The Past And Future Of Cuban Foreign Relations

1974 words - 8 pages

Cuban politics has long been defined by foreign relations. One of the charges of the revolutionary leaders Fidel Castro and Che Guevara against Fulgencio Batista was his support from the United States of America. Batista was part of a military coup in 1933, and became President himself by election in 1940. His party lost the next election in 1944 after which he lived in the U.S., gaining allies. On his return to Cuba in 1952 he led a second coup to end an election which he was losing. His government was quickly recognized by the U.S., giving him legitimacy, which he turned into unopposed electoral victory in 1954. His regime was characterized by relationship both with the U.S. government and with the American Mafia. He faced almost immediate opposition from the Communist revolutionaries, who fought a six year guerilla war starting in 1953. The war was one of many “proxy” wars between the U.S. and the Soviet Union, with the U.S. providing weaponry including napalm to Batista which he used brutally against the population. The guerillas received aid from the U.S.S.R., succeeded in winning popular support and eventually overthrew the Batista government in 1959.
Despite the support they received from the U.S.S.R., and the support the U.S. had given to their enemy, the revolutionary leaders were not blind to the importance of the U.S. to Cuban economic viability and military security. Cuba is only ninety miles from the coast of Florida, and at the time of the revolution the majority of the Cuban economy was either trading with the U.S. or serving American tourists. Because of this, the more moderate Dr Manuel Urrutia Lleó was briefly made President in an attempt to soften tensions with the U.S,. The outreach was rebuffed and short lived. Within two years of the revolution, huge amounts of private property had been seized, oppressive crack downs on the political opposition led to mass executions and imprisonment, and the U.S.S.R. had supplied enough weaponry to massively militarize Cuba – it still has one of the largest militaries in the region. Although Dr Lleó was followed as President by Osvaldo Dorticós, another relatively moderate technocrat, Fidel Castro was Prime Minister and clearly in control of policy. In 1976, Fidel Castro officially became President.
Four factors defined hostility between the U.S. and Cuba. First is the Bay of Pigs invasion, where in 1961 a small force of Cuban exiles, backed by the U.S., returned to recapture Cuba with disastrous results. The Bay of Pigs was a disaster for all sides. The U.S., which failed to provide promised air support, lost the trust of the Cuban exile community and was embarrassed internationally. The Cuban government naturally responded by strengthening economic and military ties with the U.S.S.R.. Second is Operation Mongoose along with other covert C.I.A. programs to assassinate Fidel Castro and destabilize the Cuban government. Like the Bay of Pigs, these programs were a complete disaster. At...

Find Another Essay On The Past and Future of Cuban Foreign Relations

The Political Past, Present, and Future of Russia

4952 words - 20 pages The Political Past, Present, and Future of Russia Russia never associated as a democracy in anyone's mind. It had always been an authoritarian regime of different species and developed a mentality, which creates an almost unsurpassable

The Past, Present and Future of Labor Unions

2270 words - 9 pages controversies NIRA faced, it was declared unconstitutional, it was then replaced by a new act called the National Labor Relations Act of 1955. Also called as the Wagner Act, it worked almost the same as the overturned law but it established the National Relations Board that had the power to punish unfair labor practices and determine which union group should represent the workers. The NLRA did eliminate the company-dominated employee associations

The Past, Present and Future of PKMZ in Memory

1280 words - 5 pages The past, present and future of PKMZ in memory Francis Crick once posed an important question- “How then is memory stored in the brain so that its trace is relatively immune to molecular turnover?” (Glanzman, 2012). Ever since, neuroscientists have been struggling to answer Crick’s question. Long- Term Potentiation (LTP) of synaptic strength is the underlying mechanism for formation of memory. In brief, LTP involves the increase in number of

The Past, Present and Future of Social Security

3124 words - 12 pages , to slightly increase the payroll tax rate, and to raise the normal retirement age from 65 to 67 through a phased in plan beginning in 2003. Social Security was once again in a period of partially forward funding future benefits as the trust funds grew sharply. An unintended result of the success of Social Security is that men in their 60?s are working less, from over half to nearly one-sixth. On April 7, 2000, President

