The Peak District National Park Essay

1294 words - 5 pages

The Peak District National Park

I will begin with what a National Park really is. A National Park is
an idea developed in 19th century America, at the time the new country
was rapidly developing and settlers were moving in. The first ever
National Park was created in 1872, it was named as 'Yellowstone' this
began a chain-reaction of National Parks being instated. The size of
the parks varied, but were all generally large uninhabited areas of
real natural beauty. The fact that these National Parks were protected
by the Government stopped any land damage or animal poaching. Britain
in comparison to the USA had only a few areas worthy of National Park
status, but also began to develop them in the late 1800's through
organisations such as 'The National Trust', 'The RSPB' (Royal Society
for the Protection of Birds) and 'The Council for the Preservation of
Rural England'. The first British National Park was in fact the Peak
District, and was the first of many. The reason for the urgency to
build the parks gradually arose when it was realised that city
dwellers needed an escape from their lifestyles and a break in the
country. And so people from the busiest cities in England began to
visit the relatively newly formed National Parks. From 1951 when the
Peak District was announced to have NP status, an influx of others
were encountered in the following decade, nine to be precise. Away
from human benefits the major factor behind the creation of national
Parks was 'Sustainable Development'. Through protecting natural
resources we are assured of them be it landscape, plants or animals,
it is a long term guarentee to natural survival. And so the Parks were
spread all over England and Wales. A late area to emerge into NP
recognition were the Norfolk Broads. It wasn't until 1989 when the
area was given Government protection and the New Forest National Park
was born. As time went on inevitable developments were made and by
1995 an Environmental Act was passed, declaring the National Park
purposes as:

· Conserving and enhancing the natural beauty, wildlife and cultural

· Promoting oppurtunities for the understanding and enjoyment of their
special qualities.

· Finally the National Park must also foster the economic and social
well-being of the local communities.

There is a team constantly working to upholding these rules called the
National Park Authorities. They produce a structure plan and provide
policies for the Parks to follow in order to work successfully. It
does this by balancing the needs of conservation with the needs of
surrounding towns or villages, whether there are enough houses, jobs
and services. They must consider the needs of a major part of NP
survival, visitors. They require adequate car parks for travellers and
extensive information they can...

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