The Origins Of The Boer War

1993 words - 8 pages

The Origins of the Boer War

I attest that the work herein is my own and I have followed Hunter’s antiplagiarism policy.


In the late 19th century, the power of the British empire was at its peak. Spanning four continents and consisting of a quarter of the world’s population, it was, by far, the largest empire in the world. Its government was pushed to continually enlarge the empire’s territory by the overwhelming majority of Britons who supported imperialism, the policy of expanding a country’s power and wealth through the annexation of other territories, and believed their culture was superior to others’, and their duty was to ...view middle of the document...

The Cape was inconveniently inhabited by fervently nationalistic, stubborn Boers, who had arrived in 1652. They strongly objected to the British Empire’s “invasion” and disagreed with the new rules, specifically the abolition of slavery, as their economy was built on African slave labor. So, they left the Cape in search of new territory, hoping the British would never interfere with their lives again. The Boers founded two republics: Transvaal and Orange Free State. Britain, the principal power in South Africa, recognized their independence in 1852 and 1854. Life continued without severe tension between the British and the Boers for fifteen years until the first mineral deposits were found, and Britain and the Boers found themselves competing for the most valuable land in South Africa.
Diamonds were discovered in Griqualand in 1869, but it was unclear who owned the territory of the mines. Britain saw significant commercial gain in these diamond mines, and realized that whoever got the mines would have control over a fast-growing, profitable industry. As the biggest empire in the world, Britain had to maintain its status, and could not afford to let another country rise above it in any way—particularly, in this situation, economic hegemony in South Africa was the most important to protect. If Transvaal or Orange Free State seized the mines, they might grow so rich that British power would be threatened. Luckily for Britain, the mines were ruled in favor of Britain, and border lines were redrawn so the diamonds were fully in the Cape’s grasp. Anger brewed in the Boer Republics, as they were furious at Britain for stealing what the Boers believed to be their own land, and upset over the loss of potential diamond revenue. However, the Cape Colony benefited massively from the diamond mines. The fast-growing global diamond industry created a huge demand for the huge supply of cheap, easily accessible diamonds, which transformed the Cape’s economy. This renovation reasserted the British economic domination in South Africa, and compelled British administrators take a closer look at what other valuable natural resources South Africa might offer. After realizing that there might be more profitable minerals inland, the administration started to consider creating a federation that united the Boer Republics and Britain, in order to expand the Cape’s territory inland, and get more industrial resources from the rich South African land.
A major global threat to the British empire’s power was the scramble for Africa: an outbreak of European imperalist activity in Africa between 1870 and 1885, during which Western countries staked claims on African territories where they would create colonies, so as to expand their empire. This expansionist frenzy was a dangerous situation for Britain, because it needed to keep enlarging its empire and maintaining its Great Power status, but stop other nations from becoming bigger than it. The only way to do this was...

Find Another Essay On The Origins of the Boer War

origins of the cold war Essay

9738 words - 39 pages Origins of the Cold War Author(s): Arthur Schlesinger Jr. Source: Foreign Affairs, Vol. 46, No. 1 (Oct., 1967), pp. 22-52 Published by: Council on Foreign Relations Stable URL: . Accessed: 21/08/2013 03:57 Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of the Terms & Conditions of Use, available at . . JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that

Origins of the Pelopponesian War Essay

1690 words - 7 pages The Peloponnesian war involved Greece’s two most prominent city-states, Athens and Sparta, between 431-404 BC. Both Athens and Sparta held numerous alliances, causing essentially the entire ancient Greek world to be engulfed in war. There were many events that sparked the feud between the Athenians and the Peloponnesian league and made war inevitable. The Peloponnesian war was perhaps one of the most momentous wars of its time and was primarily

Short 500 word desciption of the events in the boer war

631 words - 3 pages Untitled The Boer War of 1899 was a dirty little conflict that involved all the Boer Republics and the British Empire. It started a result of cultural resentment between the Boers (Dutch settlers) and immigrating British. It began as an uprising of British immigrants against the Boer government. The British Empire, seeing their subjects mistreated, decided to get involved. At first the war was fought with the honor typically associated

A newspaper-style article describing the end of the Boer war, ending in British victory

706 words - 3 pages May 1902--The pent up tensions between British in Afrikaner states and the Afrikaners themselves had finally broken. The British gold prospectors moving in on Boer land, and the Boer's mistreatment of the British became too much for both sides and in 1899, the Boer's declared war. A little history of the relationship between these settlers is due.The British claimed the Cape of Good Hope in 1806. Called the "Great Trek", the Afrikaners settled

