This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Game Theory Of Baseball Essay

2488 words - 10 pages

Decision-making in Baseball
Baseball is a great game to analyze from game theory perspective because of the scale of strategic decisions that are continuously made on the fields and each play. In every play, there are various players (baseball players, coaches, team managers and owners) with different goals and payoffs, and thousands of pitch-by-pitch decisions are made in course of an at-bat, inning, game, and season. Major League Baseball, one of the four major professional sports leagues of North America, is the most suitable platform for analysis because statistical information is tracked for almost every single complexion of the game. In the following paper, we choose to inspect one at-bat decision of a single game in detail as a microcosm of the strategies occurring in daily baseball.

Major League Baseball is the highest level of play in North American professional baseball. The regular season includes 162 games for each team and is concluded by advancing five teams from each league (American League and National League) to the "postseason", or play-off, where the winner is laurelled after the World Series. The Tigers/ Red Sox game (American League Champion Series Game 2) on October 13, 2013 is chosen to be analyzed in details by applying game theory.
The winner of ALCS (win 4 out of 7 games) will go to the World Series. Tigers have been into World Series for 12 times and Red Sox, 11 times since 1901. As attending World Series is one of the most honorable for players, managers, and even fans, every decision in every play in every game in play-off would be much more important than in regular season.

October 18, 2013: ALCS #2
Tigers' pitcher didn't allow a hit until the sixth and left after seven with a 5-1 lead. The upcoming reliever (pitcher who is not a starter) made a miserable condition, bases are loaded against the tie-run batter, David Ortiz. The primary players involved in this at-bat were:
Red Sox:
#34 David Ortiz, Designated hitter - Career Stats: .287 BA, .381 OBP, .549 SLG i
#12 Mike Napoli, Infielder - Career Stats: .286 BA, .340 OBP, .449 SLG
#62 Al Alburquerque, Pitcher, Reliever - Career Stats: 10-3, 2.98 ERA, 1.297 WHIP
#53 Jo Benoit, Pitcher, Reliever - Career Stats: 44-35, 4.11 ERA, 1.285 WHIP
#21 Fred Porcello, Pitcher, Reliever - Career Stats: 61-50, 4.51 ERA, 1.389 WHIP

Game Tree: which pitcher should manager use to face Ortiz
For our game tree we looked at the scenario the Tigers faced at the bottom of eight with two outs, bases loaded, and Ortiz at the plate. We analyzed each strategy from this point forward by examining the option for Tigers' manager, Leyland, as well as for the Red Sox and then by looking forward and reasoning back to determine the optimal strategy for Tigers.
In first part, to make it simpler, we will use career stats which have large sample sets as our references. Also, we will construct the payoff by using batter's BA (batting average,...

Find Another Essay On The Game Theory of Baseball

The Beginning of Baseball Essay

866 words - 3 pages The beginning of baseball has had it twist on who started the game and who made the rules to the game. The sport we know as baseball was original name stickball before it became an organized sport. Baseball was a game that many just played as part of their moderate exercise for recreational purpose or time and they used the game to stay in shape. It was usually a middle class white -collar worker who played the game. Many give credit to Abner

The Economics of Baseball Essay

1031 words - 4 pages of a business than just a game and many things have made it this way. A lot of reasons have contributed to the rising salaries there is today and it will not stop there. The amount of baseball contracts will keep rising each year. One of the most notable people to receive an unbelievable contract was Alex Rodriguez. He singed the biggest contract in baseball history with Texas Rangers for an estimated 252 million dollars over ten years. The

The History of Baseball

6129 words - 25 pages The History of Baseball Baseball in America is about as common as alcohol in college , it is everywhere and participated by everyone. Children and adults play baseball in small towns and large cities and professionals play it throughout the country. The game of baseball is America's pastime and it popularity is enormous. The beginning of

The Rules of Baseball

953 words - 4 pages Baseball. To some people, that means the game starts at 5. For others, it means the American pastime. And for people like me, it means a game with a bat and ball. But baseball isn’t only about hitting the ball with a bat, like every game, there are rules. Before rules can be discussed, we must first know how to play the game of baseball. The game can be divided into 4 simple sections: The Game Two teams of nine players that alternate offense and

