This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Palestinian Liberation Organization Essay

1100 words - 4 pages

The Palestinian Liberation Organization, whilst proving to have little effectiveness in accomplishing their aims in the period of 1964-1974, had a significant and enduring effect on the events in the Middle East. Created in 1964 on the initiative of Egyptian president Nasser, the PLO would soon become one of the most influential bodies of the Arab-Israeli conflict. Born out of a desire to liberate the Palestinian homeland in an ‘armed struggle’, it was largely responsibly for the fedayeen raids that contributed to the outbreak of the 1967 war. Following the 1967 war, Palestinian nationalism grew, and a stronger sense of identity emerged. With this, the PLO under Yasser Arafat, became a powerful independent organization, that utilized terrorist activities to accomplish their objectives. However, these acts of terrorism proved to be ineffective in accomplishing the aims of the PLO, and so it turned to peace and diplomacy to achieve its goals. Accordingly, in the period of 1964-1974, the PLO was somewhat ineffective in achieving the aims of its covenant, accelerating the Palestinian cause in name only.

Forming in 1964, the PLO was to initially have somewhat of an effective role in the Arab-Israeli conflict till 1974. The organization set out with an aim of ‘organizing the Palestinian people to enable them to carry out their role in liberating the homeland and determining their destiny’. As Historian Sayigh suggest, the formation of the PLO saw the evolution of Palestinian national identity, providing Palestine with political legitimacy. Importantly however, the PLO itself was created by Nasser as a response to the fedayeen groups that threatened to drag Egypt into another war with Israel. The PLO had been continuing the border raids into Israel that had marked the escalation of previous wars. As such, the PLO’s involvement in border clashes in the early years of its inception, was an underlying cause of the 1967 war. The actions of the PLO in the lead up to the war, gave prominence to their cause, as they began to form foundations of the infrastructure for a Palestinian state. As such, the formation of the PLO, and their early involvements in the 1967 war, proved it to be a fairly influential participant of the conflict in the Middle East.

The aftermath of the 1967 marked a turning point and evolution in the responses of the PLO, which was to have substantial effects on the conflict. The 1967 war resulted in over 40% of Palestinians living under Israeli rule, following the capturing of the West Bank and Gaza. This convinced the Palestinians that the liberation of their land, lay in their own hands. Palestinian historian Khalidi comments that his people were “dealt with as refugees, rather than as a people with national rights.” As a result, raids into Israeli territories under the PLO intensified, as Palestinian nationalism and identity ensued. After 1967, the existing leadership of the PLO and their methods of conventional warfare were...

Find Another Essay On The Palestinian Liberation Organization

Should Palestine be a State Essay

2263 words - 9 pages Palestinian Liberation Organization leader Yasser Arafat and Israeli Prime Minister, Yitzhak Rabin. The terms of the first Oslo agreement stated that Israel would recognize the Palestine Liberation Organization, led by Arafat, is the sole representative of the Palestinian people and announced on its intent to begin negotiations, as part of a comprehensive peace process in the Middle East, while the Palestinian Liberation Organization would recognize

Terrorist Groups and Impact Essay

1816 words - 7 pages . Historic Palestine is part of the Arab and Islamic land and its ownership by the Palestinian people is a right that does not diminish over time. No military or legal measures will change that right. 3. The Palestinian people, wherever they reside, constitute a single and united people and form an integral part of the Arab and Muslim nation ... [Quranic verse]. Our Palestinian people are still living a phase of national liberation, and thus they have

two state solution

1154 words - 5 pages solution between the Israeli government led by Ehud Olmert and the Palestine Liberation Organization headed by Mahmoud Abbas would help bring the conflict to end. The rounds of official negotiations are supervised by the Quartet on the Middle East, which is an international gathering made up of the United States, the European Union, Russia, and the United Nations. At one of the peace talks of The Quartet there was talk between the conflicting sides

Israel and Palestine

723 words - 3 pages the accords. This was the first step towards peace in a long time between the warring nations, and one that many people believed was going to bring an end to the fighting. These accords were significant because it was the first time that Israel ever recognized the Palestinian Liberation Organization as representatives of Palestine.      The purpose of Oslo was to pull out all of the Israeli troops from the West Bank and

The Israeli Palestinian Conflict

1259 words - 5 pages imposed strict limits on new Jewish settlements in the occupied territories. In 1993, after decades of violent conflict between Palestinians and Israelis, leaders from each side agreed to the signing of an historic peace treaty. Palestine Liberation Organization leader Yasir Arafat and Israeli prime minister Yitzhak Rabin met in the United States on September 13 to witness the signing of the treaty, which paved the way for limited Palestinian self

