The Parliamentary System Vs. The Presidential System

1455 words - 6 pages

IntroductionThe world of today has many different aspects towards the view of politics. Countries around the world all have diverse components, which makes that state in particular unique. The systems of the world are used to govern the state as its best of the ability according to the ideology and attitude of that particular state. Many states around the world are merging towards the democracy state and taking up many of its characteristics. The characteristics are not set for a specific one because each democracy in the world today contains different ones but essential ideas. The executive-legislative relation is one of these aspects and the state differs in which one is practiced. The presidential system is used by the democracy of the United States but on the other hand the parliamentary system is used by the democracy of Great Britain.Characteristics of the systemsThe presidential system is a political system that holds the president as head of the government and the chief executive chosen in a democratic election. The president holds the office for a fixed term, which in the U.S. is for four years. There is separation of powers due to the fact that there is no overlap between the executive and the legislature and there are independent of one another. Being so, the president has no right in removing any of the legislature form office unless a vote is done under certain conditions. In this system there are limited number of parties and usually a two-party system. In the United States there is also a first-past-the-post electoral system and the offices are elected usually by the individual not as a party.The parliamentary system is a political system that the head of the government role and the head of the state role are both assigned to separate executive individuals. The Prime Minister is the chief executive the leader of the party, which gets the majority of the vote to the legislature but does not hold a fixed term. The separation of powers is very minimal in this system because they both overlap and need to work together so the government will not tarnish. With this instance, the prime minister can be removed by the 'vote of no confidence' by an opposing party in a vote through legislature or by his own party outside the legislature. In this system, there is a single party or a coalition of parties. Great Britain holds a single party majority system but also a proportional representation electoral system is practiced in some states and more of the population is represented.Differentials in systemsThese two different types of executive-legislature systems hold their own components and are used by the democracies of today. One main variation is the separation of powers between the two systems. In the presidential system the powers are pretty much divided into the three branches of government which are the executive, legislature and judicial. The official serving the terms such as in the Senate or House of Representatives as well as the...

Find Another Essay On The Parliamentary system vs. The Presidential system

The Canadian Justice System vs. Aboriginal People

569 words - 2 pages The Canadian Justice System vs. Aboriginal PeopleTopic: Be it resolved that the Canadian justice system be significantly changed.The Canadian justice system has failed the Canadian people. It has failed the aboriginal people of this nation on a massive scale. The flawed justice system has been insensitive and inaccessible, and has arrested and imprisoned aboriginal people in grossly disproportionate numbers. Aboriginal people who are arrested

The European Union Vs. A Federal System

978 words - 4 pages Introduction Before discussing the notion that the European Union (EU) possesses a federal character, one has to define federalism (federal system). A Federal system is a system of government where power and sovereignty are shared constitutionally between a central authority and subunits. The central authority retains primary sovereignty while the subunits (state, province etc.) retain a degree of autonomy. Examples of federal countries

Minorities vs. The Criminal Justice System

2263 words - 9 pages The number of people that are entering the criminal justice system has been on the rise for many years. According to the British Broadcasting Corporation World News, "the number of people imprisoned in the United States is at record levels and will exceed two million by the end of [2001]..." ("US Prison Pop...."). The United States has, "25% of the world's prisoners but we're only 5% of the world's population" ("US Prison Pop...."). In April of

Comparing and Contrasting Two Governmental Systems: Parliamentary vs Presidential

763 words - 3 pages Parliamentary System versus Presidential System The way that a country is controlled by the government depends on the relationship between the legislative and executive authority. Most democratic nations, today, generally use one of two governmental systems, either a parliamentary system or a presidential system. Today most of Europe prefers to use a parliamentary system, whereas the presidential form of government is preferred in places such

Compare and Contrast: The BCS vs. A Playoff System

915 words - 4 pages Anderson PAGE \* MERGEFORMAT 1 James Anderson Jr.Dr. BrooksENC1101-67581March 9, 2010The BCS vs. A PlayoffAs long as the Bowl Championship Series has existed; its methods, match-ups, and motives have been shroud in controversy. The BCS has many advantages for schools; however, fans and teams are often left speculating what may have, could have, or should have been. The majority of college football fans are in favor of changing to a tournament

The Education System: Brown Vs. Board of Education

1351 words - 5 pages Even though most people only know of the famous Brown v. Board of Education case, many other cases also took a major part in overturning the harsh laws that African Americans faced for a long period of time in this country. Brown v. Board of Education was the most important Supreme Court decision of the 20th century (National Park). Without this case, the education system and other segregated facilities might not have ever changed through the

What are the relative merits and drawbacks of parliamentary and presidential systems? Why have most East European countries adopted parliamentary systems?