The origins of the First World War

1010 words - 5 pages the war and sees the guilt of Austria-Hungary for its outbreak. On the other hand John Leslie says that the responsible is Germany :“Austria-Hungary can be held responsible for planning a local Austro-Serb conflict, which was linked to its fears about Balkan nationalism, but Germany, which was not interested in this quarrel, quite deliberately used it as an opportunity to launch the European war which Austria-Hungary never desired.”18 The Origins

The Origins of the Second World War

2510 words - 10 pages February 17th, 2010In 1955, Thomas Desmond Williams argued that there were too many historians studying the origins of the Second World War . Although Williams' point claims some merit, he was merely referencing what he believed to be a "misallocation of scholarly research." Contrary to William's advice, given the sheer magnitude of event, many historians flocked to research its true origins; for the Second World War was a global catastrophe

The Origins of the Cold War

2253 words - 10 pages Introduction The term “Cold War” refers to the second half of the 20th century, usually from the end of the World War II until 1990, when the Soviet Union collapsed. Since the 1940s and 1950s the scholars have disagreed on the topic of the origins of the Cold War. There are several groups of historians and their interpretations are very different, sometimes even contradictory. The three main schools are the orthodox, the revisionist and the

The Origins of the First World War

2048 words - 8 pages The Origins of the First World War The study of diplomatic history has led to many different theories on the origins of the First World War. Each historian focuses on different aspects of the events preceding the war. In viewing them from a different time periods, many come to radically different conclusions. For example, the theory of German responsibility proposed directly after the war was soon revised with the

The Origins of the Great War

951 words - 4 pages The Origins of the Great War As the war of the worlds began to collide between 1914 and 1918, there were numerous causes as to why the "Great War" began. The war began as a local European war between Austria-Hungary and Serbia on July 28, 1914. Later on it transformed into a general European struggle by declaration of war against Russia on August 1, 1914 and eventually became a global war involving 32 nations. Twenty

Origins of the English Civil War

1037 words - 4 pages origins of the English Civil War which ascribes an independent role to individuals. For Hill and many of his supporters, the war was a revolution of the rising gentry class in Parliament to overthrow English feudal society in order to ensure for themselves favorable conditions for development and expansion (Taylor vii). Thus, a question arises: Was the Whig interpretation responsible for the eruption of the English Civil War or did class

Origins of the First World War

1600 words - 7 pages , Britain supported Belgium under international law, resulting in the British also entering the war. From analysing the origins of the First World War, it is clear there were multiple factors present that contributed to the initial outbreak, and according to Mulligan (2010), the outbreak may have been avoided if Princip hadn’t assassinated Ferdinand. However, looking from an objective viewpoint rather than one of speculation, the rivalry between nations, the combination of foreign legislation, and the assassination of Franz Ferdinand were all contributing elements in their own right that eventually combined together resulting in the First World War.

Similar Essays

The Boer War Essay

2238 words - 9 pages The Boer War The Boer War symbolizes the climax of imperial tensions and excitement of the late 19th century, and can be viewed as a turning point in the history of the Empire, precipitating widespread changes. The first of these is a change in the attitudes towards the ideology of empire; the second is a change in terms of future administration of the empire; and the third is a change in the role of Britain as a

Origins Of The Cold War Essay

1311 words - 5 pages A) Plan of the investigationSubject of the investigation:To investigate historical controversy over the origins of the Cold War.Methods:a.Research of bibliography about the origins of theCold Wax. Instrument: Internet. Three main siteswere particularly helpful: CNN the Cold War, ColdWar Policies, Cold War History Project. The maincriteria used for selection were: reliability of thesources and the most recent.b.Writing of an annotated

Origins Of The Cold War Essay

1202 words - 5 pages never engaged in major warfare, thereby coining the state of friction as a cold war. Progressing forward, the purpose of this essay is to expound the origins of the Cold War between the Soviet Union and the United States. In order to accomplish present objectives, this paper will proceed as follows: Part 1 will discuss the early distrusts and suspicions that developed between the Soviet Union and United States during the war and the conflicts of

Origins Of The Cold War Essay

9738 words - 39 pages Origins of the Cold War Author(s): Arthur Schlesinger Jr. Source: Foreign Affairs, Vol. 46, No. 1 (Oct., 1967), pp. 22-52 Published by: Council on Foreign Relations Stable URL: . Accessed: 21/08/2013 03:57 Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of the Terms & Conditions of Use, available at . . JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that