ISRAELI PALESTINIAN CONFLICT

1259 words - 5 pages imposed strict limits on new Jewish settlements in the occupied territories. In 1993, after decades of violent conflict between Palestinians and Israelis, leaders from each side agreed to the signing of an historic peace treaty. Palestine Liberation Organization leader Yasir Arafat and Israeli prime minister Yitzhak Rabin met in the United States on September 13 to witness the signing of the treaty, which paved the way for limited Palestinian self

hamas

2125 words - 9 pages surface-to-air missiles.The battle of Gaza was a short military conflict between Fatah and the Hamas. Fatah is a leading secular Palestinian political party and the largest faction of the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO). After Fatah lost the parliamentary elections of 2006, Hamas fighters took control over the Gaza Strip and removed Fatah officials. In the end of the 2008-2009 Gaza conflict, in which more than 1,400 people were killed, the

Biography of Yaseer Arafat

4849 words - 19 pages Egyptian Army during the Suez Crisis. The PLO After the Suez War, Arafat moved to Kuwait, where he found work as an engineer and eventually set up his own contracting firm. In Kuwait, he also helped found Fatah in 1957, an organization dedicated to the establishment of an independent Palestinian state in place of Israel and Jordan (i.e., historic Palestine). Backed by Syria, Fatah began carrying out terrorist raids against Israeli targets

The People And The Land (Israel and Palestine). by Zaineddin Obeid

3498 words - 14 pages , and Jordanian armies were decisively defeated in six days, and Israel captured the West Bank, the Gaza Strip, the Sinai Peninsula, and the Golan Heights. In contrast, the Palestinian national movement emerged as a major factor after 1967 in the form of the political and military groups that made up the Palestinian Liberation Organization.After the six-day war, the U.N. passed Resolution 242; this resolution named certain elements as essential to

Yasser Arafat

614 words - 2 pages toundermining and overtaking Israel. There were many of these guerrillagroups in the Middle East so they decided to form into one unifiedorganization. This created the Palestinian Liberation Organization,commonly called the PLO. Formed in 1964, Arafat was elected chairman in1969. The PLO acted as a government to the Palestinian people but withone exception, it had no territory to govern. Arafat's establishment andleadership of these essential beginning

The Birth of Israel

1719 words - 7 pages , perhaps sensing the growing sympathy, redoubled its efforts to eliminate the Palestinian threat. In 1982, the Israeli army swept into Beirut, Lebanon and forced the Palestine Liberation Organization to flee from its bastion. In a decision that radical Palestinians resented, Arafat agreed to come to the bargaining table to discuss peace with Israeli leaders. Little came of these talks, and soon after dissension within the ranks of the Palestine

Similar Essays

Past Failures Of The Palestinian Liberation Organization

2064 words - 8 pages - too short, some grammatical improvements needed but otherwise a good analysisPAST FAILURES OF THE PALESTINIAN LIBERATION ORGANIZATIONIn 1948 when the country of Israel was created, Palestinian Arabs lost control of all the lands which they possessed. Although many organizations were immediately formed to regain the lost lands, it was not until 1964 when the Palestinian Liberation Organization was created, that there was a single voice to be

A Brief History Of The Plo (Palestinian Liberation Organization)

1938 words - 8 pages Palestinian Liberation Organization1. Can the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) justifiably claim to be 'the sole, legitimate representative of thePalestinian people.'?The PLO was set up in 1964 by an Arab League decision in response to growing signs of Palestinian unrest. ThePalestinians desired to reclaim the lands occupied by Israel, which they felt belonged to them, as said in the Bible. In1964 the Arab states created the Palestine

The Palestine Liberation Organization Essay

933 words - 4 pages The Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) is a complex movement, which stumbles from one setback to another. The PLO was riven with factionalism; it pursued revolution and diplomacy as if there were no contradiction between the terms. Then, at the moment of winning recognition from Israel, it seemed poised to lose its most precious asset - the support of the Palestinian people, whom it sought to serve. Barry Rubin wrote a history of the PLO

Palestine A Nation Or State Essay

1250 words - 5 pages . Syria joined Egypt in founding the United Arab Republic (UAR) in 1958 during a period of Pan-Arabism as the first step toward the recreation of Pan-Arab state. The UAR was to include, among others, Palestine. The UAR disintegrated into its constituent states in 1961. Egypt held Gaza and Jordan annexed the West Bank between 1948 and 1967. During those years, Egyptian President Nasser created the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) in 1964 to help