2723 words - 11 pages governance use both an elected president and a prime minister and cabinet drawn from the elected legislature. There are many forms of semi-presidential system, with varying political weight given to the president and prime minister. It will be important to examine these alternative systems of governance as they are found as frequently amongst the post-communist East European countries as parliamentary systems . As such any attempt to analyse East

The British Electoral System

1776 words - 7 pages government is achieved at the expense of smaller parties. In this way, Simple Plurality turns a 3-party system in terms of votes into a 2-party Parliamentary system. Furthermore, on some occasions the party which got the most votes has lost the election. In the 1929 election, the Tories had more votes than Labour but fewer seats, while in the 1951 election, Labour had more votes than Tories but fewer seats. Therefore, in

The Federal Reserve System

2320 words - 9 pages would oversee the system and establish monetary policy. Membership of the Board would be by presidential appointment. This provided considerable federal direction over the system. Additionally, the act created a new form of currency, the Federal Reserve Note. This was the long awaited answer to the problem of inelastic money (http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1052.html). The enacting of the Federal Reserve Act has been called “the greatest single

The Australian Legal System

1297 words - 5 pages The Australian Legal System The Australian Legal System has a rich and detailed history dating from 1066. Law is made in Parliament. We have four sources of law and three courts with different jurisdictions that interpret the law when giving out justice. Important doctrines act as the corner-stones of our legal system. There is a procedure in the courts for making appeals. Separation of powers exists between officials in the courts, the

The Australian Legal System

1293 words - 5 pages The Australian Legal System has a rich and detailed history dating from 1066. Law is made in Parliament. We have four sources of law and three courts with different jurisdictions that interpret the law when giving out justice. Important doctrines act as the corner-stones of our legal system. There is a procedure in the courts for making appeals. Separation of powers exists between officials in the courts, the parliament and the Executive

Similar Essays

The American Presidential System Vs. The Canadian Parliamentary System

1978 words - 8 pages Governments play a large part in our lives. We are so used to their role, that much of their influence goes unnoticed. Governments differ from country to country, but their influence remains. Canada is a democracy with a parliamentary system of government. The United States of America is also a democracy but with a presidential system of government. Canada's parliament consists of the Queen, the Senate and the House of Commons. In the Canadian

The Comparison Of Parliamentary Political System In Sweden And Semi Presidential Political System In France And The Results For Turkey.

3339 words - 13 pages INTRODUCTIONDemocracy is spreading all around the world in different forms. Countries shape democracy according to their own needs and political structures. So, democracy as a political system is represented in different ways in the world. Two of the more common appearing style of democracy in the political structures of the countries' is presidential and parliamentary political systems. Parliamentary and presidential political systems also have

The Strengths And Weaknesses Of The System Of Choosing Presidential Candidates

2656 words - 11 pages The Strengths and Weaknesses of the System of Choosing Presidential Candidates It seems reasonable to conjecture that the Achilles' heel of the modern presidency is one of recruitment. The long-winded delegate nomination process could in theory be replaced by a daylong direct election of presidential candidates. Instead, tradition dictates that the presidential race is drawn out quadrennially over the pre-primary

To What Extent Has The French Political System Become Less 'presidential' In Character Since 1986?

2869 words - 11 pages To what extent has the French political system become less 'Presidential' in character since 1986?The French political system is described as a hybrid system with a separately elected President who shares executive power with the Prime Minister. It is a hybrid model that is most cited as a semi-presidential system where the constitution and political circumstances tend to place the emphasis on the powers of the President. The Constitution of the