The Role Of Special Interest Groups In American Politics.

1360 words - 5 pages

Like political parties, pressure groups can be considered another system that connects the citizen more directly to government. However, at the same instant there are marked differences in both composition and function that define interest groups as different entities from larger political parties. According to V.O. Key Jr. in a composition appropriately entitled Pressure Groups; pressure groups "Ordinarily... concern themselves with only a narrow range of policies;" and unlike the goals of political parties, their intentions are to "influence the content of public policy rather than the results of elections." Nevertheless, it is a realized fact that special interest groups with a mass membership are considered to be congregations with enough power to affect election results and "pressure party leaders, legislators, and others in official position to act in accord with their wishes..."Although it is accepted that pressure groups indeed pressure politics in certain directions, it is quite a different task to describe how pressure groups link public opinion to government action. Apparently the driving force behind action is not as cut and dry as the image of "the lobbyist who speaks for a united following, determined in its aims and prepared to reward its friends and punish its enemies at the polls." In reality, it may appear that spokesmen of mass-membership pressure groups are "unrepresentative of the opinions of their members." This perception, however, does not take into account the wide potential for variability in policy opinion that can occur within large groups. On the contrary, it is not a "wicked betrayal" or a "deliberate departure from the mass mandate;" it is more likely that there are other theorems with which to explain this phenomenon. Alike to all other human groups, "opinions...do not fall into blacks and whites." In Keys' essay, he attempts to hypothesize that there are naturally stratified layers of activism and pacifism within group membership. "It may be nature of mass groups that attachment to the positions voiced by the peak spokesmen varies with the attachment to and involvement in the group." When the functioning of these groups are looked upon in this manner, it is logical to assume that special interest groups "invariably...receive something less than universal acquiescence" on issues. With this lens of scrutiny, "the world of pressure politics becomes more a politics among the activists than a politics that involves many people." However, it is not to be totally lost that the public primarily "colors the mode of action."When the sentiments of the activists are brought outside the bounds of the special interest group and into deliberation areas known as "arenas of decision," there are "many questions of policy that are fought out within vaguely bounded arenas in which the activists concerned are clustered." It is during these times that members of the House and Senate with jurisdiction for these matters can have a...

Find Another Essay On The Role of Special Interest Groups in American Politics.

The Role of Jews in American Politics

1744 words - 7 pages politics. Jews have become a more active part of American politics due to Senator Lieberman’s candidacy for Vice President. However, Jew’s role in American politics has progressed over the years. In the early years of our nations history Jews were not as actively involved in political positions. Senator Lieberman suggested that one reason, why Jews did not enter active politics during the start of the twentieth century was because of anti-Semitism

Impact of Interest Groups on American Elections

2530 words - 10 pages define what they are and what their role is in the scope of national politics. Jeffrey Berry of the Interest Group Society says, "An interest group is an organized body of individuals who share some goals and who try to influence public policy." Interest groups play many different roles in the American political system, such as representation, participation, education, and program monitoring. Representation is the function that is most common

The role of the mass media in American politics today.

2325 words - 9 pages today, the media are situated in a pluralist model of liberal democracy and are often seen as fulfilling the vitally important role of 'fourth estate' being the guardians of democracy and defenders of the public interest. (web reference 2) The mass media in American politics are known as the fourth branch of government in addition to the main three of the President, executive and judiciary branches.Within contemporary society today, the media

The Influence of Political Interest Groups

939 words - 4 pages Political interest groups have had a profound influence over important governmental decisions throughout the history of the United States. James Madison believed that everyone is self-interested; therefore, interest groups are an assemblage of individuals who share the same self-interest acting together to obtain goals beyond individual reach in complex societies. These interest groups are highly organized factions that have a certain agenda

Interest Groups in America

1470 words - 6 pages closer. Again, issues may be better if interest groups approach courts rather than the government. Interest groups such as the American Civil Liberties Union, Sierra Club, and NAACP are cases that have been her in the U.S. state and federal courts explains Roskin et al. (2008). Appeals to the public are also strategies of interest groups to push their issues that they are passionate about to possible try to reverse the decision and explain on

