This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Pantheon Essay

985 words - 4 pages

The Pantheon
The Pantheon was originally commissioned by Marcus Agrippa during the reign of Augustus (27 BC - 14 AD) it was then rebuilt by Emperor Hadrian c.125. The Pantheon is one of the most influential architectural designs in history; its pediment, pillars and dome are its most copied elements and their influence can be seen in building all over the world.
The front the Pantheon appears to be a lintel and post style build, this is deceiving because it is actually a circular building. If one approached the Pantheon when it was originally built, he or she would have approached through a colonnade that would have hidden the barrel shaped of the main part of the building. When the ...view middle of the document...

The dome is an stunning marvel. It is coffered and the oculus at the top are the most striking features of the Pantheon. The coffers were originally embellished with gilded rosettes that enhanced the brilliance of the room. The dome looks as though it was simply perched on top of the base of the building, but it is actually one uninterrupted unit of the structure. The construction of the dome is an example of how the Romans had mastered the manipulation of concrete. They were skilled at making forms out of wood and pouring concrete into the molds to make grand airy spaces.
The Pantheon in Rome is one of the most copied pieces of architecture in the world and its influence can be seen in buildings around the globe. Washington D.C. has several buildings modeled after the Pantheon’s style. This makes sense, given the fact that Washing D.C. is the U.S. capitol because the Pantheon and that style of architecture is closely associated with the concepts surrounding democratic process. The Romans were the first to use the democratic process as a method of governing. Modern democratic process certainly is different than in Roman times, but the concepts of democracy are similar and represented in both ancient Roman and modern architecture.
Just as the Pantheon inspired modern architecture, it has a source of inspiration as well. It was inspired by the Parthenon in Athens Greece. The Parthenon was built c. 447-432 B.C.E during the High Classical Moment. It was built by architects Mnesikles and Callicrates. The Parthenon was a Doric temple with Ionic elements. It has extensive sculptures in the pediment and the frieze is decorated with metope and triglyph that wrap the building. The capitals are very simple which allows the pillars to raise up from the stylobate through simple capitals into square abacus.
The Pantheon and the Parthenon have a lot of similarities, but also...

Find Another Essay On The Pantheon

Pantheon of Rome and the Parthenon of Athens

664 words - 3 pages Pantheon of Rome and the Parthenon of Athens Introduction Since the times of ancient Rome, there has been work of art including architecture. The invention of architectural objects boosted the construction industry and among the results of architecture was building of temples. Since the ancient people like the romans had beliefs in gods, they constructed temples, places of worship. Among them were the Pantheon of Rome and the Parthenon of

From Rome to Columbia: A Comparison of Jesse Hall and The Pantheon

1028 words - 4 pages For much of the last millennia many great architects have looked upon the Pantheon as a staple of classical architecture, as well as a model for many modern day buildings. Created by the Romans, the Pantheon would use many elements better than any other works of architecture to that time. No further than Columbia Missouri is this evident in the construction of what used to be known as the First Academic Building on the University of Missouri

Through cultural diffusion, Greek Mythology became part of the Roman Pantheon; Greek thought affects us in almost all areas of life, and its end is Humanism

1129 words - 5 pages Through cultural diffusion, Greek Mythology became part of the Roman Pantheon; Greek thought affects us in almost all areas of life, and its end is Humanism.Before we understand the affects of Greek Mythology and thought, we must first learn the origins and development of the Greek ideas. Greek religion originated from the worship of one god, who was called Zeus, and developed into the worship of many. Idolatry is usually a corruption of a truer

HARD TIMES Book Review: Hard Times by Studs Terkel An Oral History Of The Great Depression New York: Pantheon Books, 1970

1643 words - 7 pages Studs Terkel, the noted journalist, radio commentator, and author has provided us with different views on different topics with the many books he's published throughout the years. Particularly in his 1970 publication of Hard Times, which is an oral history of the Great Depression of the nineteen thirties. Terkel interviewed dozens of people across the United States for this book, then bringing together a collection from these interviews with

Pantheon and Hagia Sophia

1017 words - 5 pages Pantheon and Hagia Sophia Pantheon and Hagia Sophia are two extremely outstanding architectural pieces of their times. They have been built according to the traditions of those particular times. The materials used to built these buildings and the purpose for which they were used are all very important aspects and have been briefly covered in this report. Pantheon The statesman Agrippa built pantheon in 27 B.C. Then it was completely rebuilt by

