The Outbreak Of The Cold War

1120 words - 4 pages

At the time when World War two had fell victoriously on the side of the Grand Alliance, tensions between the allies became palpable in 1945. During the War, Britain and the USA were allies of the Soviet Union but the only thing that united them was their hatred of Germany. An intense rivalry between communist and non-communist nations led to the Cold War as their desire of control over the world dominated grew strongly. The question that many historians discuss at the present time is "who between the West and the USSR is to be blamed for the Cold War?". I personally think that the most convincing probability is that both sides are to blame, having each contributed on different levels to the outbreak of the Cold War.The USA along with Great-Britain held tight to a capitalist democracy that valued freedom and feared communism seen as an oppressed government suppressing personal freedoms. The United States wanted to protect democracy and help Germany recover worrying that all eastern European countries would fall in the hands of the Russians and their communist allies.The Soviet Union in opposition with this capitalist system privileging the "oppression of man by man" had a communist political system based on the ideas of Karl Marx. USSR privileged the group, the party to the detriment of private ownership and political power held by wealthy classes. Stalin wanted the soviet states and the "satellite countries" to secure Russia's territory from a possible invasion of capitalist states.It was clear that the differences of principles between the communist and capitalist states made these two political systems incompatible during the post-war period.USSR and the USA were holding grudges at each other. Stalin could not forget the time when in 1918, when communist Russia was submerged by a civil war, capitalist states, of which Britain and the US were part, joined in the conflict on the anti-communist forces side to stop communism from spreading. Stalin was also affected by the fact that they had not received enough help from the USA in world War II. The United States were revengeful towards Russia as it had signed the Nazi-Soviet Non Aggression Pact in 1939 instead of helping the Allies combat the enemy.Conferences were held to organise the sharings of the world after the war and discuss post-war arrangements. It was at these conferences that the tensions between the two sides became obvious.At the Yalta conference held in February in 1945 Stalin opposed himself to the decision of GB and USA on many points concerning the Soviet occupied countries. First, Britain and USA will of establishing free elections in the soviets countries weren't to occur as Stalin strongly refused. Americans were angry as their vision of a democratic capitalist soviet states closely tied to the West was fainting with the decision of Stalin. Furthermore, the struggle over the Polish-Germany border accentuated the tensions as Stalin desired to push the polish borders towards the...

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