex and many theories are based on circumstantial evidence. A good example of this is the early history of the plains above the Black Sea. This region compromises the center of the Kievan State, yet much is unknown about these parts due to the lack of resources. Archaeological finds suggest many ideas, all of which are unconfirmed. The simplest and most accepted belief is that this area was inhabited thousands of years before the Christian era, and played a part as the center for cultural exchanges between groups of nomadic tribes. These tribes led to the beginning of Slavic history.
Little is known about the early inhabitants of the territories which later became Russia. Some archeologists believe that there was human habitation in the area dating to as far back as the Paleolithic Age (about 8000 BCE) . There is a dispute to the earliest reference to these regions. Some sources claim that writings by the Greek in the years 700 BCE uncovered the true natives, the Scythians . Other sources claim that the first historically recorded people were the Cimmerians, who appeared in 1000 BCE . These discrepancies are most likely due to the credibility of chronicles and books published during those times. Be that as it may, in 644 BCE, the Greek established the city Olbia and other centers to trade with the Scythians (who probably were of the same descent of the Cimmerians). By entering into trade with the Scythians, these Greek cities have linked the pre-Russia to the west.
The Scythians lived peacefully until the third century BCE. During that time, they were overcome by another nomadic tribe, the Sarmatians. Less than twenty-five years after the Sarmatians conquered the Scythians, the Goths superseded the Sarmatians. The Goths were groups of uncivilized people who strengthened their kingdoms by keeping them in a state of terror. They were of Germanic descent, and reached the pinnacle of their strength during the early fourth century. Following the Goths were the Huns and the Avars.
Meanwhile, the Slavs in the fifth century CE emerged and moved southward to come in contact with the East Roman Empire. The Slavs were split into three groups, called the Antae, Sclaveni, and the Venedi. Most historical references do not pay much attention to the Antic tribes, probably because of their disappearance in the late sixth century. The Sclaveni and Venedi joined and created a unified East Slavic empire.
This Slavic kingdom slowly began to increase during the late 700s. The area that was held by the Avars in the 790s was demolished through Charlemagne's...

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