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The Overcrowding, Gangs And Substance Abuse In Prisons

1139 words - 5 pages

The overcrowding issues in prisons, the gangs in prisons and the illegal drugs and substances. In this assignment, I will be discussing respectively in order on these three issues and what can be done to correct it. In additions, I will be discussing about what I would do to rectify these issues if I were in charge, I will be using my own ideas along with the researches from credible sources to support my ideas.
First, I would like to discuss about the overcrowding issues in prisons. Prison is not a good and enjoyable place to be in a first place however, more people are going to prison. This issue is not only threatening our correctional system, it is also threatening our economy as well. Our criminal justice system has been dealing with this issue in number of ways including, privatization of prison and increasing the uses of paroles and probations. One of the things that I would try to do is to prevent repeat offenders from coming back to prisons. According to (Wikoff, Linhorst & Morani, 2012.), “As of 1994, more than two-third of state prisoners were rearrested for one or more serious crimes within three years of release. Almost half of those released returned to prison during that time frame for parole violations or new convictions.” (p. 289). The reason I chose to tackle on the recidivisms is because I don’t believe in a lesser sentence and punishment. I believe that the punishment should fit the crime in order for the justice to be prevailed. If I were in charge, I would try to tackle and rectify this problem by promoting the jobs for them once they are out of the prison. I would create the incentive programs for the companies who are willing to hire the convicted whether by monetary incentives or tax exemptions.
Secondly, I would like to discuss about the issue of gangs in prisons. According to (Fleisher & Decker, 2001), “Prison gangs dominate the drug business and many researchers argue that prison gangs also are responsible for most prison violence.” (p. 5). Gangs have been the problems for our society for a very long time furthermore, once arrested; they continue to be the problems for the correctional system as well. It seems to be the type of issue that is impossible to be corrected because gangs are associated with crimes in nature therefore; many of them will eventually end up in prison. Once in prison, gangs are often separated by ethnicity, they utilize a chain of command structure with the leader being on the top of the chain like those of the military and police. Gangs pose serious threats to our correctional staffs and other inmates due to their frequent uses of violent forces, gangs are believed to be largely responsible for the smuggling of drugs and contrabands inside the prison. If I were in charge and have the power to rectify this problem, I would put the techno-corrections into the full scale use on every known gang members. First of all, we need to identify all gang members, once they are verified as gang...

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