The Pantheon was originally commissioned by Marcus Agrippa during the reign of Augustus (27 BC - 14 AD) it was then rebuilt by Emperor Hadrian c.125. The Pantheon is one of the most influential architectural designs in history; its pediment, pillars and dome are its most copied elements and their influence can be seen in building all over the world.
The front the Pantheon appears to be a lintel and post style build, this is deceiving because it is actually a circular building. If one approached the Pantheon when it was originally built, he or she would have approached through a colonnade that would have hidden the barrel shaped of the main part of the building. When the ...view middle of the document...
The dome is an stunning marvel. It is coffered and the oculus at the top are the most striking features of the Pantheon. The coffers were originally embellished with gilded rosettes that enhanced the brilliance of the room. The dome looks as though it was simply perched on top of the base of the building, but it is actually one uninterrupted unit of the structure. The construction of the dome is an example of how the Romans had mastered the manipulation of concrete. They were skilled at making forms out of wood and pouring concrete into the molds to make grand airy spaces.
The Pantheon in Rome is one of the most copied pieces of architecture in the world and its influence can be seen in buildings around the globe. Washington D.C. has several buildings modeled after the Pantheon’s style. This makes sense, given the fact that Washing D.C. is the U.S. capitol because the Pantheon and that style of architecture is closely associated with the concepts surrounding democratic process. The Romans were the first to use the democratic process as a method of governing. Modern democratic process certainly is different than in Roman times, but the concepts of democracy are similar and represented in both ancient Roman and modern architecture.
Just as the Pantheon inspired modern architecture, it has a source of inspiration as well. It was inspired by the Parthenon in Athens Greece. The Parthenon was built c. 447-432 B.C.E during the High Classical Moment. It was built by architects Mnesikles and Callicrates. The Parthenon was a Doric temple with Ionic elements. It has extensive sculptures in the pediment and the frieze is decorated with metope and triglyph that wrap the building. The capitals are very simple which allows the pillars to raise up from the stylobate through simple capitals into square abacus.
The Pantheon and the Parthenon have a lot of similarities, but also...