The novella Animal Farm is certainly one of the best examples in literature of how a society transforms into tyranny. This particular piece of art brings to light a problem that every society stumbles upon, a problem that cannot be avoided. Of course, it is the problem of governance. George Orwell, living in the very tumultuous and uncertain times, observed the tendency of some countries to move towards totalitarianism. And by writing Animal Farm, he wanted to show what societies would look like, if this trend were taken too far. According to him, this leads to absolute eradication of justice, and to the situation, where every citizen of such society lives under strong oppression and in total misery. He wrote his work using literary device of allegory in order to warn humankind about the hazards that tyranny brought. His main characters were anthropomorphic animals which represented certain aspects of every society. In the beginning of the novella, animals overturned the avaricious men from the governing position. The reason for such drastic measures is that they grew discontented with oppressive conditions that men had created for them. This action gave them opportunity to establish a society devoid of fear and pressure, but the society, in which justice and equality thrive. However, their endeavor suffered complete collapse. The society that had been meant to be just transformed into tyranny, where the rights of every inhabitant were suffocated. During establishing a just society, animals went astray thus creating perfect conditions for tyranny to emerge. This essay will explain what steps made it possible.
The animals wanted to establish a society, where everybody was equal. However, equality does not exist in nature. Animals cannot be equal; some animals are born with characteristics that other animals lack. And those animals will take full advantage of the characteristics that nature bestowed them with.
In this story, pigs had those advantageous traits. They were more intelligent, more imaginative, and more inventive. That is why they were appointed as the leaders. As time passed, pigs started to desire more luxurious and extravagant life. This made them transform into corrupt aristocracy. They began to manipulate the minds of other animals in order to satisfy their appetitive desires.
They gripped privileges that other animals could not have. In order not to cause discontent of the inhabitants of Animal Farm, they started to tell lies to them so their suspicions decreased. The leaders, through eloquent speeches, convinced other animals in their righteousness. The animals truly believed in the goodness of their motives; they thought that everything the leaders were doing was to the benefits of the farm. Their excessive gullibility allowed the pigs to continue the corruption of the farm. However, there was one animal, who adhered to the initial ideas of establishing a just society. He wanted to build a society, in which every animal would...