The Physics of Baseball

1064 words - 4 pages not only to teach younger people how to throw, but to show older people the stresses that come with throwing many curveballs.The theory dynamics of air are very complicated to describe, as are the physics of an object in projectile motion. Together they provide us with a simple game called baseball. A baseball is a very unique object. It is 9 inches in circumference with stitching in a curved pattern all the way around it. When this ball is

The Physics of Baseball

2455 words - 10 pages baseball can be looked at by examining the many different elements of the game, such as: the aerodynamics of the spinning baseball, overall hitting science, the dynamics of the baseball-bat collision, and the peculiar action of the knuckleball.Over a hundred years ago, Sir Isaac Newton published three laws of motion. His laws provide explanations for observations about motion. We usually do not see these in our everyday life because other

The Process of Baseball

962 words - 4 pages The Process of Baseball Season Preparation 

Baseball has always been America's natural past time The Process of Baseball Season Preparation 

Baseball has always been America's natural past time. Many fans love watching baseball but do not realize how hard it is to prepare for a season. Most fans think the players just show up on the first day. I think this belief is completely false. I feel that preparing for a baseball

The Integration of Baseball

852 words - 4 pages Baseball, in the 1940s, was not an integrated sport, but rather followed a separate but equal policy. While the white players got paid a lot of money to play in the Major Leagues, the sometimes superior black players were left to play in the Negro Leagues, which did not pay as well. Many of these players gained notoriety through this league, such as Satchel Paige and Josh Gibson. While their records beat numerous of the white players records

The Other Side of Baseball

1824 words - 8 pages Baseball, otherwise known America’s favorite pastime, is a fun sport that many enjoy to play, watch, and/or analyze. Baseball is embodied in a sports culture that promotes great values such as team work and practice as key components for success. A vital part within baseball is the subculture of the Umpires. Without umpires and their subculture, baseball wouldn’t be as functional or as fair of a game. A subculture consists of “values and norms

Essay on how a baseball card got me thrown out of a baseball game i was attending. - english - Essay

865 words - 4 pages As I walked back to the dugout, tears streamed down my face. Never had I been so mad: mad at myself for doing something apparently wrong, mad at the crowd for yelling at me so loudly, and mad at the umpire who threw me out of the game. When I was playing little league baseball, I only got thrown out of one game. In fact, in all of my years of playing sports, even through high school, I only got thrown out of one game, and it was all because of

An essay on business ethics, presuppositions of the game theory. Speaks of Solomon's ideas

1165 words - 5 pages Soloman believes that as the game theory gets more sophisticated, we tend to lose sight of the problem rather than solve it. He sees the problem as how to get people to think about business and about themselves in an Aristotelian rather than a neo-Hobbesian (or even a Rawlsian) way, which the game theoretical models simply presuppose.Soloman discusses seven presuppositions in the first section of his 'Ethics & Excellence' book. They are

Similar Essays

Baseball: How The Game Was Changed

942 words - 4 pages The first African-American to play baseball was Jackie Robinson. Robinson was drafted by the Dodgers in 1947. When he was drafted, he was sent down to the minor leagues to play baseball and develop his skills as a player. Jackie Robinson, an African American, definitely improved the game of baseball (Nemec 227

Game Over! The 1994 Baseball Strike

1235 words - 5 pages dollar problems when they earn a living to pay for overpricedtickets, soggy hot dogs, flat beer, and all of the other novelties that accompany a day at the ball park.America is waiting for someone to stand up, wake up to reality, and realize this is just a game. It hasbecome a billion dollar business and all the parity and fun is being sucked out by people who are missing thewhole reason America is in love with this game.Maybe baseball can look

Baseball: Then And Now This Is An Essay That Contrasts The Game Of Baseball Today To The Game At Its Origin In The 1800s

929 words - 4 pages Baseball: Then and Now"The game of baseball has now become beyond question the leading feature of the outdoor sports of the United States...It is a game which is peculiarly suited to the American temperament and disposition:... in short, the pastime suits the people, and the people suit the pastime"(Charles Peverelly, 1866). Although baseball is still America's favorite pastime, the way it is played has changed greatly since it's founding in the

The History Of Baseball Essay

2865 words - 11 pages baseball field in 1845. Alexander Cartwright and the members of his New York Knickerbocker Base Ball Club devised the first rules and regulations for the modern game of baseball. Baseball was based on the English game of rounders. Rounders becomes popular in the United States in the early 19th century, where the game was called "townball", "base