Interest Groups in Canada

2617 words - 10 pages , it is in the best interests of the groups to share the opinions of the current government.Interest groups weigh the needs from their own sector in order to decide which proposals to present to the government, in hopes of obtaining legislative support for grants and proposed policies through the policy community. Almost every area of government has its own special lobby association looking out for the interest in that particular field of policy

Power Of Interest Groups

593 words - 2 pages parties to special interest groups. These interest groups now play a larger active role in modern elections than the actual political parties themselves.Interest groups now seem to exist for nearly every possible cause that exists, and their amount of wealth and power grows with every passing year. These interest groups are often represented by some of the most influential people in politics, and oftentimes play a crucial role in who gets elected to

Christianity’s Role in American Politics

1456 words - 6 pages statistic shows this is simply not true. 75% of the American population identify themselves as Christians. But only 18% oppose abortion and 33% oppose homosexuality. The statistics simply does not add up. Since the first amendment forbids a state church, religious groups in America does in fact have less power over politics than many other countries where politics and religion are intertwined. The main reason for this misunderstanding of

The Role of National Interest in World War I

774 words - 3 pages National interest was a key factor in the explosive beginning of World War One. By looking at the Naval Arms Race, the People’s Revolt in Austria-Hungary and European alliances, it can be shown that national interest was a significant factor in contributing to World War One. The ultra nationalistic views of many countries overruled their ability to act in a just and logical manner. It was in the years following the formation of the Triple

Special Interest Group The Perception and Rights of High School

1187 words - 5 pages Special Interest Group The Perception and Rights of High School Students As far back as anyone can remember there have been judgements made against teenagers in high school. Although some of these judgements may be true a lot of them are false. Many people think that because they know or have heard of one teen dying from drug use, or a girl who left her newborn in a dumpster that that is what all teenagers are doing. My hope is to prove that

Discuss the role of Islam in the politics of Pakistan

2613 words - 10 pages 1. IntroductionThis essay will discuss the role of Islam in the politics of Pakistan. It will begin with an overview of the history of Pakistan, stating how the country was formed and the reason(s) for its formation. It will then discuss Shari'a/Islamic law. The essay will then discuss Islam as the law for Pakistan, how it became Pakistan's law, and whether or not Pakistan follows it indefinitely. Then the criminal justice system will be

Similar Essays

How The Religious Right And Special Interest Groups Are Eroding American Democracy.

2261 words - 9 pages whose motives are primarily rooted in effecting change within the policies of their respective societies. Yet whilst interest groups are an important aspect of the political system, and indeed fundamental to a functioning democracy, the current political climate has exposed some of the more influential interest groups as greedy, extremist and ultimately dangerous to the progressive nature of democratic politics. Gun lobbyists and the religious

Role Of Interest Groups In The Decision Making Process Of The European Union

2386 words - 10 pages impacts on the democratic quality of the European legislative process. By providing a background of interest groups and their influence in the decision-making process and comparing the role of interest groups within the European Union to those within the United States I will demonstrate the positive and negative qualities of interest group participation in the democratic process. In this paper, I will argue that interest groups are indeed a double

P.E.T.A The Protection Of The Ethical Treatment Of Animals (Special Interest Groups)

540 words - 2 pages Saving our Fellow Earthlings (PETA)An interest group is just about any collection of people trying to influence government policy. Some of the groups are transient while others are permanent. Some groups influence a particular policy while others focus on broad changes. Both the judicial and legislative sectors of our government are influenced by special interest groups everyday. One of the largest special interest groups in todays society is

Special Interest Groups Rally Behind Quiltbag

3043 words - 12 pages Politics dictates how a government or state based system is run, and if its parts are functioning at maximum capacity. At its core, the structure and unspoken hierarchy of politics and religion in the educational system decrees how educational institutions respond to a number of issues including bullying, harassment, and assaults. The goal of politics and to an extend public policy, and special interest groups interested in anti-bullying and