Comparison of the Partheon and the Cathedral of Chartres

793 words - 4 pages Although the Pantheon and the Cathedral of Chartres are both some of the greatest architectural advances in history they are very different. We can compare the time that each of the buildings was built, where and for who they were built for, and why they were built. Another thing we can compare is the structure of the buildings and the type of material they are built from. The Pantheon and the Cathedral of Chartres differ in structure and

Roman Engineering

770 words - 3 pages Cameron 1CameronMatthew CameronMs. SawatskyMrs. J. Kasian-MachovecSocial Studies 8KM29 April 2010Roman EngineeringRome was a great civilization for many things. One of these things that was very important was their engineering. There are many great feats of Roman Engineering, and there are three of them that demonstrate the greatness of Roman Engineering are the Colosseum, the Pantheon, and the Arch of Constantine.The Colosseum was a great

The Influence of Humanism in the Architecture of Classical Greece and Rome

965 words - 4 pages is ancient Greek and Rome, the ideology of humanism had a big impact in these civilizations. Humanism strongly influenced these civilization’s arts, and especially their architecture. For example, most ancient Greek buildings have been built to honor the Greek Pantheon, of gods and goddesses. One of the most important Greek buildings is the Parthenon, which was built between 447 and 438 BC. The Parthenon was designed by Phidias, and built by

roman architecture

834 words - 3 pages was then pushed through the voussoir blocks that formed the top of the arch. The force then went through the impost and the piers, finally ending up at the foundation. This helped support many of Rome’s great structures.      One of the most famous Roman buildings is the Pantheon. The dome of the Pantheon spans 142 feet. The portico of the Pantheon is 46 feet high. It is made of granite, and its pillars are of the

Ancient Greek and Roman Architecture

1240 words - 5 pages , the dome. The dome is just a linkage of arches creating an enclosed building. The discovery of the dome helped enable the construct the Pantheon, a spherical dome that served as a temple to the gods. The dome also allowed erection of vaulted ceilings with no crossbeams and provided large covered public space. The structure of the Pantheon is comprised of a series of intersecting arches. The arches rest on eight piers which support eight arches

Anicent Roman Buildings and There Affect on Modern Day Architecture

808 words - 4 pages When people travel to government buildings you may notice that they look like european works, that is because they were influenced by Ancient Rome. The Romans developed unique techniques on buildings which were used in some of the most greatest achievements in Ancient Rome. One of the most influential buildings was the Pantheon which remained durable and lasted for years. Roman works are adapted from Greek

Similar Essays

The Pantheon Essay

928 words - 4 pages THE PANTHEONThe word Pantheon can be found in almost every dictionary published. Most assign it the definition of temple dedicated to all the gods. Merriam-Webster's noun is trivial when compared to Hadrian's magnificent structure. The Pantheon, known to the locals as Santa Maria Della Rotunda, is the union of a Greek temple front with a domed rotunda. One year after "Imperator Caesar Traianus Hadrianus Augustus's", or Hadrian in English

Parthenon And The Pantheon Essay

768 words - 4 pages forms , which then moved to the facilities of various kinds. Comparative analysis of the Parthenon and the Pantheon Exterior The Parthenon is a type of temples peripter ( rectangular structure , framed on all four sides by a colonnade ) with Doric columns . The temple building is made of marble and partial tinting zolocheniem.Na architrave restyle hung bronze decorated venki.Hram 92 metopes containing various high reliefs and thematically

Jefferson Memorial And The Pantheon Essay

1368 words - 5 pages Jefferson Memorial and the Pantheon The Jefferson Memorial is a testimonial to the past, present, and future of the United States. Its architecture, like most neo-Classical buildings, gives a sense of permanence. This permanence has a history far older than many would suspect. Centuries ago and thousands of miles away a building was erected that would later become the model for which many other buildings, including the Jefferson Memorial

The Roman Empire Architecture: The Pantheon

1387 words - 6 pages therefore roman buildings were heavily religiously based. One of the most impressive engineering accomplishments of Rome was the Pantheon. It is a Roman Temple built by the Emperor Hadrian,who ruled from A.D 118 to A.D 138.(Moulton, 94-95 v.3) and was dedicated to all the gods of Pagan Rome(DuTemple, 6).The Pantheon is dated back to the decade A.D 118 to A.D 128.(Moulton, 94-95 v.3) The wide concrete dome was one of the most remarkable features of