The Power of 'Soft Power' in Cuban Foreign Policy

2476 words - 10 pages Many people think of and remember Cuba as an island filled with picturesque tourist beaches, Che Guevara memorabilia, and quaint fifties cars; but it is much more than that. Ask any one of the countries that engage in foreign relations with Cuba and one would hear positive remarks regarding the systems of Cuban Medical Diplomacy, Yo Si Puedo literacy training, and other aspects of what Joseph Nye calls ‘Soft Power’ (Dominguez 2008). Nye

The Future Instead of the Past

1321 words - 6 pages which are oppressive, demeaning, and domineering as are the socioeconomic and political forces of racism and exploitation.” This makes it seem that Johnson is taking a postmodernist approach and rejecting that science and technology could have any positive impact on black society. Indeed, his critiques of various historical effects of certain aspects of science and technology as well as his concerns over future developments in these fields

Past, Present, and Future of computers

1749 words - 7 pages it. Even though it was not completed until 1946 and was not any help during the war, it provided another launching pad for scientists and inventors of the near future. The only problem with the ENIAC was that it was a long a tedious process to program it. What was needed was a computation device that could store simple "programs" into it's memory for call later. The Electronic Discrete Variable Computer was the next in line. A young man named

A Past and Future of Desktop Computers

802 words - 4 pages view as a future computer technician, we can classify the types of desktop computers under these three categories, I call them the original desktop tower, the All-in-one desktop, and the gaming desktop. All three types of desktops are classified differently and have similarities as well. First off, the traditional desktop computer is the most common and widely sold type of computer in the world. This type of desktop was first introduced in 1963

Forgiving is the Past, Present and Future

725 words - 3 pages of his thoughts on the forgiveness process in a personal and communal manner. Even though Tutu emphasizes the power of love and forgiveness he focuses on the idea of remembering the past, not to hold a grudge but give future generations the opportunity to grow and learn from mistakes. As he states: “In forgiving, people are not being asked to forget. On the contrary, it is important to remember, so that we should not let such atrocities happen

Inclusion: The Past, Present, and Future

4051 words - 16 pages several past years, it is a widely heated topic today, and there are things that will change and continue to promote inclusion in the future. History of Inclusion The idea of children with disabilities, whether they be mild or severe has been a very controversial and misunderstood topic. In the past inclusion has brought about huge changes for not only the students, but also the parents and families of these children, and staff at schools

The Internet: Past, Present, and Future

2039 words - 9 pages The Internet Past, Present, and Future Whether easily recognized or not, the internet has changed the way the entire world functions. Innovations as simple as how a businessman in New York acquires his daily schedule, to how a teenager in Japan searches the internet for the next purchase. The internet has simplified many tasks of everyday life, and for many jobs. Anything from obtaining lunch, to filing tax returns can all be done from

Similar Essays

The Past And Future Of Suspension Bridges

994 words - 4 pages skeleton of the concept. There is huge potential in suspension bridges for the future, but, as it is said, we must learn from the mistakes of the past or we will be doomed to repeat them. What makes a suspension bridge work, what hazards lie on the path, and what can we reach with the resources we have today? The suspension bridge is fundamentally supported by stringing up the road on heavy-duty steel cables, usually wound in large groups. A long

The Past And Future Of Communism

1387 words - 6 pages varying activities, through the participation by all in the enjoyments produced by all, through the combination of city and country -- these are the main consequences of the abolition of private property." The philosopher's ideals were kindled by the mistreatment of the working class throughout history. Every social system of the past, Marx argued, had been a device by which the rich and powerful few could live by the toil and misery of the

The Past, Present, And Future Essay

872 words - 4 pages located somewhere in the United Kingdom. Once was a great medieval church, Wordsworth writes in this short story three messages from Tintern Abbey coming from the past, present, and the future. In Tintern Abbey, by William Wordsworth, he relates a message from the past which is remembering the youthful age in life. Life is a clock, never stopping, and always ticking. According to Wordsworth, “An appetite; a feeling and a love, that had no need of a

The Past, Present, And Future Of The Electoral College

1775 words - 7 pages directly choose the president. However, the idea was rejected because some felt that making this choice would be too divisive and leave animosity in congress. Others felt that such a procedure would invite unseemly political bargaining, corruption, and perhaps even interference from foreign powers. An alternative reason why this idea was rejected is, “others felt that such an arrangement would upset the balance of power between the legislative and