The Parables In Matthew Chapter Thirteen

1736 words - 7 pages

The Parables in Matthew Chapter Thirteen

The Parable of the Sower is one of seven parables in Matthew, chapter thirteen that was from familiar ideas and sources, and natural to men. (Broadus, 285) It was normal to see a farmer sowing grain in Galilee. The "truth" is this parable was designed to teach. The varied types of soil are the emphasis in this parable, rather than that of "the sowing of the seed ("word," v.19) of the kingdom." "Jesus called it 'the parable of the sower' because it was a sower who inspired the lesson." (Hobbs, 164) The sower is a Christian teacher or Christ, "but not a prominent figure in the parable." The seed stands for "Christian truth, 'the word of the kingdom', or 'word of God,' because when implanted in the heart and conscience, it grows, develops, and brings forth spiritual fruit. (Dummelow, 672)
In Chapter 13 of Matthew, verse three, Jesus started telling the parables, the first being the parable of the sower. The expression, "A Sower," shows this is not given as an actual, particular occurrence. (Broadus, 285; Criswell, 74) Hobbs, however thinks differently stating, "'the sower', not just 'a sower' or any sower, meaning the scene probably unfolded before their very eyes." Jesus then tells how the grain would fall upon the various kinds of soil. It scattered on the hard footpaths where it had no chance to take root, on the thin soil above the limestone rock, in the soil with the thorny roots, and some in the rich soil, which was free from such. The birds ate the seeds that lie exposed on the hard footpaths. (B, 285; C, 74; D, 672; H, 165) "Here the soil had different capacities, but each yielded a good harvest according to its ability." (Hobbs, 165) "The point of the whole story is that the same seed produced no wheat, little wheat or much wheat, all according to the character and preparation of the soil." (Broadus, 286) Criswell and Dummelow both agree the seeds are representing people's faith. The different harvests are the different faiths. "There are those who receive the truth in the same way as the seed that falls on stony places. It grows for a awhile, then dies. There are those who start gloriously, who spring up at once, but then as quickly disappear." (Criswell, 74) "The seed falling by the wayside" is an example of those that give their attention to business matters and worldly affairs rather than to spiritual truth. The seed in the thin, rocky soil represent those who were really religious and have it in them to believe, but the tire, and fall away. The seed in the thorns show the people who could surely "develop the highest spiritual gifts, but who fail because they deliberately attempt to serve two masters, God and mammon, which is impossible." (Dummelow, 672) The soil that bears fruit shows the people who believe in Jesus and his messages, and "the people who bear fruit unto God." (Criswell, 74; Dummelow, 673) "According to Matthew 13:38, the converted soul...

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